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金沙7727赌城会员登录

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金沙7727赌城会员登录򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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CHIPS]154ͷ۲ɫ56е޺ɫϵЯɫƱʽУͼļϿʵּһµɫʽɫ˳еִɫʣʹѡΪֱۡṩī䷽Ŀǰ빤̼ݡʹıֽţϳӡˢÿɫʾڰſ˺ʽɫƱĶҳʽҳӡˢҳɵҳΪҳװ䳣ɫʡص㣺ɫɫ㷺154ַ۲ɫ56޺ɫɫ˳ÿɫʶɶصPANTONEżʶɸҳϵĿ˺ʽɫƱFSC׼ıֽŲͨɫʹ[PANTONE COLOR MANAGER Software]ԱڳõӦóиPANTONEɫŵ㣺ִгɫʹõıЯʽҳʽɫ˳аʽڲɫʵһֲѡʹɫƱָѡɫʵ׼ȷɫʽÿɫƱṩӡˢ׼ɫʷΧҳʹӡˢϵɫʼ㡢׼ȷϵͳõȫPANTONEӪɵ֧pantone ”ͨ“·۲ɫ CUɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301 ԭװڣCUɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 590.00г: 850.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ TPXɫ PANTONE FGP100 ԭװڣTPXɫڷ֯Ҿװεҵ㷺ʹá10꾭רҵ 860.00г: 1200.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONEͨɫ GP4001 CMYK - ֽͭ&ֽ µPLUSϵͳCMYKָ[PLUS SERIES CMYK Guide]2,868ɫʣɫʽ԰ɫ˳УʹɫʹɸΪѡɫΪֱۡЩָDzοͿ塢ʶ߽硢ͼɫЧ빤ߡ 1050.00г: 1390.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ ɫ ͨɫӰ PANTONEӰ 113̳ǣɫṩPANTONE PMSȫϵɫӰPantone? Matching System Color Chart PMS Colors Used For PrintingѷУ 0.00г: 0.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 10ڴרҵ 7150.00г: 11800.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ Cɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301C() ԭװڣCɫɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 380.00г: 550.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱȹϲDZҵչʮѸ٣طҹDZҵ״༰ԭ ϲDZҵչʮѸ٣һЩؼͲƷͻƣҹ񾭼÷չĶԡԺͰȫԶԶӰ졣 1 ״ Ŀǰ󲿷ֹDZƷļˮƽڹϾʮڵˮƽе͵ƷƷֻȫܹȶ磬繤DZڹгռʴ 95% 13% Ʒڡÿñ 700 ̨ 90 ңе͵ñIJռܲ 80% иߵƷѽӽˮƽڹӦü棬Ѿܹеһֹش󹤳DZϵͳ׹ 60 ǧ߻飬 350 / װã 20000m 3 /h շװá˵վ浺ϵͳȣʼѹش󹤳ȫ⹫˾¢ϵľ档ڸ߼ԶDZϵͳѧԪȲƷľϣDZҵ϶൱ľء˵ 2003 DZгʢѸ١ܵվʩ̡סլ͹гůӰ죬ҵԶDZϵͳDZˮüDZе͵ѧѸ١ͳƾֺйҵͳƣ 2003 DZܶΪ 921 Ԫͬ 25.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 174 Ԫͬ 29.9% ѧΪ 154 Ԫͬ 40.18% ԼΪ 16 Ԫͬ 35.6% ܼDZΪ 180 Ԫͬ 36.3% ҽ 80 Ԫͬ 11.9% ݹҺغйҵͳƣ 2003 ꣬ҹDZҵƷֵ 29.4 Ԫͬ 52.6% 2003 DZĽڽΪ 91.5 Ԫͬ 67.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 16.7 Ԫѧʵ͹ѧΪ 28.8 ԪҽΪ 10 ԪݣйDZ 2003 гΪDZ 2003 ܶ–DZ 2003 ܶ + 2003 DZĽڽ = 921 – 29.4 × 8.3 + 91.5 × 8.3 = 921 – 244.02 + 759.45 = 1436.43 ԪԪıȼ = 1: 8.3 ˣԺŵ˵ҹDZĶ֮һɽڲƷģʵռ 52.87% ⹫˾еƷԼؼ㲿ռ˹ 60% ϵгݶͺ͸߾ȵDZȫڡ 2IJ IJҪڣ ƷĿɿԽϲԻ칤յоһЩӰɿԵĹؼ羫ܼӹܷ⼼Ӽûеõܺý²ƷرǸߵƷܲȶͿɿйڸߵƷĿɿָ꣨ƽ޹ʱ䣩ƷȣҪ 1 2 ƷܡйڲƷڲҪƷ 1 ڹϣĿǰƷ̶ܻ൱ߣͨԭʼϢִõųⲿŶϢӰ죬˲ƷͻԺͲʵԡвƷ̶ܻȻϵ͡⣬Ʒ绯ڹѾʵý׶Σҹϴ𲽽׶Ρ ƷµƷĸڴԼ 2 3 ꡣ¼ĴǰʮꡣҹҵͨʵһƷĸ£ֲܺܺգ²ƷԭԳɹ١һЩԭIJƷҹڿհ״̬Ժڸ¼Ȼгɹҵϲҵ൱ѡ ȱʹöרýDZķչǿDZӦöܽϵƷûṩԻĽ 60 ǧ߻Ļܼ͹յŻרҽͼδȡҹҵⷽδγɲҵ 2.2 ҵۺʵIJ ҵۺʵIJҪڣ ҵģСDZҵֵܲϵ͡ǾСھеıҲС 2003 DZֵܲռֵ GDP 0.82% ڹҵֵܲ 1.79% ҵҼͱ׼оԺ NIST ıƣ 90 DZҵֵռҵֵܲ 4% DZҵҵСҵȫҵйģҵ 1887 ۶ 10 ԪIJ 15 ҵְΪ 51 ȱۺʵǿ“콢”ҵҵĵƷгǿȱۺʵ϶гſ⡣ˣг洦ơҵȱ͹̵Ĺ ҵͶʵ͡DZڸ߿ƼҵͶɱòԡҵˮƽձҵˣ߼ƷҵͶԶҵ ҵͶձ鲻㡣ڹҵȫССҵ涼֧㹻ġڵļͶ롣ԿѧΪһ⹫˾ĿͶռ۶ 10% ҹռ 3% 3ϲҪԭ лƲӦг÷չҪڷչĹУһͶʵĹǸҵٲƷϻԱʧϾ棬뾭Ӫѣһƴ¡ҵ𲽳Ϊµ㣬δȽļ³ɹ٣˾⡣ ѧСڣãлϵƺûγɡDZǵ֪ʶܼܼͲƷڸ߿ƼչǶָ¼ںϵۺ壬ˣѧСõлϾԵʮҪָΪսˮƽظγɺȱЧгɹҵʵ͵Ȼʮͻ ȱǿо֧ԮơDZҵƷֶࡢСҪڵġֲиͶ롣ĿǰͶͶЧ治ѡͶ;ɢԼص㡣ѡоɹĹ͸вơҵȲȫгù뾺ȱоԴսͶʡ¼гҪгٵȹսԡ ⣬ȱ߲εĸ˲źϤͨѧƽۺ˲ţҲɲһҪԭ򡣵Ӽɫϵͳķչɫԭ īɫӰӡˢƷĹؼָ֮һˣīĵͳӡǰزٵĹɫĻԭɫʺϳɫΪɫϵͷʽõͬɫɫЧŵӼķչԴ洢ݣиɫѧܶԴīݼɫֵдͨ˻Իɫٶȿ졢ȸߣӡˢ򣬿ʹɫʹִ һɫķչص 1.ɫķչ ڹҵңɫйصҵ֯ӡȾȾϡϡͿҵɫӹīҵձüɫϵͳΪƷƼ۵ߣռʺܸߡ磬Ĺѧ˾ƿ˸˱˹ī䷽Ink Formulation4.0Ϊӡӡˢӡˢתӡҵƾȷ䷽Զ䷽ͨٶȿص㣬ܹƵͳɱ䷽ڽѺã֤䷽ȷһƵijɹʡ 10ҹ½˸ͺŵɫϵͳȡЧIJࡣƵŷӹҵصΪɫƷȶڼӹҵȻԼص㣬ɫƷʵȶԲһЩĿǰɫϵƷֲϸ£ͻĴӿ֣еɫϵͳԴȱĵɫϵͳʵӦѡ оԺ1984꿪ʼоɫϵͳУ˼άʽɫǹڱȽɫøϵͳܼ۸Ϊϵͳ1/3ڻףܼ۸Ϊڵ1/2ϵͳ70ʹãȾϡӡȾëġ֯ᡢī𽺡ֽɫйصҵ⣬ѧƿ˲òɫܶȼܶȵɫϵͳƹӦõķ㷺ԡĿǰķչ̬ɫѾΪδīɫеһҪɲ֡ 2.ɫص 1Լɫʱ䣬ͳɱɫЧʡ 2ڽ϶̵ʱڼ䷽ 3īɫݿ⣬Ҫʱʹá 4㡣 5ɫ䷽ɫļɼʾӡɫҲʽС 6ϵͳ磺ӳϵͳСߣΪʽӡƷӡƷϵͳκ쳣ʱͻͣٲҪ˷ѡ ɫԭϵͳ 1.Kubelka-Munkۼ K-M1931ֱ1958ſʼɹڷ֯ӡȾҵӡˢҵӦøʼ2070ձȹҿļɫϵͳԲۡ ͨK-M۵һϵƵɫĺʽ䵼ʽ K/S=(1-r)2/2r r=K/S+1-[(K/S+1)2-1]1/2 ʽrµķʣKΪϵ޺ƽУɢ΢ԪȽʲԹʣSΪɢϵ΢ԪȶԹɢʡ ĿǰΪֹɫCCMĻԭȻK-MۡӾƥ䷽׷ɫɫƽ㷨ȶK-MΪġK-MʵӦУۼʵ֮䳣ֲ죬ԭɹΪء K-M۱һļƵġ һɫΪxһ΢Ԫdxʱǽķ䣬ضӦø۵ɫǽûָͬĽУΪʹ򻯶Խϲָͬ㷨 ڶdxɫxڵһ΢Ԫ㣬ϵɢϵʹʱΪɫͬȵģּٶӦͻϡ ɫڵɫǻеģʹɫڵĹճΪһɢʽȫûɢЧӦУͨʵӦУڱƬʽͻĤУˮƽʱͨͨٶƻ ģڱɫϣɢѾɫڲڰɫ൱ĹɢǰѱգЩɫĹɢ״̬ʹʵֽϴ졣 ӡˢҵīЧʱ뿼ǹϿ໥üīʡʵӦУӦ˵K-Mа˫ֱΪϵKɢϵS,īԹɢʵɢȿԺԣīijɫԭҪīԹѡգīīȼīŨȵӰ졣K-MԲ͸Ϊǰģӡˢʹõī͸Ի͸ԵģˣK-Mкܴ㡣 2.ֵ̼мīɫ (1)ֵ̼ɫ ĿǰĵɫϵͳʹõѧģK/SΪK/SľԺӡˢҵص㣬ֵ̼ɫķ÷ʹK/Sֵʵȱɫֵָ̼꣬Ϊɫָꡣ K/S۵ĻҲɽֵ̼ɫҪֶνK/SֵŨȵݿ⣬оֵ̼Ũ֮Ĺϵֵ̼ٷֱ֮ĹϵӡˢУתֵ̼ٷֱ֮ķҪŦ鱤תþ仯תͲòұתѡɫ׽ұת(2)ֵ̼ɫԭ CIE׼ɫѧϵͳκȻɫùֵ̼XYZʾĿǰȽIJɫѡɫϵͳκɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ʾɫԭҪͬɫԭɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ֱȣΪͬɫ ɫ׽IJұֵ̼ɫīٷֱ֮Ĺϵijɫīabcӡɣīٷֱȷֱlmnīabclmnīռ(1-l)+(1-m)+(1-n)ɫϵͳCIE׼ԴD65ĺ10°ӳµݽм㣬ͬʱCIELABɫʽΔEab=[(ΔL)2+(Δa)2+(Δb)2]1/2׼ɫɫ֮ɫ ǿԿֵ̼мɫʹɫضԴµɫݱʾɫֵ̼ī֮ڶӦĹϵɫ䷽ǷҪ (3)ֵ̼ɫ ɫ׸ɫֵ̼͸īٷֱݿ⡣ɫʱĿɫֵ̼뵽ϵͳУϵͳī䷽ԤɫīԺٲֵ̼ɼɫʽɫһָѸƳϸͬɫɫ ɫʸƵҪϣݹұ׼ͬɫװӡˢƷɫΔE*abȷҪ󣬱ѡΔE*ab≤3 ɫװ˳Ĵ󲿷ɫɫڵɫֱӲҵõīȣɫڵɫԲȡɫҵɫСɫȻͨԲֵ⡣ 3.ɫϵͳ 1ɫϵͳĹ ɫϵͳǼɫǡɫϵͳһִ豸ɫĻǽɫīɫԤȴڵУȻЩīɫĻϱԴﵽԤ䷽Ŀġ 2ɫϵͳ ټɫϵͳӲ ʹWindowsϵͳӲ̴洢ռ20MBֹܶȼƣɫס ڼɫϵͳ ˵ʾɫϵͳиĿ¼ʹ߶Ըɫһŵʶʹ߸ԼĿĶĿ¼ʾijѡ͵á ļʹMicrosoftAccessݿļ˫ɫӡɫӡרɫӡ3֡ļļĽݴּ䷽洢 ䷽㼰 ô˳ɫ׼֮ɫ죬ɫѡ䷽䷽ ɫϵͳнǿ˻Իܣ߿ԸݼĻϵʾӦIJݾܵõҪī䷽ ɫһ漰ɫۡīֽšյȶ෽ĸӵļ̣ɫ׽ֵ̼ɫ˷K-M۵ľԣʺӡˢҵص㣬ɫԱĸ˲Ʒɫɫٶȡȣ˾Ч档ȻкܶƵĵطڲͬԴ½ֵ̼ɫɫͬɫɫ׵׼ȷкܴĹϵȡżIJϸ¡ĸӾܡѧIJӿֺͲϵ𽥹淶ݻɫȻʾޱȵԽԡ113վ11317.comΪӦҵķչûҪŶӵŬڸİˡ˴θİʱһ£dzվۣд11317.comΪҵѡվڻڶB2Bվӱ113վλΪɫΪҵѶרҵΪɫۺϵƽ̨һĿ滮 A гλ ɫҵѡվ B Ŀ ʵ۲Уϡϳ C ƷƼֵ ֪Ʒ——ۡĿͻ A Ŀͻ (ܽӡī֯װӡȾӡˢֽƷʳƷҽҩױƷѧӰԵҵԼСѧУʵҵ) B Ŀͻվ A (ɫDzƷչʾ) B (ɫҵѶ) C (ɫǼ) D (ɫ)ġҪϷ A () B(λ) C (̼) D (ҵϢ) E(ҵ¿Ƽ) Fҵչᡢᣩ GѵϢ HԴأ Iѯ J KɫǶƷ Lά޼3nhΪɫҵıˣŹƽٽƷƵķչDZҵչȫȼۣȫΪû룬ҵùƷ𲽹ʻTILOɫɫ (Ϳϡϡ𽺡ҵɫר)ݿ ? ɼÿ֧ϵԺ;KSֵ ? ϻϵԼɫ ? ͬŨȼɫȱȽ ? ɫϵȷԣʾϵ ? ɷ޳Ũ/ɫ ? 趨ϵĸ/ʹŨ ? 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X-Rite׹һ걣ޣά޷йڹѧ֮սеĹѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 19369£ィϾ·һʱľΪʱͬʱֹѧijィ193781գѧڰˮŲݳ幤ʽ̿ãսȫ汬ϾΣ827ձ֪ͨͣﱸ˵Ĵַ׼ǨĴ99ձʽ֪ͨﱸѧǨĴ1112գտܹռϺﱸӽǨ 27ճﱸȫԱ豸Ǩ졣 ڵѡַĹԱ켰ܱʮصп죬ⶨżϪΪѧַḮʱ12µ׿ʼװ豸ѵˡɳԱΪѧġ19381£´ŷ޷أά㱨ʿɵļĿǵʱغҪۿڶѱվŷ޹豸ֻ˵ԽϺۣٴӵԽ·˵͹̵ĸӼʪʺϹѧĵͱ棬άѧǨǰɺԽ·˵ľеʵĽˡܡת˵ȹͬʱ׼ﱸǨˡ2£µ˿ӴΪѧַʼƽ쳧ͰǨװ1938 9£ͻ豸װѽ깤߱˿ﱸ棬19391ʽ,19381227վ׼ڶʮ193911գйһùѧ——ڶʮʽγͬרԱ ԭƻʮ쳧ӱΪһ쳧ԶԶΪڶ쳧ԶʵʩسļĿԶΪʮ¼˵ܱΪԶѡַ෽Աȣ̲򿿽йһˮվ——ʯˮվˮ͹ȽϷ㣬ȺɽƣΣΪԶijַӷտǣԶijɽУ̽ҲԿɽΪͬʱѡַںڵĻʮһؽڣΪպϲ˷ʡ йڹѧԱ19391£Զʼ6×30˫ͲԶ1940Զװһ80cmֲԶ1940վں½͹ѧĵ¹ֱۣŴӢĹѧڵк¹DZͧʧѧļȱʹԶԳԶƹѧٵȻ׼ȺƳµؿ˺ͷʽȻ׼вʽ׼ΪʽװͶΪйԼĵһڱʽѧ 1940107գջпϮԶ⵽ըᡢֿе46ʧأͣڵڶռʮɢȫ豸ǨԶΪʹǨ˳³͵19414ǨĻ豸װͶ7ȫ깤Ǩȫɡ 194111£վںر׼ϣʮǨ׼ͬ12£ͻȻʮһͶʮڣΪٻԼѡͳһָΪɣʽȻͬıϲΪʮ1942Ԫʮγǹ͹ѧǿв˵ǿҲ֮ìأڲϵЭ19424£ǹְչΪɧҡȻ¶þǿд˸¼ȴһӾڲìܡ 19425£վص幫·ģ53չ4չֱ꣬ƻͨ5գʮѧֵ豸ԱǨϾƣͷǰӣŽһ¹ͬ⣬˳ȹ˲ĥڡʮսʤջըƵԭϼѷ۸ǵ£˷ѣ6×30˫ͲԶ11250ߣ80cmԶ392ߣʽȻ׼ 2608ߣݿʽǹ15108ָͦ31310ߣ֧Ԯ˿ս սʤʮ۷ǡǿάŲҵľӪΪ֧Ʒ80cmԶ6×30˫ͲԶȺ󱻱ͣ19461949꣬ʽͲԶƵͳһʽȻ׼졣19503ţܻ˶ԹĽӹܡźʮΪԭȵĶʮʮһʮҲǺϹѧΪйѧҵķԴأ彨ʱڣ˴Ĺѧ˲ţΪйѧҵķչ˾޴ס սеĹѧйѧҵ޵еʷת䡣ȻʱйѧƷԷΪṹ򵥣Ҫ޷Ըȴйѧҵ¼ԪΪһչ˷ḻľ飬˼ʵĻ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧѧ˾Ĺ˿ͷ֮ͻȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ ͻԱ˼⣺1ѹʱܷ侲˼2پ޴ѹʱܷ񱣳ֹֻ۵̬ȣ3˷ʱǷֻȥۣƽ͵ؽͻش⣻4ѹʱܷطж⣻5ѹʱܷر6ѹʱǷԸЭ⣻7ѹʱǷֻעĸܣδԷΧ˵ĸܣͬͻд򽻵ͻĵһԶǴͻУзҲǹһ֡1Ը<1>ͻ/<2>ͻķԸ̬оƷ<3>ͻÿһνΪ“˲”<4>ƫ;ֹ2<1>ʾעУʾͬ<2>——ְҵ;Ʒߵ<3>˫ϵ飻<4>ֶԿͻԼеͬ<5>߿ͻ/飻<6>ڿʼκ֮ǰ봦С3е<1>߿ͻ–עڱҪʱͻ˵IJƷ–ͬʱҪ߿ͻ,ƷĿͻ¼,˭Ӵȫṩ<2>ͻȷ֤㽫/⣻<3>ȷõͻĽ<4>ʹ“”“”<5>ԳС⼼ɣ1жϿͻʵ-͹-ȷʲô-ܱ©-ʹú-û-Ե-ͨ©-ԭ-ȷԭжϿͻʵ-ڿͻԭ޷ʱ׼ȷṩ2ж3ȷеĺܱܵĽͽ4ûֵ<1>ͬһ⣬ͬͻвͬ<2>ͻⱾжϿͻֵķ֮<3>ֵʱͻʱҪͻֵ<4>ע⣺A. 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UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ20W CWF ̵Դ(Cool White Fluorescent) ɫ£4150K ʣ20W Judge II ڶɫ 2TILO T-5ر׼Դɫ 䱸D65,TL84,CWF,F,UVֹԴ 30Kg (xx)710x405x570 mm ѡԴɢ 45ȱ׼̨ õƹܺ ŵ ʾÿֹԴʹʱʱ ԴԶл߱ͬɫ׹ Ԥȣɱ֤ٶɿɫ ܺС(ɢ)Чʸ Ӣ׼ùԴ Сʹ÷㣬ͻʹ Դ Դ˵ D65 ʱ׼˹չ ɫ£6500K ʣ18W TL84 ŷޡձй̵Դ ɫ£4000K ʣ18W CWF ̵Դ ɫ£4150K ʣ18W F ͥƵõơɫοԴ ɫ£2700K ʣ40W UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ18W TILO T-5ر׼ԴɫǶӡˢƷҪԽԽߣɫӡˢijЩѾ㲻˴ڶɫʵҪӡˢǣרɫӡˢ ˵רɫͲòPANTONE׼ͼPhotoshopIllustratorﶼǶPANTONEרɫ⡣ͬʱ֧ܶרɫʹõרɫҲPANTONE׼PANTONEɫƥϵͳPANTONE MATCHING SYSTEMǺӡˢ֯ܽͼƼɫʹͨϵͳɫԵķʽͳһӡˢѾΪɫʵı׼ԣΪװӡˢҵīҵṩ˿١ݵɫɫ׼ʹPANTONE׼ĺô1ɫʱʹݼ򵥡κεطĿͻֻҪָһPANTONEɫţֻһӦPANTONEɫͿҵɫɫӡƷУͻҪɫƷ2ȷÿӡˢɫౣһ¡ͬһӡˢӡˢڲͬӡˢӡͬһרɫɱһ£ƫɫ3ѡش1000רɫʦ㹻ѡءʵϳϢʦƽʱõרɫֻռPANTONEɫеһС֡±4ӡˢԼɫʡȥɫķա5ɫിĿ͡PANTONEɫƥϵͳɫݿʿأCarlstadtPANTONEܲ蹤ͳһӡƵģܱ֤طеPANTONEɫȫһ¡ңյĸԺӡˢ⣬û˵˷ƻð40ķչPANTONE˾IJƷ㷺Ӧأ˵ҪɫʹͨĵطʹPANTONEɫƥϵͳԿῨܴPANTONEɫƥϵͳǹóбزٵҪߡPANTONEרɫ䷽ָϡPANTONE׼ɫֽ/ֽͭPANTONE formula guide coated/uncoatedPANTONEɫϵͳĺģdzáȽϴPANTONEƷͨ2004רɫ䷽ָϣʹPANTONEרɫɫûṩһοPANTONEɫ־1114רɫɫʶעΩһıźβ룬ӡˢֽͭϵרɫΪɫÿ˵1.PANTONEɫPANTONE Basic Colorsòְ14PANTONEɫգ14ֻɫǴԭɫīԵһϣɫϣϸߵİٷֱȺƶɣмߵɫŨȺɫȣǵרɫīĻAdobe2.PANTONEɫPANTONE Process ColorsòгPANTONEɫCMYKPANTONEɫϵͳPANTONEƳĻCMYKɫʹ淶ϵͳCMYKɫʱʱ3000ɫ3.PANTONEɫPANTONE HexachromeǽΪϸ߱ɫʣHi-Fi ColorƵɫϵͳCMYKɫרɫȼרɫ̹6ɫ϶ɣܴԼ90% PANTONEרɫƥ䣬ʹҪúܶרɫſɴﵽЧ6ɫϱɡ߱ɫһƵۺϵͳеƷУϵͳʹƷܴǰδеĹɫ4.PANTONEɫⲿרɫdzõPANTONEɫɫ󲿷ֹ˾ı־ɫⲿҵī䷽ԷͰٷʱʾܹCMYKɫӡʽģõɫʶӡ˱־ⲿֵĶרɫCMYKɫģõ5.PANTONEɫͰɫϵСⲿרɫɫרɫIJ䡣д󲿷ֵרɫCMYKɫģõ6.PANTONEdzɫϵСⲿΪ͵ɫЧƵһϵרɫԼ85%רɫCMYKɫģõ7.ʹɫⲿɫӳ߶רɫҪרɫչԼɫ׳н80%ϵרɫCMYKɫģ⡣8.ӫɫͽɫ14ӫɫ14ֽɫ28ɫ޷ͨCMYKɫģõǿ֪ġ2004רɫ䷽ָӡڽֽϵPANTONEרɫֵרɫɫӡֽͭϵרɫɫͬҪ˵ǰװеPANTONE 256 C PANTONE 256 UʾͬһרɫīPANTONE 256ΩһġPANTONE 256 CʾPANTONE 256ӡڹֽͭϵЧӦı׼ӦǹֽͭcoatedרɫָɫPANTONE 256 UʾPANTONE 256ӡڽֽֽϵЧӦı׼Ӧǽֽ(uncoated)רɫָɫֿרɫָϵɫܻɫɫӡˢΪ˱֤׼ȷɫʴݣÿרɫָϡһPANTONEרɫɫ۵㶼ԾɻµҵĿǰ°汾PANTONE׼ɫ2005ֽֽͭװ°汾ɫӡˢֽǰ汾ףɫ2004ƫ䣬رdzɫ鲿ָΪԡ÷װ͹ʹÿͻͬʱֿԷֱһ40ǰӡˢӡӹһЩ˾ʶӡˢīɫͳһҪԣӶPANTONE˾רŴӡˢɫʵı׼оռĿǰѾչ֯ܽرӡˢPANTONE׼ѾصʦӡˢʿձáһӡˢƷϰʹPANTONE׼רɫӶ֤ӡˢƷɫʵͬһԡڹҲսռáһܶȼƲԭܶȼú졢̡ɫƬɫ⣬ͨīɫķ䣬õࡢƷ졢ֽɫɫܶȡɫܶȶīijɫԣӳijīͶȵֵʵӦУղĿͬñ׼խɫƬͬ׷ΧܶȣˣܶȼƵIJΪխӡˢҵгõܶȲʽΪɫƬ߽Ͽ졢̡໥棬ɵɫɫƬвɫͨխɫƬԹ׵ѡԽǿԣխֵܶϿֵҪߡܶȼԭͼ1ܶȼƲīĹ׷ʺ󣬿ͨɹʽ1īܶȡʽρinkΪ1īպʣಹɫķʣSikλΪԴĹֲrikλΪ̽Ĺȣτ(λ)ΪɫƬĹ͸ʣP(λ)ΪīԸĹ׷ʡ½űͬηΧֱӦͬηΧĺ졢̡⣬ӦࡢƷ졢īܶȣϽűkӦͬηΧڲͬĹֲʽӦͬӦʽõܶȡɫܶȼƵӦʽеܶȼƶʹöϵȷܶȣԵIJϵͳеӦʽɫƬ̽ܶȼڽĶϵͬĻõܶȶҲͬΪ˲ʱбҪܶȼӦʽͳһӦʽĹ涨ǰ׼ӦơУ׼ĽΪܶȼṩһµܶȡ1.ӦʽڲɫܶȲУܶȼʾIJֵȡܶȼʹõĹԴֲSik(λ)̽ĹrikλɫƬĹ͸τ(λ)ߵĹ׳˻ΪܶȼƲӦ÷∏ʾԲӦϸ涨ú졢̡ⶨֻܶһܶȼеģͬһɫṩĶֱӺһܶȼĶȽϡΪ˽йʡʼĽͱ׼ܶȼʵƣͳһˣʱ׼֯ISOұ׼ѧᣨANSIɫƬܶӦʽĹ涨X-Rite500ϵܶȼеTGEIӦʽʱ׼֯ISO涨ܶȼϵͳӦĶֵlg∏ﵽijӦ涨ֵܶȼƲõݼΪӦܶȡ2ΪTӦʽӦĶֵֻг̹ӦĶֵlg∏TGTӦ涨ܶȼƣõݼΪTӦܶȡ2TӦʽӦֵҹӡˢҵвõĺ졢̡䲨ηΧڵֲҪ󣬶ӦӦʽΪTӦʽTӦʽУ̽Ĺrik(λ)CIEֵ̼ƣɫӾغصתֵڱ׼TӦʽӦDZ׼δֻ֪īԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ˣͬʵɫòͬͺܶȼõı׼TӦܶӦȵģ֤ܶȲһԡ2.Ӧܶȵļݹʽ1ͣ2ԽƷī̹TӦܶùʽ3ʽУλɰҪȡ10nm20nmȡΪ20nm∏TGֵɱ2̹ӦĶֵig∏TGó𲨳∏TGƷīԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ij˻ֵ33∏TG׷ρ(λ)ij˻ɱ3еõ∏TG∏TG.ρ(λ)ֵ빫ʽ3ɵƷīTӦܶȡӦʽ㷽TӦơ(4)ʵX-Rite518ƫƬӦʽTGEIԴ׼ԴAɫ2856K׷Χ400nm-700nm׾3.4mm45°/0°(ANSI&ISO׼)״DRS24棬31㱨档ţӡˢCMYʵɫ顣ȫУ׼X-Rite518ΪͬӦʽֱʵɫܶȲ2ʾɱ2ûӦʽܶ߼ͼ24ӦʽIJTab.2measurementdataofconventionalresponsemodesͼ2Ӧʽܶͼ2֪TGEӦʽDCDMֵһ£ֻǻīܶTӦIӦΪTGEӦʽʹõǿɫƬɫƬ糣õ׵25ɫƬ׵47ɫƬGӦʽΪɫӡˢտӦTӦʽƣֻǶڽŨĻɫīȽУԲDrֵϴ󣬶EӦʽʹ׵47BխɫƬԶڻɫīõDrGӦӦʽIANSIƶһխӦʽˣгӦʽУIӦõܶǻīֵܶTӦ߳36.8īȵϸ΢仯ҲŴ36.8%Ӧʽڼʱīȵı仯ɫΪɫӾһֿоڻƽ⣬ɫУʱӦѡTӦʽΪĿܶȼƣڲīȡӡʺʱխܶȼƣ߾ȷȡġΪʵͼƵı׼ܶȼھȫУ׼󣬱Ӧʽȷѡֻʵֲݵһԣǽб׼ݽǰᣬҲʵͼƼ׼ĹؼڡձῨܴȨ֤Ϻ޿޹˾µϺ˾̩·Ƽ޹˾£ҵɵı׼ԴҵͨISO9001ϵ֤ձῨܴ2006꿪ʼһֱȨ˾༭113̳նȼƵʹ÷ԭ նȼ(տ˹)һרŲȡȵDZDzǿ(ն) 屻ij̶ȣҲõĹͨ뱻֮ȡնȼͨػغ΢ɡնȼƲԭ: ǰѹֱתɵܵĹԪ䵽رʱ͸Ĥ4뵼2ͽĤ4ķֽϣڽϲЧӦλĴСܹϵնһıϵʱ·ͻеֵͨտ˹LxΪ̶ȵ΢ָʾĴСȡǿͻ·еĵ衣նȼб䵵װã˿ԲնȣҲԲնȡ նȼƵࣺ1.Ŀնȼƣʹò㣬Ȳߣʹá2.նȼƣնȼƺ͹նȼơնȼƵʹҪ󣺡1.:΢ŦڡءV(λ)˹ɡ(Se)ػ(Si)նȼ,ֳտ˹2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵնȼƵʹò裺ٴ򿪵Դڴ򿪹ӣˮƽڲλáѡʺϲλʾֻʾ“1”ʾնȹҪ̼նȼƿʼʾʾնֵʾʾݲϵر䶯ʾݱȽȶʱHOLDݡ޶ȡ¼ʾĹ۲ֵ۲ֵڶʾֵij˻磺Ļʾ500½ʾ״̬Ϊ“×2000”նȲֵΪ1000000lx500×2000ٰһأȡֵܡÿһι۲ʱβ¼ÿһβɺ󣬰µԴؼжϵԴϹӣŻغնȼһҪ: С (Compact SizeLight Weight)նȼʹõĻdz㷺õʱҲڲͬijԿЯʽСΪնȼƵĵһȾ ׼ȷȩzAccuracy{նȼƵݬ񣬺׼ȷоԵĹϵȻҲļ۸ϢϢأԺļ۸׼ȷȽϸߵնȼʵбҪһ±15%Ϊˡ ɫʲ zColor Compensation{ԴЩƫزϳĵĺɫϵѹ 򲨳϶ɫϵDaylightչƣҲзֲȽƽ׳ϵУͬһնȼƶԲͬIJȿвͬʶȵIJҪ ҲzCosine Compensation{Ҷ֪ԴǶйءͬĵնȼʱӦzSensor{ԴǶȻնȼƵĶֵӰ졣һõնȼǷҲĹʵڲɺԡնȼע2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵơնȼƵãնǵеĹϵĹգɷֹ¹ʵķ֮Ĺ߿ƣ͵ij̶ԶԶ۾ıˣʻϲ¹ʺƣ͵Ҫԭ֮һͳϱְҵͶ¹Լ30ֱӻ߲ɵġݣĹҪǷdzϸģչǿӰЧôǾסڶնȵѧҪأնѧһʮҪָꡣָ۾оĵŷ䣬߽۾ɲ֪ΪӾĹָɼ⣬䲨Χ380760nmף֮䡣ĿǰɹɷΪȻɹ˹ԴࡣȻɹָں͵ȻնȣֱӵչɢΧķ⣬òɹϵȻնȱʾɹϵָɹڵЧڵ֮ȡһסլIJɹϵ15115֮䣬ס18110֮䣨ڵȻնϵȻնˮƽǷӳڵĺͬʱĹϵҲӳعȻԴնָܺͣΪ˵Ĺҹƶйڣնȵ׼ڹ̳꣩ն׼≥100Lxͼݡݡݡչ̨նȵ׼≥100Lxԡն׼≥50Lxԡңܡءԡ≥30Lxɣԡ≥30Lx.йնȵı׼¹Ƽֶǿ칫Ұ鹤Ϊ300Lx֣ͼΪ750LxڹϵӾնҪΪ1000LxƵꡢΪ200LxӴ㡢ɹΪ200Lx̵ijΪ15002000LxҽԺΪ150200LxΪ500LxѧУΪ400700LxʳáڽΪ300LxȡնȴСIJһնȼƲնȼƿɲͬǿȣԿɼⲨκ߲εIJṩ׼ȷIJ֮ն彡Ƕ۾ıżҪѧ塣?ӣhttp://www.11317.com/article-1474.htmlתע113̳ǽ۾ѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ1ѧĿ֪ʶ뼼ܢ֪۾ijԭԽۺԶ۵ij˽⣬֪͸ԸıλôӶﵽĿġ֪͹͸ܳСʵԭƳɵġdz˽΢ԶĽṹá뷽ȹ۲۾Զ۾ľƬо־Ƭáʵʲѧա΢۲΢С壬Զ۲Զ壬ѧӦIJֵ̬ۢ˹͹͸ʵеӦãѧ֪ʶؼᷢչӰ졣ǿʶע2̲˵ҪУ˽۾ĽṹԭۺԶ۵ijо۾Զ۾ã˽Ļṹͳԭ˽΢ԶĽṹãѧʹ΢Զչݣ۾۾΢Զǰѧ͸֪ʶʵеӦáˣݶѧ͹͸Ĺɣѧй֪ʶĸʶѧѧϰȤϵʵʵѧ̬ȣγɽѧ֪ʶʶȣҪ塣ڵıд˼·ǣѧȽϤԭֽΪ򵥵۾ʼȽ۾ģԼۺԶ۵ijô˽ۺԶνأΪʲô۾ľƬǰ͸Զ۾ľƬ͹͸“1”оЩѧȽϹĵ⡣۾ľ׼ȷر֣Ƿ“Ӱı”Ļṹͳԭ΢ԶҲ͸ԭƳɵģִѧогõľ˵ǵijȽϸӣԱڽ̲ѧʶ΢Զͳ̲Ĺ͹͸ɵӦãһֻܷŴ󾵡ͶӰǡŶý弼IJϷչʽͶӰʹԽԽ٣й֪ʶѧչ˵ʵüֵԱ̲ûнͶӰǣ۾۾΢ԶԼǿγѧִƼϵڽѧص㣺ˮƽߣѽǧ򻧣۾ѧأѧЩ֪ʶѧ˵νã۾DZڽѧص㡣ڽѧѵ㣺ûµ͹ɣֻչԵؽ͸֪ʶʵеӦãΪʶ˽֪ʶѶȲȶԣۺԶ۵ijͽҪѧ˼еĵDZڽѧѵ㡣3ѧ鱾ݶΪʶ˽֪ʶѧۡʵоȷʽнѧý̲ġͼý塢ʵȽѧԴѧ˽͸Ĺ㷺Ӧã ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧ13죬TILOϺֹ˾ҵӢɽ 2011422-24գTILOϺ˾Ϊף13꣬Ϻֹ˾ҵӢǰɽΡ಻Ⱥɽ“ɽɽ”ȻɽľƺʯɡȪرλþһʤա ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 1 Ӣˬӭ ӭͦ嶫࣬ⶴϣʯ˰ꡣʼɽָϡ10ңؾ64ףؾ75ף֦¸25סǧв76׵֦չǰǡһλÿ͵ˣչ˫ۣ黶ӭɽɱΪɽɵĴ̬ԾҶǣͦΣɰʫԻ“ɰǰľɣɫʡ˫۴ӭ¿ͣĺٸꡣ”˵ˣĿôɣʱ˱׷㾰Ϊҡðеľ޷ӭɡǸġӭ⣬Ϊлÿ͵ӭΪ֮屦ǵ֮ġƺ λڻɽвϣ춼塣Ϊ36֮һ1864ףǻɽ߷壬Ҳǻ߷塣ϼμ˵“ӻɽ֮У֮”“춼ษ”ƾĿܵóȷĽۣڵʱȷ˲ķָ֡Ϊɽ߷ĵһˡ˷͸ʣΰͻأСӵٲŭţ“”ʫԻ“һϼͤͤ覡ңʸƾ¶嶥ʮɻ”ӡʫƣ“ij𣬷ߺԡĿɽ£ͷƶӦ㣬ҲԳӰ᰹ǧ״ܵδԡ”зҵɡԲ࣬Ի“ʯ”һһ“ɳ”Ϸ嶥һߣһɫԶ֮СھʵӣԶĿհ®Ż볤磬˷ƺ۵ףޱ׳ۡݴŴ嶥“”û 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1candela=0.981candle3.ʲôͨ?ͨĵλʲô? 𣺹ͨφĶǣԴǵԴڵλʱ,пɲӾߣܸоķͨΪͨͨĵλΪдlm1lumenlmΪһʱ׼ĹԴڵλ廡ͨĹͨΪ4πR2һͨһͨ1/4π˵4π,˰Ķ֪һcdĵԴ4πφ=4πI⣩ٶΩΪС廡ǣڡΩڹͨφСφ=ΩI 4.һӢĺʲô? һӢָһĹԴԴǵԴһӢԶϵĹնȣдΪ1ftc1 lm/ft2/Ӣ2ÿƽӢյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ1ftc=10.76 lux5.һĺʲô? һָһĹԴԴǵԴһԶϵĹնȣΪտ˹luxҲдlxÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ/26. 1 luxĺʲôÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱն7.նȵĺʲô? նȣEĶΪ嵥λܵĹͨ˵ܹڵλʱÿλܵĹȣλӢ⣨ftcʾ8.նȡ֮ʲôϵ? նȡĹϵǣE(ն)=I()/r2(ƽ)9.նȴСЩй? 𣺱նԴķǿȼ͹Դ֮ľйأ뱻ɫʼС޹1881꣬ĶΪ1Ƴ֮120mg/hٶˮƽȼյˮƽϵķǿȺʹùԴ֬׳ơƵ1948꣬Բ̵ĺ1967꣬candela101325Pa£ڲ¶ȵĺ1/600000m^2ڴֱϵķǿ1979꣬candelaǷɫƵΪ540*10^12HzĵɫĹ׹ЧK=683lm/W󾭳ҰͿͬʵƫ.ЩλĻû̫ʵ塣ձĵ1lm=cd 1cd=WĻϵҲοΪcdlmwһЩϵ(nm) CIE ӦĹЧϵ Ӧ/صĻ380 0.0000 0.05390 0.0001 0.13400 0.0004 0.27410 0.0012 0.82420 0.0040 2.73430 0.0116 7.91440 0.0230 15.7450 0.0380 25.9460 0.0600 40.9470 0.0910 62.1480 0.1390 94.8490 0.2080 142.0500 0.3230 220.0510 0.5030 343.0520 0.7100 484.0530 0.8620 588.0540 0.9540 650.0550 0.9950 679.0555 1.0000 683.0560 0.9950 679.0570 0.9520 649.0580 0.8700 593.0590 0.7570 516.0600 0.6310 430.0610 0.5030 343.0620 0.3810 260.0630 0.2650 181.0640 0.1750 119.0650 0.1070 73.0660 0.0610 41.4670 0.0320 21.8680 0.0170 11.6690 0.0082 5.59700 0.0041 2.78710 0.0021 1.43720 0.0010 0.716730 0.0005 0.355740 0.0003 0.170750 0.0001 0.082760 0.0001 0.041ISO12233ͷֱʵʹ÷1.÷ΧCIPA׼DC-0032003¼Ʊ׼)þֹƬ¼ƣDSCڲƷĿ¼мؾֹƬķֱʱñ׼涨IJ2.ñ׼ļڱ׼б׼ǽɱ׼涨һ֡Щñ׼°汾׷ݣISO122332000 Photography-Electronic still-picturecameras - resolutionmeasurementsISO7589:2002 Photography–Illuminants forsensitometry-Speccificationsfordaylight,incandescenttungstenandprinter3.Pa) ֱresolution⣬ɷֱ澫ϸͼļޡԻÿλ߶ȵʾb) aliasingƵСͼźŸƵʵ2ʱڲƵʵĸߴгص°Ӱǵ䣨꣩д湤ҵ19884ͼ4.1ISO12233ֱʲԿ׼12233Ϊ,ͼ(ͼ4.1,¼ISOͼ)ҲֱISO12233ͼISOͼаʽ׼ӾֱʣҪʹеˮƽJ1K1ֱJ2K2б45ȷJDKDʽISO12233м3ֲISOͼIJɹο912233ʹISOͼʱһֱʹøͼҲԼIJ֣ƴкʹISO12233ҪSine Patterns˾Applied Image˾Լձ,йԴӴ 4.2ISOͼֵĺӰʱͼЧ߶ȣ򳤱߿ͼ4.1ʱֿڲĸ߶ȣռ,ͼ*100Ϊÿλ߶ȵ.ʱһҪЧ߶ռ,ʱҪб궨(ο5.2ȡͼ).4.3ISOͼͼҲԼʹISOͼͬͼʱISO12233й涨ISOͼȻЩ涨Ҫ󣩡a) ׵ײֵķRmaxɫֵķRmin֮Ϊ80>Rmax>Rmin>40ISO12233ĵ4.5b) ͼλþ涨λΪ0.2mm߶ȵ+-0.1%ISO12233ĵ4.8c) ߿Ϊ+-5%ISO1233ĵ4.8d) ˫ͼK1K2ϸ֣İɫֺͺɫ֣ķʱRmax/RminΪ18ϡΪ“Ƽ”ˮƽISO12233AnnexBҲʹ͸ͼʱĿķӦͳ͸ʡʹ͸ͼʱɢ޹Ƿͻ͸ͣͼԷֹԡ55.1 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TES-133020,200,2,000,20,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10Ϊȷնֵ) TES-1332200,2,000,20,000,200,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10200,000luxʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) TES-133420,200,2,000,20,000lux/fc(20,000lux/fcʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) ע1fc10.76Lux ׼ ȷ ȣ±3> rdg±0.5> f.s 10,000lux׼ȷΪ±4> rdg±10> dgts ɫ2856K׼ƽУ ظԣ±2> ¶ԣ±0.1> /档 ȡ ʣ2.0/롣 壺帽˹⾵Ƭ ʪȣ0 ~ 40(32> ~ 104> )0 ~ 80> RH ʪȣ-10 ~ 50(14> ~ 104> )0 ~ 70> RH ʾλ"1"ʾ Դ9Vأʽ006PIEC6F22NEDA1604 ʹԼ200Сʱ(Alkaline) ߳ȣ150cm ߴ磺100(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm ߴ磺135(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm 250g ʹ˵顢Ƥסء ƺ͹ܣ> Һʾ32/1λҺʾֵ1999ʾΧ o TES-1330"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"BT"o TES-1332"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"×100"(ֵ100)"BT"o TES-1334"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"fc""P""BT"> Χָʾ o TES-1330ʾ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ʾ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ʾ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> ԴأлԴON/OFF> ֵأHOLDһΣ"H"ţܺLCDֵ֮նȲٰһHOLDأȡHOLDܲ²նȡ> ֵأPEAKһΣ"P"ţ׷ٹźţֵֵַ½ʣԼÿ101λٰһPEAKأȡPEAKܲ²նȡTES-1334д˿عܡ> LUXλأLUXһΣ"LUX"ţնֵLUXλʾ> fcλأfcһΣ"fc"ţնֵfcλʾ> Χأ o TES-1330ѡ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ѡ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ѡ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> á> ģDCѹ(ѡ)> ֧ܣ(ѡ)ġ> 򿪵Դ> ѡʺϲλ> 򿪹ͷǣԴ֮ˮƽλá> ȡնȼLCDֵ֮> ȡֵ֮λ"1"ʾʾӦѡϸߵλ> 趨20000LUX/fcλʱʾֵ×10Dzֵ趨200,000LUXλʱʾֵ×100Dzⶨֵ> ֵأѹHOLDһ£LCDʾ"H"ţʾֵѺһHOLDأȡֵܡ> ֵźţѹPEAKһΣLCDʾ"P"ţֵѺPEAKһΣظԡ> ɺ󣬽ͷǸǻأԴOFF塢ظ> صʱLCDϳ"BT"ָʾʾء> ƿвԶ֮Դͷָʾ򿪵ظǡӵؿȡµأһö9Vء> ϵظǡԣߡά> ڸ¡ʪ²> ʹʱ豣ָɾ> ԴԲο׼λܹˡ> Ȼʹʱ͡Уάֻȷȡˡֳնȱ׼ο> LUXնֵ10.76fcնֵ.ѡʵԶ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡձKONICA MINOLTA(Ῠܴ)Яʽɫ.Ŀǰгϳ۵Զ෱࣬ĿϾӡܵ˵ɰ¼֣ز֣ͬйģԻ¹ȣڵģϡ㶫㽭Ĵȣ̽Ӳ֣ͬл顢ӵԶȣ;֣ͬб䱶ˮҹӾŴ֣ͬеͱ2~5߲Ʒб7~10߱15~70 ѡԶʱĿм֣ô⼸˵ʲôأԾһ˵һ¡10×50mm5°ʾŴΪ10ᄉֱΪ50ףҰΪ5ȣ1000ҰΪ87.4ף˻ΪԽԽãʵȻŴҰȳɷȣŴԽҰԽСͲᄉֱԽ࣬ڹ߲ʱֱԽǿȻµԶЯôһ˵оʴӣֻҪȡ̣ͬԹһܺԶڴἸ㽨ԹѡԶʱΪοһ뵽ϻ򺣱Σ벻ҪǹһܷˮԶرЯϵмNIGULAϵзˮԶڶι۹⣬ɹһС߱䱶ܵԶ㵽ЩԶ۶ɽ֮̽”Σյش棬ǾӦùһܸ߱ԶģҪԻʱУùһܱ䱶Զ˵һʹ÷Ϊ䱶Զɴӵͱ𽥵߱ʹʱӦõͱҰдȻø߱СҰϸ۲졣ʹԶԶ۲Զһں¡ﶼŲɵ͹áеȴʹòͷۻŻµ ʹԶӦҪ㣺ڴŵԶʱҪϸһ£־ƬùҪøɾ鿴Ӷȵװú͵ͫ׼ӲǷװӶȷֻе۵ӶȲͬҪֱװֻʹÿֻ۾ؿͫ׼ʹľͼصһ𡣡۲ʱ̬Ҫ磬پӦƽȡþʱգ壬۲ʱ֧šȷĽӶλáͬͺŵԶͫ׾벻һ£۾Ҳ磬62ʽ8Զѽ۾Ȧѱ״̬ʱӶλýΪˣʱͫ׾Ϊ˺ס۲ĿꡣĿľ룬ֻ۲ԶĿ꣬Ӧھ۲ת뾵ڡȸԺȷ˳й۲졣ΪˣӦϤȷʹòֻͬӦλֻԾԶԣԱѸٵرĿλã߹۲Чʣþʱ䡣ѩ졢ǿ⡢Ȳͬ£ҪװӦ˹⾵ƬԼٰѩǿ۵Ĵ̼оijжȡʹôкйԶʱҪѺйοԱйľҷҰСӰ۲ЧƽʱҪƱܣֹ˾棬ࡢˬܳ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢҵռı׼Դ(һ) 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׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢеı׼۲ISO 3664 ɫʺܶȲӡˢжԸпƵij÷Ƕһͼ˵ЩصIJԷܴ۶ԶɫЧۡӡˢУҪǽͼͼԭбȽϣжɫʸƵĻԭ̶ȡ磬һƵIJɫͼɫۣõһַǽЩͼһԭͼԭʵ̶ȵĽۡ ɣӡˢжӡƷƽпƵĸѹ۲ӦӡƷĹ۲컷ʮĹ۲컷ˢԱͿͬ½ӡˢƷƷʼˡһ㲻̫ܣҪǣĹ۲ԭ塢ƬͬšӡˢƷֱӵĶԱȡΪڹԴع۲£ÿһֲϵɫʽֱӰͼЧǵıֳͬΪ˱ɫʸЧ⣬ڲƷƹʹȶĹ۲ʮֱҪġ۲컷Χڵ棬ɫҳں̶ܴӰŹ۲߶Թ۲Ľڵɫʸоƣʹñ׼۲й۲졣һĹ۲̨ڷӵijһ֡ԣԹ۲컷ĿʮҪΪȷеĸƻʹͳһĹ۲ƼͳһĹ۲׼ڱСڲɫӡˢƷƬĹ۲Ƽı׼ISO3664µİ汾1999Ƴ±׼Ƴ֮ǰѾ׼1975ġISO3664 ۲ɫ͸Ƭ͸ƷANSIġPH2.30-1989 ӡˢƷƬɫӡˢƷͶ伤ƷĹ۲йع۲׼ƼʮƣȫͬµISO3664׼ĸİ1994ĩʼģANSIЭʾп׼ΪANSI׼ӡˢƻУҪ֤ȶһµĹ۲¼ؼأ1ԴĹֲ2ԴķǿȺ;ȶ3۲컷۲컷ݣ4ȶ ISO3664°汾ҪƼ׼ͬʱп׼ڲɫĻϽͼ۲죬ͼƬչͼ͵ҲƼ˱׼ͬʱӡˢҵ1жISO3664Ĺ۲׼еĹؼĿ˽ܡ1˲ƼΪ˲ɫʾIJοƶ˹ԴĹֲܷԲɫʾָ˰׵ɫ̶ȡЩ˵Ǹ1976u’10’10UCSϵͳӾ۲õ2͸ӡƷбȽʱ͸ԴնͬӡƷ۲ƽնȱ2+-.213ɫʾĻӦСڻ32 lxһ㡴=64 lxʹáԴı궨׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡ1 ISO еָ۲ ISO۲ οɫ(1) ն ɫָ(CIE13.2׼) ͬɫָ(CIE51) ȶ(min:max) ķ/ն/ ӡƷļȽ(PI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 2000 lx+-500 lx(Ϊ+-250 lx) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 λø1mX1mƽ>=0.75 1mX1mƽ>=0.6 <60%(ӦΪԻҲ޷) ͸ֱӹ۲(TI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2(Ϊ160cd/m^2)(2) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: B >=0.75 5%-10%ˮƽ(ӦΪԻ,50mm) ӡƷʵ(P2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 500+-125 lx ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 >=0.75 <60%(ΪԻҲ޷) ͸ƬͶӰ۲(T2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2 ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪB >=0.75 ˮƽΪ5%-10%(ԻҲڸ50mm) ɫʾ D65Դɫ(0.025) 75 cd/m^2(Ϊ>100cd/m^2) _____ _____ _____ Իҡһڣ3 ׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡǰı׼УƥʹCIEɫָָӳһϵб׼ɫD50Դ±ֵɫʵʹ۲ԴµʾɫƳ̶ȡǴɫʾй׵ķߣUVϹϹЧҳʲӰ죬ǾͿʹ1795ı׼øˡǰ,ɫʹϵͳڴͼʱ,ʹ¼:ȾתơīȵȡЩʽʹͼɫʷЩʹõԭɫȼϣƥƬīӡˢɫЧʱǵķƥɫ߻ijЩطͻͬɫƥ䡣ͬɫƥĸɫı仯ʮСֻʹɫָԴѾˡ±׼бɫָһͬʱµı׼ӶȺUVɫָָCIE׼No.511981--۹ԴķЩʹ˸Ӹӵƥ׼һ궨һ궨UVֵԱϸĶʵʹԴCIE D50֡Ҳ˵±׼۲豸ṩȶĹ۲⽫Ϊ²ϻӫƶֽźīԶֵ⡣IJʾھɱ׼ΪǽϺõĹ۲豸󲿷Ҳͬ±׼ڱ׼綨豸ܴ,Ҫ Ի˵ƼָǿеģЩҪһĹһֽGATF/RHEMĹԴָʾڹ۲ȷʱԹ۲컷档װֱװڹ£ѹԱ۲컷ʮַ㡣ҪעǣGATF/RHEM˵۲ȷԡˮƽ±׼Ƽնȣն(P1)2000+-500 lx,ͱȽͼʱʹãն(P2)500+-25 lxģ۲ͼ׵۲졣ڱ׼ڼۺͱȽϷ޸ʮֱҪ磬ȽԭŵЧӡˢбȽϺͬźӡˢͼϸ΢ɫʲڴƼ׼ɴˣܹ۲һӦȣնˮƽı仯ҲͼıЧʮӰ졣Ϊģͼ۲컷ʹƼĵնˮƽ(P2)ȻճĹ۲еҲڱ仯DZ׼նѡƽ۲ǾдԵҵУնˮƽƼӦ˺ܴ顣̫նƼԣڱ׼֮󸽼ʾ˵ע“ǿȽͼϸЧ”ʱڸƽʱ۲ն½У⽫ڹ۲ͼϸ΢磺һźͬһӡˢܹ׵ıȽ֡ԣеŻͼȽϱP1½СǣڵһͼĽ׵ƺʵУĹ۲½С߶ͼĹ۲һµġȻĹ۲ǿ֪ܲٲ˽۲£ʹõ͵۲ģĹ۲Ҫȷͼİϸֱܹ档P2David McDowell֮һΪӦǿ¼ʵӦ÷⣺

򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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CHIPS]154ͷ۲ɫ56е޺ɫϵЯɫƱʽУͼļϿʵּһµɫʽɫ˳еִɫʣʹѡΪֱۡṩī䷽Ŀǰ빤̼ݡʹıֽţϳӡˢÿɫʾڰſ˺ʽɫƱĶҳʽҳӡˢҳɵҳΪҳװ䳣ɫʡص㣺ɫɫ㷺154ַ۲ɫ56޺ɫɫ˳ÿɫʶɶصPANTONEżʶɸҳϵĿ˺ʽɫƱFSC׼ıֽŲͨɫʹ[PANTONE COLOR MANAGER Software]ԱڳõӦóиPANTONEɫŵ㣺ִгɫʹõıЯʽҳʽɫ˳аʽڲɫʵһֲѡʹɫƱָѡɫʵ׼ȷɫʽÿɫƱṩӡˢ׼ɫʷΧҳʹӡˢϵɫʼ㡢׼ȷϵͳõȫPANTONEӪɵ֧pantone ”ͨ“·۲ɫ CUɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301 ԭװڣCUɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 590.00г: 850.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ TPXɫ PANTONE FGP100 ԭװڣTPXɫڷ֯Ҿװεҵ㷺ʹá10꾭רҵ 860.00г: 1200.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONEͨɫ GP4001 CMYK - ֽͭ&ֽ µPLUSϵͳCMYKָ[PLUS SERIES CMYK Guide]2,868ɫʣɫʽ԰ɫ˳УʹɫʹɸΪѡɫΪֱۡЩָDzοͿ塢ʶ߽硢ͼɫЧ빤ߡ 1050.00г: 1390.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ ɫ ͨɫӰ PANTONEӰ 113̳ǣɫṩPANTONE PMSȫϵɫӰPantone? Matching System Color Chart PMS Colors Used For PrintingѷУ 0.00г: 0.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 10ڴרҵ 7150.00г: 11800.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ Cɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301C() ԭװڣCɫɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 380.00г: 550.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱȹϲDZҵչʮѸ٣طҹDZҵ״༰ԭ ϲDZҵչʮѸ٣һЩؼͲƷͻƣҹ񾭼÷չĶԡԺͰȫԶԶӰ졣 1 ״ Ŀǰ󲿷ֹDZƷļˮƽڹϾʮڵˮƽе͵ƷƷֻȫܹȶ磬繤DZڹгռʴ 95% 13% Ʒڡÿñ 700 ̨ 90 ңе͵ñIJռܲ 80% иߵƷѽӽˮƽڹӦü棬Ѿܹеһֹش󹤳DZϵͳ׹ 60 ǧ߻飬 350 / װã 20000m 3 /h շװá˵վ浺ϵͳȣʼѹش󹤳ȫ⹫˾¢ϵľ档ڸ߼ԶDZϵͳѧԪȲƷľϣDZҵ϶൱ľء˵ 2003 DZгʢѸ١ܵվʩ̡סլ͹гůӰ죬ҵԶDZϵͳDZˮüDZе͵ѧѸ١ͳƾֺйҵͳƣ 2003 DZܶΪ 921 Ԫͬ 25.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 174 Ԫͬ 29.9% ѧΪ 154 Ԫͬ 40.18% ԼΪ 16 Ԫͬ 35.6% ܼDZΪ 180 Ԫͬ 36.3% ҽ 80 Ԫͬ 11.9% ݹҺغйҵͳƣ 2003 ꣬ҹDZҵƷֵ 29.4 Ԫͬ 52.6% 2003 DZĽڽΪ 91.5 Ԫͬ 67.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 16.7 Ԫѧʵ͹ѧΪ 28.8 ԪҽΪ 10 ԪݣйDZ 2003 гΪDZ 2003 ܶ–DZ 2003 ܶ + 2003 DZĽڽ = 921 – 29.4 × 8.3 + 91.5 × 8.3 = 921 – 244.02 + 759.45 = 1436.43 ԪԪıȼ = 1: 8.3 ˣԺŵ˵ҹDZĶ֮һɽڲƷģʵռ 52.87% ⹫˾еƷԼؼ㲿ռ˹ 60% ϵгݶͺ͸߾ȵDZȫڡ 2IJ IJҪڣ ƷĿɿԽϲԻ칤յоһЩӰɿԵĹؼ羫ܼӹܷ⼼Ӽûеõܺý²ƷرǸߵƷܲȶͿɿйڸߵƷĿɿָ꣨ƽ޹ʱ䣩ƷȣҪ 1 2 ƷܡйڲƷڲҪƷ 1 ڹϣĿǰƷ̶ܻ൱ߣͨԭʼϢִõųⲿŶϢӰ죬˲ƷͻԺͲʵԡвƷ̶ܻȻϵ͡⣬Ʒ绯ڹѾʵý׶Σҹϴ𲽽׶Ρ ƷµƷĸڴԼ 2 3 ꡣ¼ĴǰʮꡣҹҵͨʵһƷĸ£ֲܺܺգ²ƷԭԳɹ١һЩԭIJƷҹڿհ״̬Ժڸ¼Ȼгɹҵϲҵ൱ѡ ȱʹöרýDZķչǿDZӦöܽϵƷûṩԻĽ 60 ǧ߻Ļܼ͹յŻרҽͼδȡҹҵⷽδγɲҵ 2.2 ҵۺʵIJ ҵۺʵIJҪڣ ҵģСDZҵֵܲϵ͡ǾСھеıҲС 2003 DZֵܲռֵ GDP 0.82% ڹҵֵܲ 1.79% ҵҼͱ׼оԺ NIST ıƣ 90 DZҵֵռҵֵܲ 4% DZҵҵСҵȫҵйģҵ 1887 ۶ 10 ԪIJ 15 ҵְΪ 51 ȱۺʵǿ“콢”ҵҵĵƷгǿȱۺʵ϶гſ⡣ˣг洦ơҵȱ͹̵Ĺ ҵͶʵ͡DZڸ߿ƼҵͶɱòԡҵˮƽձҵˣ߼ƷҵͶԶҵ ҵͶձ鲻㡣ڹҵȫССҵ涼֧㹻ġڵļͶ롣ԿѧΪһ⹫˾ĿͶռ۶ 10% ҹռ 3% 3ϲҪԭ лƲӦг÷չҪڷչĹУһͶʵĹǸҵٲƷϻԱʧϾ棬뾭Ӫѣһƴ¡ҵ𲽳Ϊµ㣬δȽļ³ɹ٣˾⡣ ѧСڣãлϵƺûγɡDZǵ֪ʶܼܼͲƷڸ߿ƼչǶָ¼ںϵۺ壬ˣѧСõлϾԵʮҪָΪսˮƽظγɺȱЧгɹҵʵ͵Ȼʮͻ ȱǿо֧ԮơDZҵƷֶࡢСҪڵġֲиͶ롣ĿǰͶͶЧ治ѡͶ;ɢԼص㡣ѡоɹĹ͸вơҵȲȫгù뾺ȱоԴսͶʡ¼гҪгٵȹսԡ ⣬ȱ߲εĸ˲źϤͨѧƽۺ˲ţҲɲһҪԭ򡣵Ӽɫϵͳķչɫԭ īɫӰӡˢƷĹؼָ֮һˣīĵͳӡǰزٵĹɫĻԭɫʺϳɫΪɫϵͷʽõͬɫɫЧŵӼķչԴ洢ݣиɫѧܶԴīݼɫֵдͨ˻Իɫٶȿ졢ȸߣӡˢ򣬿ʹɫʹִ һɫķչص 1.ɫķչ ڹҵңɫйصҵ֯ӡȾȾϡϡͿҵɫӹīҵձüɫϵͳΪƷƼ۵ߣռʺܸߡ磬Ĺѧ˾ƿ˸˱˹ī䷽Ink Formulation4.0Ϊӡӡˢӡˢתӡҵƾȷ䷽Զ䷽ͨٶȿص㣬ܹƵͳɱ䷽ڽѺã֤䷽ȷһƵijɹʡ 10ҹ½˸ͺŵɫϵͳȡЧIJࡣƵŷӹҵصΪɫƷȶڼӹҵȻԼص㣬ɫƷʵȶԲһЩĿǰɫϵƷֲϸ£ͻĴӿ֣еɫϵͳԴȱĵɫϵͳʵӦѡ оԺ1984꿪ʼоɫϵͳУ˼άʽɫǹڱȽɫøϵͳܼ۸Ϊϵͳ1/3ڻףܼ۸Ϊڵ1/2ϵͳ70ʹãȾϡӡȾëġ֯ᡢī𽺡ֽɫйصҵ⣬ѧƿ˲òɫܶȼܶȵɫϵͳƹӦõķ㷺ԡĿǰķչ̬ɫѾΪδīɫеһҪɲ֡ 2.ɫص 1Լɫʱ䣬ͳɱɫЧʡ 2ڽ϶̵ʱڼ䷽ 3īɫݿ⣬Ҫʱʹá 4㡣 5ɫ䷽ɫļɼʾӡɫҲʽС 6ϵͳ磺ӳϵͳСߣΪʽӡƷӡƷϵͳκ쳣ʱͻͣٲҪ˷ѡ ɫԭϵͳ 1.Kubelka-Munkۼ K-M1931ֱ1958ſʼɹڷ֯ӡȾҵӡˢҵӦøʼ2070ձȹҿļɫϵͳԲۡ ͨK-M۵һϵƵɫĺʽ䵼ʽ K/S=(1-r)2/2r r=K/S+1-[(K/S+1)2-1]1/2 ʽrµķʣKΪϵ޺ƽУɢ΢ԪȽʲԹʣSΪɢϵ΢ԪȶԹɢʡ ĿǰΪֹɫCCMĻԭȻK-MۡӾƥ䷽׷ɫɫƽ㷨ȶK-MΪġK-MʵӦУۼʵ֮䳣ֲ죬ԭɹΪء K-M۱һļƵġ һɫΪxһ΢Ԫdxʱǽķ䣬ضӦø۵ɫǽûָͬĽУΪʹ򻯶Խϲָͬ㷨 ڶdxɫxڵһ΢Ԫ㣬ϵɢϵʹʱΪɫͬȵģּٶӦͻϡ ɫڵɫǻеģʹɫڵĹճΪһɢʽȫûɢЧӦУͨʵӦУڱƬʽͻĤУˮƽʱͨͨٶƻ ģڱɫϣɢѾɫڲڰɫ൱ĹɢǰѱգЩɫĹɢ״̬ʹʵֽϴ졣 ӡˢҵīЧʱ뿼ǹϿ໥üīʡʵӦУӦ˵K-Mа˫ֱΪϵKɢϵS,īԹɢʵɢȿԺԣīijɫԭҪīԹѡգīīȼīŨȵӰ졣K-MԲ͸Ϊǰģӡˢʹõī͸Ի͸ԵģˣK-Mкܴ㡣 2.ֵ̼мīɫ (1)ֵ̼ɫ ĿǰĵɫϵͳʹõѧģK/SΪK/SľԺӡˢҵص㣬ֵ̼ɫķ÷ʹK/Sֵʵȱɫֵָ̼꣬Ϊɫָꡣ K/S۵ĻҲɽֵ̼ɫҪֶνK/SֵŨȵݿ⣬оֵ̼Ũ֮Ĺϵֵ̼ٷֱ֮ĹϵӡˢУתֵ̼ٷֱ֮ķҪŦ鱤תþ仯תͲòұתѡɫ׽ұת(2)ֵ̼ɫԭ CIE׼ɫѧϵͳκȻɫùֵ̼XYZʾĿǰȽIJɫѡɫϵͳκɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ʾɫԭҪͬɫԭɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ֱȣΪͬɫ ɫ׽IJұֵ̼ɫīٷֱ֮Ĺϵijɫīabcӡɣīٷֱȷֱlmnīabclmnīռ(1-l)+(1-m)+(1-n)ɫϵͳCIE׼ԴD65ĺ10°ӳµݽм㣬ͬʱCIELABɫʽΔEab=[(ΔL)2+(Δa)2+(Δb)2]1/2׼ɫɫ֮ɫ ǿԿֵ̼мɫʹɫضԴµɫݱʾɫֵ̼ī֮ڶӦĹϵɫ䷽ǷҪ (3)ֵ̼ɫ ɫ׸ɫֵ̼͸īٷֱݿ⡣ɫʱĿɫֵ̼뵽ϵͳУϵͳī䷽ԤɫīԺٲֵ̼ɼɫʽɫһָѸƳϸͬɫɫ ɫʸƵҪϣݹұ׼ͬɫװӡˢƷɫΔE*abȷҪ󣬱ѡΔE*ab≤3 ɫװ˳Ĵ󲿷ɫɫڵɫֱӲҵõīȣɫڵɫԲȡɫҵɫСɫȻͨԲֵ⡣ 3.ɫϵͳ 1ɫϵͳĹ ɫϵͳǼɫǡɫϵͳһִ豸ɫĻǽɫīɫԤȴڵУȻЩīɫĻϱԴﵽԤ䷽Ŀġ 2ɫϵͳ ټɫϵͳӲ ʹWindowsϵͳӲ̴洢ռ20MBֹܶȼƣɫס ڼɫϵͳ ˵ʾɫϵͳиĿ¼ʹ߶Ըɫһŵʶʹ߸ԼĿĶĿ¼ʾijѡ͵á ļʹMicrosoftAccessݿļ˫ɫӡɫӡרɫӡ3֡ļļĽݴּ䷽洢 ䷽㼰 ô˳ɫ׼֮ɫ죬ɫѡ䷽䷽ ɫϵͳнǿ˻Իܣ߿ԸݼĻϵʾӦIJݾܵõҪī䷽ ɫһ漰ɫۡīֽšյȶ෽ĸӵļ̣ɫ׽ֵ̼ɫ˷K-M۵ľԣʺӡˢҵص㣬ɫԱĸ˲Ʒɫɫٶȡȣ˾Ч档ȻкܶƵĵطڲͬԴ½ֵ̼ɫɫͬɫɫ׵׼ȷкܴĹϵȡżIJϸ¡ĸӾܡѧIJӿֺͲϵ𽥹淶ݻɫȻʾޱȵԽԡ113վ11317.comΪӦҵķչûҪŶӵŬڸİˡ˴θİʱһ£dzվۣд11317.comΪҵѡվڻڶB2Bվӱ113վλΪɫΪҵѶרҵΪɫۺϵƽ̨һĿ滮 A гλ ɫҵѡվ B Ŀ ʵ۲Уϡϳ C ƷƼֵ ֪Ʒ——ۡĿͻ A Ŀͻ (ܽӡī֯װӡȾӡˢֽƷʳƷҽҩױƷѧӰԵҵԼСѧУʵҵ) B Ŀͻվ A (ɫDzƷչʾ) B (ɫҵѶ) C (ɫǼ) D (ɫ)ġҪϷ A () B(λ) C (̼) D (ҵϢ) E(ҵ¿Ƽ) Fҵչᡢᣩ GѵϢ HԴأ Iѯ J KɫǶƷ Lά޼3nhΪɫҵıˣŹƽٽƷƵķչDZҵչȫȼۣȫΪû룬ҵùƷ𲽹ʻTILOɫɫ (Ϳϡϡ𽺡ҵɫר)ݿ ? ɼÿ֧ϵԺ;KSֵ ? ϻϵԼɫ ? ͬŨȼɫȱȽ ? ɫϵȷԣʾϵ ? ɷ޳Ũ/ɫ ? 趨ϵĸ/ʹŨ ? 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X-Rite׹һ걣ޣά޷йڹѧ֮սеĹѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 19369£ィϾ·һʱľΪʱͬʱֹѧijィ193781գѧڰˮŲݳ幤ʽ̿ãսȫ汬ϾΣ827ձ֪ͨͣﱸ˵Ĵַ׼ǨĴ99ձʽ֪ͨﱸѧǨĴ1112գտܹռϺﱸӽǨ 27ճﱸȫԱ豸Ǩ졣 ڵѡַĹԱ켰ܱʮصп죬ⶨżϪΪѧַḮʱ12µ׿ʼװ豸ѵˡɳԱΪѧġ19381£´ŷ޷أά㱨ʿɵļĿǵʱغҪۿڶѱվŷ޹豸ֻ˵ԽϺۣٴӵԽ·˵͹̵ĸӼʪʺϹѧĵͱ棬άѧǨǰɺԽ·˵ľеʵĽˡܡת˵ȹͬʱ׼ﱸǨˡ2£µ˿ӴΪѧַʼƽ쳧ͰǨװ1938 9£ͻ豸װѽ깤߱˿ﱸ棬19391ʽ,19381227վ׼ڶʮ193911գйһùѧ——ڶʮʽγͬרԱ ԭƻʮ쳧ӱΪһ쳧ԶԶΪڶ쳧ԶʵʩسļĿԶΪʮ¼˵ܱΪԶѡַ෽Աȣ̲򿿽йһˮվ——ʯˮվˮ͹ȽϷ㣬ȺɽƣΣΪԶijַӷտǣԶijɽУ̽ҲԿɽΪͬʱѡַںڵĻʮһؽڣΪպϲ˷ʡ йڹѧԱ19391£Զʼ6×30˫ͲԶ1940Զװһ80cmֲԶ1940վں½͹ѧĵ¹ֱۣŴӢĹѧڵк¹DZͧʧѧļȱʹԶԳԶƹѧٵȻ׼ȺƳµؿ˺ͷʽȻ׼вʽ׼ΪʽװͶΪйԼĵһڱʽѧ 1940107գջпϮԶ⵽ըᡢֿе46ʧأͣڵڶռʮɢȫ豸ǨԶΪʹǨ˳³͵19414ǨĻ豸װͶ7ȫ깤Ǩȫɡ 194111£վںر׼ϣʮǨ׼ͬ12£ͻȻʮһͶʮڣΪٻԼѡͳһָΪɣʽȻͬıϲΪʮ1942Ԫʮγǹ͹ѧǿв˵ǿҲ֮ìأڲϵЭ19424£ǹְչΪɧҡȻ¶þǿд˸¼ȴһӾڲìܡ 19425£վص幫·ģ53չ4չֱ꣬ƻͨ5գʮѧֵ豸ԱǨϾƣͷǰӣŽһ¹ͬ⣬˳ȹ˲ĥڡʮսʤջըƵԭϼѷ۸ǵ£˷ѣ6×30˫ͲԶ11250ߣ80cmԶ392ߣʽȻ׼ 2608ߣݿʽǹ15108ָͦ31310ߣ֧Ԯ˿ս սʤʮ۷ǡǿάŲҵľӪΪ֧Ʒ80cmԶ6×30˫ͲԶȺ󱻱ͣ19461949꣬ʽͲԶƵͳһʽȻ׼졣19503ţܻ˶ԹĽӹܡźʮΪԭȵĶʮʮһʮҲǺϹѧΪйѧҵķԴأ彨ʱڣ˴Ĺѧ˲ţΪйѧҵķչ˾޴ס սеĹѧйѧҵ޵еʷת䡣ȻʱйѧƷԷΪṹ򵥣Ҫ޷Ըȴйѧҵ¼ԪΪһչ˷ḻľ飬˼ʵĻ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧѧ˾Ĺ˿ͷ֮ͻȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ ͻԱ˼⣺1ѹʱܷ侲˼2پ޴ѹʱܷ񱣳ֹֻ۵̬ȣ3˷ʱǷֻȥۣƽ͵ؽͻش⣻4ѹʱܷطж⣻5ѹʱܷر6ѹʱǷԸЭ⣻7ѹʱǷֻעĸܣδԷΧ˵ĸܣͬͻд򽻵ͻĵһԶǴͻУзҲǹһ֡1Ը<1>ͻ/<2>ͻķԸ̬оƷ<3>ͻÿһνΪ“˲”<4>ƫ;ֹ2<1>ʾעУʾͬ<2>——ְҵ;Ʒߵ<3>˫ϵ飻<4>ֶԿͻԼеͬ<5>߿ͻ/飻<6>ڿʼκ֮ǰ봦С3е<1>߿ͻ–עڱҪʱͻ˵IJƷ–ͬʱҪ߿ͻ,ƷĿͻ¼,˭Ӵȫṩ<2>ͻȷ֤㽫/⣻<3>ȷõͻĽ<4>ʹ“”“”<5>ԳС⼼ɣ1жϿͻʵ-͹-ȷʲô-ܱ©-ʹú-û-Ե-ͨ©-ԭ-ȷԭжϿͻʵ-ڿͻԭ޷ʱ׼ȷṩ2ж3ȷеĺܱܵĽͽ4ûֵ<1>ͬһ⣬ͬͻвͬ<2>ͻⱾжϿͻֵķ֮<3>ֵʱͻʱҪͻֵ<4>ע⣺A. 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UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ20W CWF ̵Դ(Cool White Fluorescent) ɫ£4150K ʣ20W Judge II ڶɫ 2TILO T-5ر׼Դɫ 䱸D65,TL84,CWF,F,UVֹԴ 30Kg (xx)710x405x570 mm ѡԴɢ 45ȱ׼̨ õƹܺ ŵ ʾÿֹԴʹʱʱ ԴԶл߱ͬɫ׹ Ԥȣɱ֤ٶɿɫ ܺС(ɢ)Чʸ Ӣ׼ùԴ Сʹ÷㣬ͻʹ Դ Դ˵ D65 ʱ׼˹չ ɫ£6500K ʣ18W TL84 ŷޡձй̵Դ ɫ£4000K ʣ18W CWF ̵Դ ɫ£4150K ʣ18W F ͥƵõơɫοԴ ɫ£2700K ʣ40W UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ18W TILO T-5ر׼ԴɫǶӡˢƷҪԽԽߣɫӡˢijЩѾ㲻˴ڶɫʵҪӡˢǣרɫӡˢ ˵רɫͲòPANTONE׼ͼPhotoshopIllustratorﶼǶPANTONEרɫ⡣ͬʱ֧ܶרɫʹõרɫҲPANTONE׼PANTONEɫƥϵͳPANTONE MATCHING SYSTEMǺӡˢ֯ܽͼƼɫʹͨϵͳɫԵķʽͳһӡˢѾΪɫʵı׼ԣΪװӡˢҵīҵṩ˿١ݵɫɫ׼ʹPANTONE׼ĺô1ɫʱʹݼ򵥡κεطĿͻֻҪָһPANTONEɫţֻһӦPANTONEɫͿҵɫɫӡƷУͻҪɫƷ2ȷÿӡˢɫౣһ¡ͬһӡˢӡˢڲͬӡˢӡͬһרɫɱһ£ƫɫ3ѡش1000רɫʦ㹻ѡءʵϳϢʦƽʱõרɫֻռPANTONEɫеһС֡±4ӡˢԼɫʡȥɫķա5ɫിĿ͡PANTONEɫƥϵͳɫݿʿأCarlstadtPANTONEܲ蹤ͳһӡƵģܱ֤طеPANTONEɫȫһ¡ңյĸԺӡˢ⣬û˵˷ƻð40ķչPANTONE˾IJƷ㷺Ӧأ˵ҪɫʹͨĵطʹPANTONEɫƥϵͳԿῨܴPANTONEɫƥϵͳǹóбزٵҪߡPANTONEרɫ䷽ָϡPANTONE׼ɫֽ/ֽͭPANTONE formula guide coated/uncoatedPANTONEɫϵͳĺģdzáȽϴPANTONEƷͨ2004רɫ䷽ָϣʹPANTONEרɫɫûṩһοPANTONEɫ־1114רɫɫʶעΩһıźβ룬ӡˢֽͭϵרɫΪɫÿ˵1.PANTONEɫPANTONE Basic Colorsòְ14PANTONEɫգ14ֻɫǴԭɫīԵһϣɫϣϸߵİٷֱȺƶɣмߵɫŨȺɫȣǵרɫīĻAdobe2.PANTONEɫPANTONE Process ColorsòгPANTONEɫCMYKPANTONEɫϵͳPANTONEƳĻCMYKɫʹ淶ϵͳCMYKɫʱʱ3000ɫ3.PANTONEɫPANTONE HexachromeǽΪϸ߱ɫʣHi-Fi ColorƵɫϵͳCMYKɫרɫȼרɫ̹6ɫ϶ɣܴԼ90% PANTONEרɫƥ䣬ʹҪúܶרɫſɴﵽЧ6ɫϱɡ߱ɫһƵۺϵͳеƷУϵͳʹƷܴǰδеĹɫ4.PANTONEɫⲿרɫdzõPANTONEɫɫ󲿷ֹ˾ı־ɫⲿҵī䷽ԷͰٷʱʾܹCMYKɫӡʽģõɫʶӡ˱־ⲿֵĶרɫCMYKɫģõ5.PANTONEɫͰɫϵСⲿרɫɫרɫIJ䡣д󲿷ֵרɫCMYKɫģõ6.PANTONEdzɫϵСⲿΪ͵ɫЧƵһϵרɫԼ85%רɫCMYKɫģõ7.ʹɫⲿɫӳ߶רɫҪרɫչԼɫ׳н80%ϵרɫCMYKɫģ⡣8.ӫɫͽɫ14ӫɫ14ֽɫ28ɫ޷ͨCMYKɫģõǿ֪ġ2004רɫ䷽ָӡڽֽϵPANTONEרɫֵרɫɫӡֽͭϵרɫɫͬҪ˵ǰװеPANTONE 256 C PANTONE 256 UʾͬһרɫīPANTONE 256ΩһġPANTONE 256 CʾPANTONE 256ӡڹֽͭϵЧӦı׼ӦǹֽͭcoatedרɫָɫPANTONE 256 UʾPANTONE 256ӡڽֽֽϵЧӦı׼Ӧǽֽ(uncoated)רɫָɫֿרɫָϵɫܻɫɫӡˢΪ˱֤׼ȷɫʴݣÿרɫָϡһPANTONEרɫɫ۵㶼ԾɻµҵĿǰ°汾PANTONE׼ɫ2005ֽֽͭװ°汾ɫӡˢֽǰ汾ףɫ2004ƫ䣬رdzɫ鲿ָΪԡ÷װ͹ʹÿͻͬʱֿԷֱһ40ǰӡˢӡӹһЩ˾ʶӡˢīɫͳһҪԣӶPANTONE˾רŴӡˢɫʵı׼оռĿǰѾչ֯ܽرӡˢPANTONE׼ѾصʦӡˢʿձáһӡˢƷϰʹPANTONE׼רɫӶ֤ӡˢƷɫʵͬһԡڹҲսռáһܶȼƲԭܶȼú졢̡ɫƬɫ⣬ͨīɫķ䣬õࡢƷ졢ֽɫɫܶȡɫܶȶīijɫԣӳijīͶȵֵʵӦУղĿͬñ׼խɫƬͬ׷ΧܶȣˣܶȼƵIJΪխӡˢҵгõܶȲʽΪɫƬ߽Ͽ졢̡໥棬ɵɫɫƬвɫͨխɫƬԹ׵ѡԽǿԣխֵܶϿֵҪߡܶȼԭͼ1ܶȼƲīĹ׷ʺ󣬿ͨɹʽ1īܶȡʽρinkΪ1īպʣಹɫķʣSikλΪԴĹֲrikλΪ̽Ĺȣτ(λ)ΪɫƬĹ͸ʣP(λ)ΪīԸĹ׷ʡ½űͬηΧֱӦͬηΧĺ졢̡⣬ӦࡢƷ졢īܶȣϽűkӦͬηΧڲͬĹֲʽӦͬӦʽõܶȡɫܶȼƵӦʽеܶȼƶʹöϵȷܶȣԵIJϵͳеӦʽɫƬ̽ܶȼڽĶϵͬĻõܶȶҲͬΪ˲ʱбҪܶȼӦʽͳһӦʽĹ涨ǰ׼ӦơУ׼ĽΪܶȼṩһµܶȡ1.ӦʽڲɫܶȲУܶȼʾIJֵȡܶȼʹõĹԴֲSik(λ)̽ĹrikλɫƬĹ͸τ(λ)ߵĹ׳˻ΪܶȼƲӦ÷∏ʾԲӦϸ涨ú졢̡ⶨֻܶһܶȼеģͬһɫṩĶֱӺһܶȼĶȽϡΪ˽йʡʼĽͱ׼ܶȼʵƣͳһˣʱ׼֯ISOұ׼ѧᣨANSIɫƬܶӦʽĹ涨X-Rite500ϵܶȼеTGEIӦʽʱ׼֯ISO涨ܶȼϵͳӦĶֵlg∏ﵽijӦ涨ֵܶȼƲõݼΪӦܶȡ2ΪTӦʽӦĶֵֻг̹ӦĶֵlg∏TGTӦ涨ܶȼƣõݼΪTӦܶȡ2TӦʽӦֵҹӡˢҵвõĺ졢̡䲨ηΧڵֲҪ󣬶ӦӦʽΪTӦʽTӦʽУ̽Ĺrik(λ)CIEֵ̼ƣɫӾغصתֵڱ׼TӦʽӦDZ׼δֻ֪īԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ˣͬʵɫòͬͺܶȼõı׼TӦܶӦȵģ֤ܶȲһԡ2.Ӧܶȵļݹʽ1ͣ2ԽƷī̹TӦܶùʽ3ʽУλɰҪȡ10nm20nmȡΪ20nm∏TGֵɱ2̹ӦĶֵig∏TGó𲨳∏TGƷīԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ij˻ֵ33∏TG׷ρ(λ)ij˻ɱ3еõ∏TG∏TG.ρ(λ)ֵ빫ʽ3ɵƷīTӦܶȡӦʽ㷽TӦơ(4)ʵX-Rite518ƫƬӦʽTGEIԴ׼ԴAɫ2856K׷Χ400nm-700nm׾3.4mm45°/0°(ANSI&ISO׼)״DRS24棬31㱨档ţӡˢCMYʵɫ顣ȫУ׼X-Rite518ΪͬӦʽֱʵɫܶȲ2ʾɱ2ûӦʽܶ߼ͼ24ӦʽIJTab.2measurementdataofconventionalresponsemodesͼ2Ӧʽܶͼ2֪TGEӦʽDCDMֵһ£ֻǻīܶTӦIӦΪTGEӦʽʹõǿɫƬɫƬ糣õ׵25ɫƬ׵47ɫƬGӦʽΪɫӡˢտӦTӦʽƣֻǶڽŨĻɫīȽУԲDrֵϴ󣬶EӦʽʹ׵47BխɫƬԶڻɫīõDrGӦӦʽIANSIƶһխӦʽˣгӦʽУIӦõܶǻīֵܶTӦ߳36.8īȵϸ΢仯ҲŴ36.8%Ӧʽڼʱīȵı仯ɫΪɫӾһֿоڻƽ⣬ɫУʱӦѡTӦʽΪĿܶȼƣڲīȡӡʺʱխܶȼƣ߾ȷȡġΪʵͼƵı׼ܶȼھȫУ׼󣬱Ӧʽȷѡֻʵֲݵһԣǽб׼ݽǰᣬҲʵͼƼ׼ĹؼڡձῨܴȨ֤Ϻ޿޹˾µϺ˾̩·Ƽ޹˾£ҵɵı׼ԴҵͨISO9001ϵ֤ձῨܴ2006꿪ʼһֱȨ˾༭113̳նȼƵʹ÷ԭ նȼ(տ˹)һרŲȡȵDZDzǿ(ն) 屻ij̶ȣҲõĹͨ뱻֮ȡնȼͨػغ΢ɡնȼƲԭ: ǰѹֱתɵܵĹԪ䵽رʱ͸Ĥ4뵼2ͽĤ4ķֽϣڽϲЧӦλĴСܹϵնһıϵʱ·ͻеֵͨտ˹LxΪ̶ȵ΢ָʾĴСȡǿͻ·еĵ衣նȼб䵵װã˿ԲնȣҲԲնȡ նȼƵࣺ1.Ŀնȼƣʹò㣬Ȳߣʹá2.նȼƣնȼƺ͹նȼơնȼƵʹҪ󣺡1.:΢ŦڡءV(λ)˹ɡ(Se)ػ(Si)նȼ,ֳտ˹2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵնȼƵʹò裺ٴ򿪵Դڴ򿪹ӣˮƽڲλáѡʺϲλʾֻʾ“1”ʾնȹҪ̼նȼƿʼʾʾնֵʾʾݲϵر䶯ʾݱȽȶʱHOLDݡ޶ȡ¼ʾĹ۲ֵ۲ֵڶʾֵij˻磺Ļʾ500½ʾ״̬Ϊ“×2000”նȲֵΪ1000000lx500×2000ٰһأȡֵܡÿһι۲ʱβ¼ÿһβɺ󣬰µԴؼжϵԴϹӣŻغնȼһҪ: С (Compact SizeLight Weight)նȼʹõĻdz㷺õʱҲڲͬijԿЯʽСΪնȼƵĵһȾ ׼ȷȩzAccuracy{նȼƵݬ񣬺׼ȷоԵĹϵȻҲļ۸ϢϢأԺļ۸׼ȷȽϸߵնȼʵбҪһ±15%Ϊˡ ɫʲ zColor Compensation{ԴЩƫزϳĵĺɫϵѹ 򲨳϶ɫϵDaylightչƣҲзֲȽƽ׳ϵУͬһնȼƶԲͬIJȿвͬʶȵIJҪ ҲzCosine Compensation{Ҷ֪ԴǶйءͬĵնȼʱӦzSensor{ԴǶȻնȼƵĶֵӰ졣һõնȼǷҲĹʵڲɺԡնȼע2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵơնȼƵãնǵеĹϵĹգɷֹ¹ʵķ֮Ĺ߿ƣ͵ij̶ԶԶ۾ıˣʻϲ¹ʺƣ͵Ҫԭ֮һͳϱְҵͶ¹Լ30ֱӻ߲ɵġݣĹҪǷdzϸģչǿӰЧôǾסڶնȵѧҪأնѧһʮҪָꡣָ۾оĵŷ䣬߽۾ɲ֪ΪӾĹָɼ⣬䲨Χ380760nmף֮䡣ĿǰɹɷΪȻɹ˹ԴࡣȻɹָں͵ȻնȣֱӵչɢΧķ⣬òɹϵȻնȱʾɹϵָɹڵЧڵ֮ȡһסլIJɹϵ15115֮䣬ס18110֮䣨ڵȻնϵȻնˮƽǷӳڵĺͬʱĹϵҲӳعȻԴնָܺͣΪ˵Ĺҹƶйڣնȵ׼ڹ̳꣩ն׼≥100Lxͼݡݡݡչ̨նȵ׼≥100Lxԡն׼≥50Lxԡңܡءԡ≥30Lxɣԡ≥30Lx.йնȵı׼¹Ƽֶǿ칫Ұ鹤Ϊ300Lx֣ͼΪ750LxڹϵӾնҪΪ1000LxƵꡢΪ200LxӴ㡢ɹΪ200Lx̵ijΪ15002000LxҽԺΪ150200LxΪ500LxѧУΪ400700LxʳáڽΪ300LxȡնȴСIJһնȼƲնȼƿɲͬǿȣԿɼⲨκ߲εIJṩ׼ȷIJ֮ն彡Ƕ۾ıżҪѧ塣?ӣhttp://www.11317.com/article-1474.htmlתע113̳ǽ۾ѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ1ѧĿ֪ʶ뼼ܢ֪۾ijԭԽۺԶ۵ij˽⣬֪͸ԸıλôӶﵽĿġ֪͹͸ܳСʵԭƳɵġdz˽΢ԶĽṹá뷽ȹ۲۾Զ۾ľƬо־Ƭáʵʲѧա΢۲΢С壬Զ۲Զ壬ѧӦIJֵ̬ۢ˹͹͸ʵеӦãѧ֪ʶؼᷢչӰ졣ǿʶע2̲˵ҪУ˽۾ĽṹԭۺԶ۵ijо۾Զ۾ã˽Ļṹͳԭ˽΢ԶĽṹãѧʹ΢Զչݣ۾۾΢Զǰѧ͸֪ʶʵеӦáˣݶѧ͹͸Ĺɣѧй֪ʶĸʶѧѧϰȤϵʵʵѧ̬ȣγɽѧ֪ʶʶȣҪ塣ڵıд˼·ǣѧȽϤԭֽΪ򵥵۾ʼȽ۾ģԼۺԶ۵ijô˽ۺԶνأΪʲô۾ľƬǰ͸Զ۾ľƬ͹͸“1”оЩѧȽϹĵ⡣۾ľ׼ȷر֣Ƿ“Ӱı”Ļṹͳԭ΢ԶҲ͸ԭƳɵģִѧогõľ˵ǵijȽϸӣԱڽ̲ѧʶ΢Զͳ̲Ĺ͹͸ɵӦãһֻܷŴ󾵡ͶӰǡŶý弼IJϷչʽͶӰʹԽԽ٣й֪ʶѧչ˵ʵüֵԱ̲ûнͶӰǣ۾۾΢ԶԼǿγѧִƼϵڽѧص㣺ˮƽߣѽǧ򻧣۾ѧأѧЩ֪ʶѧ˵νã۾DZڽѧص㡣ڽѧѵ㣺ûµ͹ɣֻչԵؽ͸֪ʶʵеӦãΪʶ˽֪ʶѶȲȶԣۺԶ۵ijͽҪѧ˼еĵDZڽѧѵ㡣3ѧ鱾ݶΪʶ˽֪ʶѧۡʵоȷʽнѧý̲ġͼý塢ʵȽѧԴѧ˽͸Ĺ㷺Ӧã ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧ13죬TILOϺֹ˾ҵӢɽ 2011422-24գTILOϺ˾Ϊף13꣬Ϻֹ˾ҵӢǰɽΡ಻Ⱥɽ“ɽɽ”ȻɽľƺʯɡȪرλþһʤա ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 1 Ӣˬӭ ӭͦ嶫࣬ⶴϣʯ˰ꡣʼɽָϡ10ңؾ64ףؾ75ף֦¸25סǧв76׵֦չǰǡһλÿ͵ˣչ˫ۣ黶ӭɽɱΪɽɵĴ̬ԾҶǣͦΣɰʫԻ“ɰǰľɣɫʡ˫۴ӭ¿ͣĺٸꡣ”˵ˣĿôɣʱ˱׷㾰Ϊҡðеľ޷ӭɡǸġӭ⣬Ϊлÿ͵ӭΪ֮屦ǵ֮ġƺ λڻɽвϣ춼塣Ϊ36֮һ1864ףǻɽ߷壬Ҳǻ߷塣ϼμ˵“ӻɽ֮У֮”“춼ษ”ƾĿܵóȷĽۣڵʱȷ˲ķָ֡Ϊɽ߷ĵһˡ˷͸ʣΰͻأСӵٲŭţ“”ʫԻ“һϼͤͤ覡ңʸƾ¶嶥ʮɻ”ӡʫƣ“ij𣬷ߺԡĿɽ£ͷƶӦ㣬ҲԳӰ᰹ǧ״ܵδԡ”зҵɡԲ࣬Ի“ʯ”һһ“ɳ”Ϸ嶥һߣһɫԶ֮СھʵӣԶĿհ®Ż볤磬˷ƺ۵ףޱ׳ۡݴŴ嶥“”û 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1candela=0.981candle3.ʲôͨ?ͨĵλʲô? 𣺹ͨφĶǣԴǵԴڵλʱ,пɲӾߣܸоķͨΪͨͨĵλΪдlm1lumenlmΪһʱ׼ĹԴڵλ廡ͨĹͨΪ4πR2һͨһͨ1/4π˵4π,˰Ķ֪һcdĵԴ4πφ=4πI⣩ٶΩΪС廡ǣڡΩڹͨφСφ=ΩI 4.һӢĺʲô? һӢָһĹԴԴǵԴһӢԶϵĹնȣдΪ1ftc1 lm/ft2/Ӣ2ÿƽӢյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ1ftc=10.76 lux5.һĺʲô? һָһĹԴԴǵԴһԶϵĹնȣΪտ˹luxҲдlxÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ/26. 1 luxĺʲôÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱն7.նȵĺʲô? նȣEĶΪ嵥λܵĹͨ˵ܹڵλʱÿλܵĹȣλӢ⣨ftcʾ8.նȡ֮ʲôϵ? նȡĹϵǣE(ն)=I()/r2(ƽ)9.նȴСЩй? 𣺱նԴķǿȼ͹Դ֮ľйأ뱻ɫʼС޹1881꣬ĶΪ1Ƴ֮120mg/hٶˮƽȼյˮƽϵķǿȺʹùԴ֬׳ơƵ1948꣬Բ̵ĺ1967꣬candela101325Pa£ڲ¶ȵĺ1/600000m^2ڴֱϵķǿ1979꣬candelaǷɫƵΪ540*10^12HzĵɫĹ׹ЧK=683lm/W󾭳ҰͿͬʵƫ.ЩλĻû̫ʵ塣ձĵ1lm=cd 1cd=WĻϵҲοΪcdlmwһЩϵ(nm) CIE ӦĹЧϵ Ӧ/صĻ380 0.0000 0.05390 0.0001 0.13400 0.0004 0.27410 0.0012 0.82420 0.0040 2.73430 0.0116 7.91440 0.0230 15.7450 0.0380 25.9460 0.0600 40.9470 0.0910 62.1480 0.1390 94.8490 0.2080 142.0500 0.3230 220.0510 0.5030 343.0520 0.7100 484.0530 0.8620 588.0540 0.9540 650.0550 0.9950 679.0555 1.0000 683.0560 0.9950 679.0570 0.9520 649.0580 0.8700 593.0590 0.7570 516.0600 0.6310 430.0610 0.5030 343.0620 0.3810 260.0630 0.2650 181.0640 0.1750 119.0650 0.1070 73.0660 0.0610 41.4670 0.0320 21.8680 0.0170 11.6690 0.0082 5.59700 0.0041 2.78710 0.0021 1.43720 0.0010 0.716730 0.0005 0.355740 0.0003 0.170750 0.0001 0.082760 0.0001 0.041ISO12233ͷֱʵʹ÷1.÷ΧCIPA׼DC-0032003¼Ʊ׼)þֹƬ¼ƣDSCڲƷĿ¼мؾֹƬķֱʱñ׼涨IJ2.ñ׼ļڱ׼б׼ǽɱ׼涨һ֡Щñ׼°汾׷ݣISO122332000 Photography-Electronic still-picturecameras - resolutionmeasurementsISO7589:2002 Photography–Illuminants forsensitometry-Speccificationsfordaylight,incandescenttungstenandprinter3.Pa) ֱresolution⣬ɷֱ澫ϸͼļޡԻÿλ߶ȵʾb) aliasingƵСͼźŸƵʵ2ʱڲƵʵĸߴгص°Ӱǵ䣨꣩д湤ҵ19884ͼ4.1ISO12233ֱʲԿ׼12233Ϊ,ͼ(ͼ4.1,¼ISOͼ)ҲֱISO12233ͼISOͼаʽ׼ӾֱʣҪʹеˮƽJ1K1ֱJ2K2б45ȷJDKDʽISO12233м3ֲISOͼIJɹο912233ʹISOͼʱһֱʹøͼҲԼIJ֣ƴкʹISO12233ҪSine Patterns˾Applied Image˾Լձ,йԴӴ 4.2ISOͼֵĺӰʱͼЧ߶ȣ򳤱߿ͼ4.1ʱֿڲĸ߶ȣռ,ͼ*100Ϊÿλ߶ȵ.ʱһҪЧ߶ռ,ʱҪб궨(ο5.2ȡͼ).4.3ISOͼͼҲԼʹISOͼͬͼʱISO12233й涨ISOͼȻЩ涨Ҫ󣩡a) ׵ײֵķRmaxɫֵķRmin֮Ϊ80>Rmax>Rmin>40ISO12233ĵ4.5b) ͼλþ涨λΪ0.2mm߶ȵ+-0.1%ISO12233ĵ4.8c) ߿Ϊ+-5%ISO1233ĵ4.8d) ˫ͼK1K2ϸ֣İɫֺͺɫ֣ķʱRmax/RminΪ18ϡΪ“Ƽ”ˮƽISO12233AnnexBҲʹ͸ͼʱĿķӦͳ͸ʡʹ͸ͼʱɢ޹Ƿͻ͸ͣͼԷֹԡ55.1 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TES-133020,200,2,000,20,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10Ϊȷնֵ) TES-1332200,2,000,20,000,200,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10200,000luxʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) TES-133420,200,2,000,20,000lux/fc(20,000lux/fcʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) ע1fc10.76Lux ׼ ȷ ȣ±3> rdg±0.5> f.s 10,000lux׼ȷΪ±4> rdg±10> dgts ɫ2856K׼ƽУ ظԣ±2> ¶ԣ±0.1> /档 ȡ ʣ2.0/롣 壺帽˹⾵Ƭ ʪȣ0 ~ 40(32> ~ 104> )0 ~ 80> RH ʪȣ-10 ~ 50(14> ~ 104> )0 ~ 70> RH ʾλ"1"ʾ Դ9Vأʽ006PIEC6F22NEDA1604 ʹԼ200Сʱ(Alkaline) ߳ȣ150cm ߴ磺100(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm ߴ磺135(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm 250g ʹ˵顢Ƥסء ƺ͹ܣ> Һʾ32/1λҺʾֵ1999ʾΧ o TES-1330"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"BT"o TES-1332"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"×100"(ֵ100)"BT"o TES-1334"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"fc""P""BT"> Χָʾ o TES-1330ʾ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ʾ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ʾ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> ԴأлԴON/OFF> ֵأHOLDһΣ"H"ţܺLCDֵ֮նȲٰһHOLDأȡHOLDܲ²նȡ> ֵأPEAKһΣ"P"ţ׷ٹźţֵֵַ½ʣԼÿ101λٰһPEAKأȡPEAKܲ²նȡTES-1334д˿عܡ> LUXλأLUXһΣ"LUX"ţնֵLUXλʾ> fcλأfcһΣ"fc"ţնֵfcλʾ> Χأ o TES-1330ѡ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ѡ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ѡ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> á> ģDCѹ(ѡ)> ֧ܣ(ѡ)ġ> 򿪵Դ> ѡʺϲλ> 򿪹ͷǣԴ֮ˮƽλá> ȡնȼLCDֵ֮> ȡֵ֮λ"1"ʾʾӦѡϸߵλ> 趨20000LUX/fcλʱʾֵ×10Dzֵ趨200,000LUXλʱʾֵ×100Dzⶨֵ> ֵأѹHOLDһ£LCDʾ"H"ţʾֵѺһHOLDأȡֵܡ> ֵźţѹPEAKһΣLCDʾ"P"ţֵѺPEAKһΣظԡ> ɺ󣬽ͷǸǻأԴOFF塢ظ> صʱLCDϳ"BT"ָʾʾء> ƿвԶ֮Դͷָʾ򿪵ظǡӵؿȡµأһö9Vء> ϵظǡԣߡά> ڸ¡ʪ²> ʹʱ豣ָɾ> ԴԲο׼λܹˡ> Ȼʹʱ͡Уάֻȷȡˡֳնȱ׼ο> LUXնֵ10.76fcնֵ.ѡʵԶ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡձKONICA MINOLTA(Ῠܴ)Яʽɫ.Ŀǰгϳ۵Զ෱࣬ĿϾӡܵ˵ɰ¼֣ز֣ͬйģԻ¹ȣڵģϡ㶫㽭Ĵȣ̽Ӳ֣ͬл顢ӵԶȣ;֣ͬб䱶ˮҹӾŴ֣ͬеͱ2~5߲Ʒб7~10߱15~70 ѡԶʱĿм֣ô⼸˵ʲôأԾһ˵һ¡10×50mm5°ʾŴΪ10ᄉֱΪ50ףҰΪ5ȣ1000ҰΪ87.4ף˻ΪԽԽãʵȻŴҰȳɷȣŴԽҰԽСͲᄉֱԽ࣬ڹ߲ʱֱԽǿȻµԶЯôһ˵оʴӣֻҪȡ̣ͬԹһܺԶڴἸ㽨ԹѡԶʱΪοһ뵽ϻ򺣱Σ벻ҪǹһܷˮԶرЯϵмNIGULAϵзˮԶڶι۹⣬ɹһС߱䱶ܵԶ㵽ЩԶ۶ɽ֮̽”Σյش棬ǾӦùһܸ߱ԶģҪԻʱУùһܱ䱶Զ˵һʹ÷Ϊ䱶Զɴӵͱ𽥵߱ʹʱӦõͱҰдȻø߱СҰϸ۲졣ʹԶԶ۲Զһں¡ﶼŲɵ͹áеȴʹòͷۻŻµ ʹԶӦҪ㣺ڴŵԶʱҪϸһ£־ƬùҪøɾ鿴Ӷȵװú͵ͫ׼ӲǷװӶȷֻе۵ӶȲͬҪֱװֻʹÿֻ۾ؿͫ׼ʹľͼصһ𡣡۲ʱ̬Ҫ磬پӦƽȡþʱգ壬۲ʱ֧šȷĽӶλáͬͺŵԶͫ׾벻һ£۾Ҳ磬62ʽ8Զѽ۾Ȧѱ״̬ʱӶλýΪˣʱͫ׾Ϊ˺ס۲ĿꡣĿľ룬ֻ۲ԶĿ꣬Ӧھ۲ת뾵ڡȸԺȷ˳й۲졣ΪˣӦϤȷʹòֻͬӦλֻԾԶԣԱѸٵرĿλã߹۲Чʣþʱ䡣ѩ졢ǿ⡢Ȳͬ£ҪװӦ˹⾵ƬԼٰѩǿ۵Ĵ̼оijжȡʹôкйԶʱҪѺйοԱйľҷҰСӰ۲ЧƽʱҪƱܣֹ˾棬ࡢˬܳ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢҵռı׼Դ(һ) 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׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢеı׼۲ISO 3664 ɫʺܶȲӡˢжԸпƵij÷Ƕһͼ˵ЩصIJԷܴ۶ԶɫЧۡӡˢУҪǽͼͼԭбȽϣжɫʸƵĻԭ̶ȡ磬һƵIJɫͼɫۣõһַǽЩͼһԭͼԭʵ̶ȵĽۡ ɣӡˢжӡƷƽпƵĸѹ۲ӦӡƷĹ۲컷ʮĹ۲컷ˢԱͿͬ½ӡˢƷƷʼˡһ㲻̫ܣҪǣĹ۲ԭ塢ƬͬšӡˢƷֱӵĶԱȡΪڹԴع۲£ÿһֲϵɫʽֱӰͼЧǵıֳͬΪ˱ɫʸЧ⣬ڲƷƹʹȶĹ۲ʮֱҪġ۲컷Χڵ棬ɫҳں̶ܴӰŹ۲߶Թ۲Ľڵɫʸоƣʹñ׼۲й۲졣һĹ۲̨ڷӵijһ֡ԣԹ۲컷ĿʮҪΪȷеĸƻʹͳһĹ۲ƼͳһĹ۲׼ڱСڲɫӡˢƷƬĹ۲Ƽı׼ISO3664µİ汾1999Ƴ±׼Ƴ֮ǰѾ׼1975ġISO3664 ۲ɫ͸Ƭ͸ƷANSIġPH2.30-1989 ӡˢƷƬɫӡˢƷͶ伤ƷĹ۲йع۲׼ƼʮƣȫͬµISO3664׼ĸİ1994ĩʼģANSIЭʾп׼ΪANSI׼ӡˢƻУҪ֤ȶһµĹ۲¼ؼأ1ԴĹֲ2ԴķǿȺ;ȶ3۲컷۲컷ݣ4ȶ ISO3664°汾ҪƼ׼ͬʱп׼ڲɫĻϽͼ۲죬ͼƬչͼ͵ҲƼ˱׼ͬʱӡˢҵ1жISO3664Ĺ۲׼еĹؼĿ˽ܡ1˲ƼΪ˲ɫʾIJοƶ˹ԴĹֲܷԲɫʾָ˰׵ɫ̶ȡЩ˵Ǹ1976u’10’10UCSϵͳӾ۲õ2͸ӡƷбȽʱ͸ԴնͬӡƷ۲ƽնȱ2+-.213ɫʾĻӦСڻ32 lxһ㡴=64 lxʹáԴı궨׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡ1 ISO еָ۲ ISO۲ οɫ(1) ն ɫָ(CIE13.2׼) ͬɫָ(CIE51) ȶ(min:max) ķ/ն/ ӡƷļȽ(PI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 2000 lx+-500 lx(Ϊ+-250 lx) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 λø1mX1mƽ>=0.75 1mX1mƽ>=0.6 <60%(ӦΪԻҲ޷) ͸ֱӹ۲(TI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2(Ϊ160cd/m^2)(2) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: B >=0.75 5%-10%ˮƽ(ӦΪԻ,50mm) ӡƷʵ(P2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 500+-125 lx ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 >=0.75 <60%(ΪԻҲ޷) ͸ƬͶӰ۲(T2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2 ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪB >=0.75 ˮƽΪ5%-10%(ԻҲڸ50mm) ɫʾ D65Դɫ(0.025) 75 cd/m^2(Ϊ>100cd/m^2) _____ _____ _____ Իҡһڣ3 ׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡǰı׼УƥʹCIEɫָָӳһϵб׼ɫD50Դ±ֵɫʵʹ۲ԴµʾɫƳ̶ȡǴɫʾй׵ķߣUVϹϹЧҳʲӰ죬ǾͿʹ1795ı׼øˡǰ,ɫʹϵͳڴͼʱ,ʹ¼:ȾתơīȵȡЩʽʹͼɫʷЩʹõԭɫȼϣƥƬīӡˢɫЧʱǵķƥɫ߻ijЩطͻͬɫƥ䡣ͬɫƥĸɫı仯ʮСֻʹɫָԴѾˡ±׼бɫָһͬʱµı׼ӶȺUVɫָָCIE׼No.511981--۹ԴķЩʹ˸Ӹӵƥ׼һ궨һ궨UVֵԱϸĶʵʹԴCIE D50֡Ҳ˵±׼۲豸ṩȶĹ۲⽫Ϊ²ϻӫƶֽźīԶֵ⡣IJʾھɱ׼ΪǽϺõĹ۲豸󲿷Ҳͬ±׼ڱ׼綨豸ܴ,Ҫ Ի˵ƼָǿеģЩҪһĹһֽGATF/RHEMĹԴָʾڹ۲ȷʱԹ۲컷档װֱװڹ£ѹԱ۲컷ʮַ㡣ҪעǣGATF/RHEM˵۲ȷԡˮƽ±׼Ƽնȣն(P1)2000+-500 lx,ͱȽͼʱʹãն(P2)500+-25 lxģ۲ͼ׵۲졣ڱ׼ڼۺͱȽϷ޸ʮֱҪ磬ȽԭŵЧӡˢбȽϺͬźӡˢͼϸ΢ɫʲڴƼ׼ɴˣܹ۲һӦȣնˮƽı仯ҲͼıЧʮӰ졣Ϊģͼ۲컷ʹƼĵնˮƽ(P2)ȻճĹ۲еҲڱ仯DZ׼նѡƽ۲ǾдԵҵУնˮƽƼӦ˺ܴ顣̫նƼԣڱ׼֮󸽼ʾ˵ע“ǿȽͼϸЧ”ʱڸƽʱ۲ն½У⽫ڹ۲ͼϸ΢磺һźͬһӡˢܹ׵ıȽ֡ԣеŻͼȽϱP1½СǣڵһͼĽ׵ƺʵУĹ۲½С߶ͼĹ۲һµġȻĹ۲ǿ֪ܲٲ˽۲£ʹõ͵۲ģĹ۲Ҫȷͼİϸֱܹ档P2David McDowell֮һΪӦǿ¼ʵӦ÷⣺򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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CHIPS]154ͷ۲ɫ56е޺ɫϵЯɫƱʽУͼļϿʵּһµɫʽɫ˳еִɫʣʹѡΪֱۡṩī䷽Ŀǰ빤̼ݡʹıֽţϳӡˢÿɫʾڰſ˺ʽɫƱĶҳʽҳӡˢҳɵҳΪҳװ䳣ɫʡص㣺ɫɫ㷺154ַ۲ɫ56޺ɫɫ˳ÿɫʶɶصPANTONEżʶɸҳϵĿ˺ʽɫƱFSC׼ıֽŲͨɫʹ[PANTONE COLOR MANAGER Software]ԱڳõӦóиPANTONEɫŵ㣺ִгɫʹõıЯʽҳʽɫ˳аʽڲɫʵһֲѡʹɫƱָѡɫʵ׼ȷɫʽÿɫƱṩӡˢ׼ɫʷΧҳʹӡˢϵɫʼ㡢׼ȷϵͳõȫPANTONEӪɵ֧pantone ”ͨ“·۲ɫ CUɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301 ԭװڣCUɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 590.00г: 850.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ TPXɫ PANTONE FGP100 ԭװڣTPXɫڷ֯Ҿװεҵ㷺ʹá10꾭רҵ 860.00г: 1200.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONEͨɫ GP4001 CMYK - ֽͭ&ֽ µPLUSϵͳCMYKָ[PLUS SERIES CMYK Guide]2,868ɫʣɫʽ԰ɫ˳УʹɫʹɸΪѡɫΪֱۡЩָDzοͿ塢ʶ߽硢ͼɫЧ빤ߡ 1050.00г: 1390.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ ɫ ͨɫӰ PANTONEӰ 113̳ǣɫṩPANTONE PMSȫϵɫӰPantone? Matching System Color Chart PMS Colors Used For PrintingѷУ 0.00г: 0.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 10ڴרҵ 7150.00г: 11800.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ Cɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301C() ԭװڣCɫɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 380.00г: 550.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱȹϲDZҵչʮѸ٣طҹDZҵ״༰ԭ ϲDZҵչʮѸ٣һЩؼͲƷͻƣҹ񾭼÷չĶԡԺͰȫԶԶӰ졣 1 ״ Ŀǰ󲿷ֹDZƷļˮƽڹϾʮڵˮƽе͵ƷƷֻȫܹȶ磬繤DZڹгռʴ 95% 13% Ʒڡÿñ 700 ̨ 90 ңе͵ñIJռܲ 80% иߵƷѽӽˮƽڹӦü棬Ѿܹеһֹش󹤳DZϵͳ׹ 60 ǧ߻飬 350 / װã 20000m 3 /h շװá˵վ浺ϵͳȣʼѹش󹤳ȫ⹫˾¢ϵľ档ڸ߼ԶDZϵͳѧԪȲƷľϣDZҵ϶൱ľء˵ 2003 DZгʢѸ١ܵվʩ̡סլ͹гůӰ죬ҵԶDZϵͳDZˮüDZе͵ѧѸ١ͳƾֺйҵͳƣ 2003 DZܶΪ 921 Ԫͬ 25.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 174 Ԫͬ 29.9% ѧΪ 154 Ԫͬ 40.18% ԼΪ 16 Ԫͬ 35.6% ܼDZΪ 180 Ԫͬ 36.3% ҽ 80 Ԫͬ 11.9% ݹҺغйҵͳƣ 2003 ꣬ҹDZҵƷֵ 29.4 Ԫͬ 52.6% 2003 DZĽڽΪ 91.5 Ԫͬ 67.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 16.7 Ԫѧʵ͹ѧΪ 28.8 ԪҽΪ 10 ԪݣйDZ 2003 гΪDZ 2003 ܶ–DZ 2003 ܶ + 2003 DZĽڽ = 921 – 29.4 × 8.3 + 91.5 × 8.3 = 921 – 244.02 + 759.45 = 1436.43 ԪԪıȼ = 1: 8.3 ˣԺŵ˵ҹDZĶ֮һɽڲƷģʵռ 52.87% ⹫˾еƷԼؼ㲿ռ˹ 60% ϵгݶͺ͸߾ȵDZȫڡ 2IJ IJҪڣ ƷĿɿԽϲԻ칤յоһЩӰɿԵĹؼ羫ܼӹܷ⼼Ӽûеõܺý²ƷرǸߵƷܲȶͿɿйڸߵƷĿɿָ꣨ƽ޹ʱ䣩ƷȣҪ 1 2 ƷܡйڲƷڲҪƷ 1 ڹϣĿǰƷ̶ܻ൱ߣͨԭʼϢִõųⲿŶϢӰ죬˲ƷͻԺͲʵԡвƷ̶ܻȻϵ͡⣬Ʒ绯ڹѾʵý׶Σҹϴ𲽽׶Ρ ƷµƷĸڴԼ 2 3 ꡣ¼ĴǰʮꡣҹҵͨʵһƷĸ£ֲܺܺգ²ƷԭԳɹ١һЩԭIJƷҹڿհ״̬Ժڸ¼Ȼгɹҵϲҵ൱ѡ ȱʹöרýDZķչǿDZӦöܽϵƷûṩԻĽ 60 ǧ߻Ļܼ͹յŻרҽͼδȡҹҵⷽδγɲҵ 2.2 ҵۺʵIJ ҵۺʵIJҪڣ ҵģСDZҵֵܲϵ͡ǾСھеıҲС 2003 DZֵܲռֵ GDP 0.82% ڹҵֵܲ 1.79% ҵҼͱ׼оԺ NIST ıƣ 90 DZҵֵռҵֵܲ 4% DZҵҵСҵȫҵйģҵ 1887 ۶ 10 ԪIJ 15 ҵְΪ 51 ȱۺʵǿ“콢”ҵҵĵƷгǿȱۺʵ϶гſ⡣ˣг洦ơҵȱ͹̵Ĺ ҵͶʵ͡DZڸ߿ƼҵͶɱòԡҵˮƽձҵˣ߼ƷҵͶԶҵ ҵͶձ鲻㡣ڹҵȫССҵ涼֧㹻ġڵļͶ롣ԿѧΪһ⹫˾ĿͶռ۶ 10% ҹռ 3% 3ϲҪԭ лƲӦг÷չҪڷչĹУһͶʵĹǸҵٲƷϻԱʧϾ棬뾭Ӫѣһƴ¡ҵ𲽳Ϊµ㣬δȽļ³ɹ٣˾⡣ ѧСڣãлϵƺûγɡDZǵ֪ʶܼܼͲƷڸ߿ƼչǶָ¼ںϵۺ壬ˣѧСõлϾԵʮҪָΪսˮƽظγɺȱЧгɹҵʵ͵Ȼʮͻ ȱǿо֧ԮơDZҵƷֶࡢСҪڵġֲиͶ롣ĿǰͶͶЧ治ѡͶ;ɢԼص㡣ѡоɹĹ͸вơҵȲȫгù뾺ȱоԴսͶʡ¼гҪгٵȹսԡ ⣬ȱ߲εĸ˲źϤͨѧƽۺ˲ţҲɲһҪԭ򡣵Ӽɫϵͳķչɫԭ īɫӰӡˢƷĹؼָ֮һˣīĵͳӡǰزٵĹɫĻԭɫʺϳɫΪɫϵͷʽõͬɫɫЧŵӼķչԴ洢ݣиɫѧܶԴīݼɫֵдͨ˻Իɫٶȿ졢ȸߣӡˢ򣬿ʹɫʹִ һɫķչص 1.ɫķչ ڹҵңɫйصҵ֯ӡȾȾϡϡͿҵɫӹīҵձüɫϵͳΪƷƼ۵ߣռʺܸߡ磬Ĺѧ˾ƿ˸˱˹ī䷽Ink Formulation4.0Ϊӡӡˢӡˢתӡҵƾȷ䷽Զ䷽ͨٶȿص㣬ܹƵͳɱ䷽ڽѺã֤䷽ȷһƵijɹʡ 10ҹ½˸ͺŵɫϵͳȡЧIJࡣƵŷӹҵصΪɫƷȶڼӹҵȻԼص㣬ɫƷʵȶԲһЩĿǰɫϵƷֲϸ£ͻĴӿ֣еɫϵͳԴȱĵɫϵͳʵӦѡ оԺ1984꿪ʼоɫϵͳУ˼άʽɫǹڱȽɫøϵͳܼ۸Ϊϵͳ1/3ڻףܼ۸Ϊڵ1/2ϵͳ70ʹãȾϡӡȾëġ֯ᡢī𽺡ֽɫйصҵ⣬ѧƿ˲òɫܶȼܶȵɫϵͳƹӦõķ㷺ԡĿǰķչ̬ɫѾΪδīɫеһҪɲ֡ 2.ɫص 1Լɫʱ䣬ͳɱɫЧʡ 2ڽ϶̵ʱڼ䷽ 3īɫݿ⣬Ҫʱʹá 4㡣 5ɫ䷽ɫļɼʾӡɫҲʽС 6ϵͳ磺ӳϵͳСߣΪʽӡƷӡƷϵͳκ쳣ʱͻͣٲҪ˷ѡ ɫԭϵͳ 1.Kubelka-Munkۼ K-M1931ֱ1958ſʼɹڷ֯ӡȾҵӡˢҵӦøʼ2070ձȹҿļɫϵͳԲۡ ͨK-M۵һϵƵɫĺʽ䵼ʽ K/S=(1-r)2/2r r=K/S+1-[(K/S+1)2-1]1/2 ʽrµķʣKΪϵ޺ƽУɢ΢ԪȽʲԹʣSΪɢϵ΢ԪȶԹɢʡ ĿǰΪֹɫCCMĻԭȻK-MۡӾƥ䷽׷ɫɫƽ㷨ȶK-MΪġK-MʵӦУۼʵ֮䳣ֲ죬ԭɹΪء K-M۱һļƵġ һɫΪxһ΢Ԫdxʱǽķ䣬ضӦø۵ɫǽûָͬĽУΪʹ򻯶Խϲָͬ㷨 ڶdxɫxڵһ΢Ԫ㣬ϵɢϵʹʱΪɫͬȵģּٶӦͻϡ ɫڵɫǻеģʹɫڵĹճΪһɢʽȫûɢЧӦУͨʵӦУڱƬʽͻĤУˮƽʱͨͨٶƻ ģڱɫϣɢѾɫڲڰɫ൱ĹɢǰѱգЩɫĹɢ״̬ʹʵֽϴ졣 ӡˢҵīЧʱ뿼ǹϿ໥üīʡʵӦУӦ˵K-Mа˫ֱΪϵKɢϵS,īԹɢʵɢȿԺԣīijɫԭҪīԹѡգīīȼīŨȵӰ졣K-MԲ͸Ϊǰģӡˢʹõī͸Ի͸ԵģˣK-Mкܴ㡣 2.ֵ̼мīɫ (1)ֵ̼ɫ ĿǰĵɫϵͳʹõѧģK/SΪK/SľԺӡˢҵص㣬ֵ̼ɫķ÷ʹK/Sֵʵȱɫֵָ̼꣬Ϊɫָꡣ K/S۵ĻҲɽֵ̼ɫҪֶνK/SֵŨȵݿ⣬оֵ̼Ũ֮Ĺϵֵ̼ٷֱ֮ĹϵӡˢУתֵ̼ٷֱ֮ķҪŦ鱤תþ仯תͲòұתѡɫ׽ұת(2)ֵ̼ɫԭ CIE׼ɫѧϵͳκȻɫùֵ̼XYZʾĿǰȽIJɫѡɫϵͳκɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ʾɫԭҪͬɫԭɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ֱȣΪͬɫ ɫ׽IJұֵ̼ɫīٷֱ֮Ĺϵijɫīabcӡɣīٷֱȷֱlmnīabclmnīռ(1-l)+(1-m)+(1-n)ɫϵͳCIE׼ԴD65ĺ10°ӳµݽм㣬ͬʱCIELABɫʽΔEab=[(ΔL)2+(Δa)2+(Δb)2]1/2׼ɫɫ֮ɫ ǿԿֵ̼мɫʹɫضԴµɫݱʾɫֵ̼ī֮ڶӦĹϵɫ䷽ǷҪ (3)ֵ̼ɫ ɫ׸ɫֵ̼͸īٷֱݿ⡣ɫʱĿɫֵ̼뵽ϵͳУϵͳī䷽ԤɫīԺٲֵ̼ɼɫʽɫһָѸƳϸͬɫɫ ɫʸƵҪϣݹұ׼ͬɫװӡˢƷɫΔE*abȷҪ󣬱ѡΔE*ab≤3 ɫװ˳Ĵ󲿷ɫɫڵɫֱӲҵõīȣɫڵɫԲȡɫҵɫСɫȻͨԲֵ⡣ 3.ɫϵͳ 1ɫϵͳĹ ɫϵͳǼɫǡɫϵͳһִ豸ɫĻǽɫīɫԤȴڵУȻЩīɫĻϱԴﵽԤ䷽Ŀġ 2ɫϵͳ ټɫϵͳӲ ʹWindowsϵͳӲ̴洢ռ20MBֹܶȼƣɫס ڼɫϵͳ ˵ʾɫϵͳиĿ¼ʹ߶Ըɫһŵʶʹ߸ԼĿĶĿ¼ʾijѡ͵á ļʹMicrosoftAccessݿļ˫ɫӡɫӡרɫӡ3֡ļļĽݴּ䷽洢 ䷽㼰 ô˳ɫ׼֮ɫ죬ɫѡ䷽䷽ ɫϵͳнǿ˻Իܣ߿ԸݼĻϵʾӦIJݾܵõҪī䷽ ɫһ漰ɫۡīֽšյȶ෽ĸӵļ̣ɫ׽ֵ̼ɫ˷K-M۵ľԣʺӡˢҵص㣬ɫԱĸ˲Ʒɫɫٶȡȣ˾Ч档ȻкܶƵĵطڲͬԴ½ֵ̼ɫɫͬɫɫ׵׼ȷкܴĹϵȡżIJϸ¡ĸӾܡѧIJӿֺͲϵ𽥹淶ݻɫȻʾޱȵԽԡ113վ11317.comΪӦҵķչûҪŶӵŬڸİˡ˴θİʱһ£dzվۣд11317.comΪҵѡվڻڶB2Bվӱ113վλΪɫΪҵѶרҵΪɫۺϵƽ̨һĿ滮 A гλ ɫҵѡվ B Ŀ ʵ۲Уϡϳ C ƷƼֵ ֪Ʒ——ۡĿͻ A Ŀͻ (ܽӡī֯װӡȾӡˢֽƷʳƷҽҩױƷѧӰԵҵԼСѧУʵҵ) B Ŀͻվ A (ɫDzƷչʾ) B (ɫҵѶ) C (ɫǼ) D (ɫ)ġҪϷ A () B(λ) C (̼) D (ҵϢ) E(ҵ¿Ƽ) Fҵչᡢᣩ GѵϢ HԴأ Iѯ J KɫǶƷ Lά޼3nhΪɫҵıˣŹƽٽƷƵķչDZҵչȫȼۣȫΪû룬ҵùƷ𲽹ʻTILOɫɫ (Ϳϡϡ𽺡ҵɫר)ݿ ? ɼÿ֧ϵԺ;KSֵ ? ϻϵԼɫ ? ͬŨȼɫȱȽ ? ɫϵȷԣʾϵ ? ɷ޳Ũ/ɫ ? 趨ϵĸ/ʹŨ ? 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X-Rite׹һ걣ޣά޷йڹѧ֮սеĹѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 19369£ィϾ·һʱľΪʱͬʱֹѧijィ193781գѧڰˮŲݳ幤ʽ̿ãսȫ汬ϾΣ827ձ֪ͨͣﱸ˵Ĵַ׼ǨĴ99ձʽ֪ͨﱸѧǨĴ1112գտܹռϺﱸӽǨ 27ճﱸȫԱ豸Ǩ졣 ڵѡַĹԱ켰ܱʮصп죬ⶨżϪΪѧַḮʱ12µ׿ʼװ豸ѵˡɳԱΪѧġ19381£´ŷ޷أά㱨ʿɵļĿǵʱغҪۿڶѱվŷ޹豸ֻ˵ԽϺۣٴӵԽ·˵͹̵ĸӼʪʺϹѧĵͱ棬άѧǨǰɺԽ·˵ľеʵĽˡܡת˵ȹͬʱ׼ﱸǨˡ2£µ˿ӴΪѧַʼƽ쳧ͰǨװ1938 9£ͻ豸װѽ깤߱˿ﱸ棬19391ʽ,19381227վ׼ڶʮ193911գйһùѧ——ڶʮʽγͬרԱ ԭƻʮ쳧ӱΪһ쳧ԶԶΪڶ쳧ԶʵʩسļĿԶΪʮ¼˵ܱΪԶѡַ෽Աȣ̲򿿽йһˮվ——ʯˮվˮ͹ȽϷ㣬ȺɽƣΣΪԶijַӷտǣԶijɽУ̽ҲԿɽΪͬʱѡַںڵĻʮһؽڣΪպϲ˷ʡ йڹѧԱ19391£Զʼ6×30˫ͲԶ1940Զװһ80cmֲԶ1940վں½͹ѧĵ¹ֱۣŴӢĹѧڵк¹DZͧʧѧļȱʹԶԳԶƹѧٵȻ׼ȺƳµؿ˺ͷʽȻ׼вʽ׼ΪʽװͶΪйԼĵһڱʽѧ 1940107գջпϮԶ⵽ըᡢֿе46ʧأͣڵڶռʮɢȫ豸ǨԶΪʹǨ˳³͵19414ǨĻ豸װͶ7ȫ깤Ǩȫɡ 194111£վںر׼ϣʮǨ׼ͬ12£ͻȻʮһͶʮڣΪٻԼѡͳһָΪɣʽȻͬıϲΪʮ1942Ԫʮγǹ͹ѧǿв˵ǿҲ֮ìأڲϵЭ19424£ǹְչΪɧҡȻ¶þǿд˸¼ȴһӾڲìܡ 19425£վص幫·ģ53չ4չֱ꣬ƻͨ5գʮѧֵ豸ԱǨϾƣͷǰӣŽһ¹ͬ⣬˳ȹ˲ĥڡʮսʤջըƵԭϼѷ۸ǵ£˷ѣ6×30˫ͲԶ11250ߣ80cmԶ392ߣʽȻ׼ 2608ߣݿʽǹ15108ָͦ31310ߣ֧Ԯ˿ս սʤʮ۷ǡǿάŲҵľӪΪ֧Ʒ80cmԶ6×30˫ͲԶȺ󱻱ͣ19461949꣬ʽͲԶƵͳһʽȻ׼졣19503ţܻ˶ԹĽӹܡźʮΪԭȵĶʮʮһʮҲǺϹѧΪйѧҵķԴأ彨ʱڣ˴Ĺѧ˲ţΪйѧҵķչ˾޴ס սеĹѧйѧҵ޵еʷת䡣ȻʱйѧƷԷΪṹ򵥣Ҫ޷Ըȴйѧҵ¼ԪΪһչ˷ḻľ飬˼ʵĻ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧѧ˾Ĺ˿ͷ֮ͻȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ ͻԱ˼⣺1ѹʱܷ侲˼2پ޴ѹʱܷ񱣳ֹֻ۵̬ȣ3˷ʱǷֻȥۣƽ͵ؽͻش⣻4ѹʱܷطж⣻5ѹʱܷر6ѹʱǷԸЭ⣻7ѹʱǷֻעĸܣδԷΧ˵ĸܣͬͻд򽻵ͻĵһԶǴͻУзҲǹһ֡1Ը<1>ͻ/<2>ͻķԸ̬оƷ<3>ͻÿһνΪ“˲”<4>ƫ;ֹ2<1>ʾעУʾͬ<2>——ְҵ;Ʒߵ<3>˫ϵ飻<4>ֶԿͻԼеͬ<5>߿ͻ/飻<6>ڿʼκ֮ǰ봦С3е<1>߿ͻ–עڱҪʱͻ˵IJƷ–ͬʱҪ߿ͻ,ƷĿͻ¼,˭Ӵȫṩ<2>ͻȷ֤㽫/⣻<3>ȷõͻĽ<4>ʹ“”“”<5>ԳС⼼ɣ1жϿͻʵ-͹-ȷʲô-ܱ©-ʹú-û-Ե-ͨ©-ԭ-ȷԭжϿͻʵ-ڿͻԭ޷ʱ׼ȷṩ2ж3ȷеĺܱܵĽͽ4ûֵ<1>ͬһ⣬ͬͻвͬ<2>ͻⱾжϿͻֵķ֮<3>ֵʱͻʱҪͻֵ<4>ע⣺A. 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UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ20W CWF ̵Դ(Cool White Fluorescent) ɫ£4150K ʣ20W Judge II ڶɫ 2TILO T-5ر׼Դɫ 䱸D65,TL84,CWF,F,UVֹԴ 30Kg (xx)710x405x570 mm ѡԴɢ 45ȱ׼̨ õƹܺ ŵ ʾÿֹԴʹʱʱ ԴԶл߱ͬɫ׹ Ԥȣɱ֤ٶɿɫ ܺС(ɢ)Чʸ Ӣ׼ùԴ Сʹ÷㣬ͻʹ Դ Դ˵ D65 ʱ׼˹չ ɫ£6500K ʣ18W TL84 ŷޡձй̵Դ ɫ£4000K ʣ18W CWF ̵Դ ɫ£4150K ʣ18W F ͥƵõơɫοԴ ɫ£2700K ʣ40W UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ18W TILO T-5ر׼ԴɫǶӡˢƷҪԽԽߣɫӡˢijЩѾ㲻˴ڶɫʵҪӡˢǣרɫӡˢ ˵רɫͲòPANTONE׼ͼPhotoshopIllustratorﶼǶPANTONEרɫ⡣ͬʱ֧ܶרɫʹõרɫҲPANTONE׼PANTONEɫƥϵͳPANTONE MATCHING SYSTEMǺӡˢ֯ܽͼƼɫʹͨϵͳɫԵķʽͳһӡˢѾΪɫʵı׼ԣΪװӡˢҵīҵṩ˿١ݵɫɫ׼ʹPANTONE׼ĺô1ɫʱʹݼ򵥡κεطĿͻֻҪָһPANTONEɫţֻһӦPANTONEɫͿҵɫɫӡƷУͻҪɫƷ2ȷÿӡˢɫౣһ¡ͬһӡˢӡˢڲͬӡˢӡͬһרɫɱһ£ƫɫ3ѡش1000רɫʦ㹻ѡءʵϳϢʦƽʱõרɫֻռPANTONEɫеһС֡±4ӡˢԼɫʡȥɫķա5ɫിĿ͡PANTONEɫƥϵͳɫݿʿأCarlstadtPANTONEܲ蹤ͳһӡƵģܱ֤طеPANTONEɫȫһ¡ңյĸԺӡˢ⣬û˵˷ƻð40ķչPANTONE˾IJƷ㷺Ӧأ˵ҪɫʹͨĵطʹPANTONEɫƥϵͳԿῨܴPANTONEɫƥϵͳǹóбزٵҪߡPANTONEרɫ䷽ָϡPANTONE׼ɫֽ/ֽͭPANTONE formula guide coated/uncoatedPANTONEɫϵͳĺģdzáȽϴPANTONEƷͨ2004רɫ䷽ָϣʹPANTONEרɫɫûṩһοPANTONEɫ־1114רɫɫʶעΩһıźβ룬ӡˢֽͭϵרɫΪɫÿ˵1.PANTONEɫPANTONE Basic Colorsòְ14PANTONEɫգ14ֻɫǴԭɫīԵһϣɫϣϸߵİٷֱȺƶɣмߵɫŨȺɫȣǵרɫīĻAdobe2.PANTONEɫPANTONE Process ColorsòгPANTONEɫCMYKPANTONEɫϵͳPANTONEƳĻCMYKɫʹ淶ϵͳCMYKɫʱʱ3000ɫ3.PANTONEɫPANTONE HexachromeǽΪϸ߱ɫʣHi-Fi ColorƵɫϵͳCMYKɫרɫȼרɫ̹6ɫ϶ɣܴԼ90% PANTONEרɫƥ䣬ʹҪúܶרɫſɴﵽЧ6ɫϱɡ߱ɫһƵۺϵͳеƷУϵͳʹƷܴǰδеĹɫ4.PANTONEɫⲿרɫdzõPANTONEɫɫ󲿷ֹ˾ı־ɫⲿҵī䷽ԷͰٷʱʾܹCMYKɫӡʽģõɫʶӡ˱־ⲿֵĶרɫCMYKɫģõ5.PANTONEɫͰɫϵСⲿרɫɫרɫIJ䡣д󲿷ֵרɫCMYKɫģõ6.PANTONEdzɫϵСⲿΪ͵ɫЧƵһϵרɫԼ85%רɫCMYKɫģõ7.ʹɫⲿɫӳ߶רɫҪרɫչԼɫ׳н80%ϵרɫCMYKɫģ⡣8.ӫɫͽɫ14ӫɫ14ֽɫ28ɫ޷ͨCMYKɫģõǿ֪ġ2004רɫ䷽ָӡڽֽϵPANTONEרɫֵרɫɫӡֽͭϵרɫɫͬҪ˵ǰװеPANTONE 256 C PANTONE 256 UʾͬһרɫīPANTONE 256ΩһġPANTONE 256 CʾPANTONE 256ӡڹֽͭϵЧӦı׼ӦǹֽͭcoatedרɫָɫPANTONE 256 UʾPANTONE 256ӡڽֽֽϵЧӦı׼Ӧǽֽ(uncoated)רɫָɫֿרɫָϵɫܻɫɫӡˢΪ˱֤׼ȷɫʴݣÿרɫָϡһPANTONEרɫɫ۵㶼ԾɻµҵĿǰ°汾PANTONE׼ɫ2005ֽֽͭװ°汾ɫӡˢֽǰ汾ףɫ2004ƫ䣬رdzɫ鲿ָΪԡ÷װ͹ʹÿͻͬʱֿԷֱһ40ǰӡˢӡӹһЩ˾ʶӡˢīɫͳһҪԣӶPANTONE˾רŴӡˢɫʵı׼оռĿǰѾչ֯ܽرӡˢPANTONE׼ѾصʦӡˢʿձáһӡˢƷϰʹPANTONE׼רɫӶ֤ӡˢƷɫʵͬһԡڹҲսռáһܶȼƲԭܶȼú졢̡ɫƬɫ⣬ͨīɫķ䣬õࡢƷ졢ֽɫɫܶȡɫܶȶīijɫԣӳijīͶȵֵʵӦУղĿͬñ׼խɫƬͬ׷ΧܶȣˣܶȼƵIJΪխӡˢҵгõܶȲʽΪɫƬ߽Ͽ졢̡໥棬ɵɫɫƬвɫͨխɫƬԹ׵ѡԽǿԣխֵܶϿֵҪߡܶȼԭͼ1ܶȼƲīĹ׷ʺ󣬿ͨɹʽ1īܶȡʽρinkΪ1īպʣಹɫķʣSikλΪԴĹֲrikλΪ̽Ĺȣτ(λ)ΪɫƬĹ͸ʣP(λ)ΪīԸĹ׷ʡ½űͬηΧֱӦͬηΧĺ졢̡⣬ӦࡢƷ졢īܶȣϽűkӦͬηΧڲͬĹֲʽӦͬӦʽõܶȡɫܶȼƵӦʽеܶȼƶʹöϵȷܶȣԵIJϵͳеӦʽɫƬ̽ܶȼڽĶϵͬĻõܶȶҲͬΪ˲ʱбҪܶȼӦʽͳһӦʽĹ涨ǰ׼ӦơУ׼ĽΪܶȼṩһµܶȡ1.ӦʽڲɫܶȲУܶȼʾIJֵȡܶȼʹõĹԴֲSik(λ)̽ĹrikλɫƬĹ͸τ(λ)ߵĹ׳˻ΪܶȼƲӦ÷∏ʾԲӦϸ涨ú졢̡ⶨֻܶһܶȼеģͬһɫṩĶֱӺһܶȼĶȽϡΪ˽йʡʼĽͱ׼ܶȼʵƣͳһˣʱ׼֯ISOұ׼ѧᣨANSIɫƬܶӦʽĹ涨X-Rite500ϵܶȼеTGEIӦʽʱ׼֯ISO涨ܶȼϵͳӦĶֵlg∏ﵽijӦ涨ֵܶȼƲõݼΪӦܶȡ2ΪTӦʽӦĶֵֻг̹ӦĶֵlg∏TGTӦ涨ܶȼƣõݼΪTӦܶȡ2TӦʽӦֵҹӡˢҵвõĺ졢̡䲨ηΧڵֲҪ󣬶ӦӦʽΪTӦʽTӦʽУ̽Ĺrik(λ)CIEֵ̼ƣɫӾغصתֵڱ׼TӦʽӦDZ׼δֻ֪īԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ˣͬʵɫòͬͺܶȼõı׼TӦܶӦȵģ֤ܶȲһԡ2.Ӧܶȵļݹʽ1ͣ2ԽƷī̹TӦܶùʽ3ʽУλɰҪȡ10nm20nmȡΪ20nm∏TGֵɱ2̹ӦĶֵig∏TGó𲨳∏TGƷīԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ij˻ֵ33∏TG׷ρ(λ)ij˻ɱ3еõ∏TG∏TG.ρ(λ)ֵ빫ʽ3ɵƷīTӦܶȡӦʽ㷽TӦơ(4)ʵX-Rite518ƫƬӦʽTGEIԴ׼ԴAɫ2856K׷Χ400nm-700nm׾3.4mm45°/0°(ANSI&ISO׼)״DRS24棬31㱨档ţӡˢCMYʵɫ顣ȫУ׼X-Rite518ΪͬӦʽֱʵɫܶȲ2ʾɱ2ûӦʽܶ߼ͼ24ӦʽIJTab.2measurementdataofconventionalresponsemodesͼ2Ӧʽܶͼ2֪TGEӦʽDCDMֵһ£ֻǻīܶTӦIӦΪTGEӦʽʹõǿɫƬɫƬ糣õ׵25ɫƬ׵47ɫƬGӦʽΪɫӡˢտӦTӦʽƣֻǶڽŨĻɫīȽУԲDrֵϴ󣬶EӦʽʹ׵47BխɫƬԶڻɫīõDrGӦӦʽIANSIƶһխӦʽˣгӦʽУIӦõܶǻīֵܶTӦ߳36.8īȵϸ΢仯ҲŴ36.8%Ӧʽڼʱīȵı仯ɫΪɫӾһֿоڻƽ⣬ɫУʱӦѡTӦʽΪĿܶȼƣڲīȡӡʺʱխܶȼƣ߾ȷȡġΪʵͼƵı׼ܶȼھȫУ׼󣬱Ӧʽȷѡֻʵֲݵһԣǽб׼ݽǰᣬҲʵͼƼ׼ĹؼڡձῨܴȨ֤Ϻ޿޹˾µϺ˾̩·Ƽ޹˾£ҵɵı׼ԴҵͨISO9001ϵ֤ձῨܴ2006꿪ʼһֱȨ˾༭113̳նȼƵʹ÷ԭ նȼ(տ˹)һרŲȡȵDZDzǿ(ն) 屻ij̶ȣҲõĹͨ뱻֮ȡնȼͨػغ΢ɡնȼƲԭ: ǰѹֱתɵܵĹԪ䵽رʱ͸Ĥ4뵼2ͽĤ4ķֽϣڽϲЧӦλĴСܹϵնһıϵʱ·ͻеֵͨտ˹LxΪ̶ȵ΢ָʾĴСȡǿͻ·еĵ衣նȼб䵵װã˿ԲնȣҲԲնȡ նȼƵࣺ1.Ŀնȼƣʹò㣬Ȳߣʹá2.նȼƣնȼƺ͹նȼơնȼƵʹҪ󣺡1.:΢ŦڡءV(λ)˹ɡ(Se)ػ(Si)նȼ,ֳտ˹2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵնȼƵʹò裺ٴ򿪵Դڴ򿪹ӣˮƽڲλáѡʺϲλʾֻʾ“1”ʾնȹҪ̼նȼƿʼʾʾնֵʾʾݲϵر䶯ʾݱȽȶʱHOLDݡ޶ȡ¼ʾĹ۲ֵ۲ֵڶʾֵij˻磺Ļʾ500½ʾ״̬Ϊ“×2000”նȲֵΪ1000000lx500×2000ٰһأȡֵܡÿһι۲ʱβ¼ÿһβɺ󣬰µԴؼжϵԴϹӣŻغնȼһҪ: С (Compact SizeLight Weight)նȼʹõĻdz㷺õʱҲڲͬijԿЯʽСΪնȼƵĵһȾ ׼ȷȩzAccuracy{նȼƵݬ񣬺׼ȷоԵĹϵȻҲļ۸ϢϢأԺļ۸׼ȷȽϸߵնȼʵбҪһ±15%Ϊˡ ɫʲ zColor Compensation{ԴЩƫزϳĵĺɫϵѹ 򲨳϶ɫϵDaylightչƣҲзֲȽƽ׳ϵУͬһնȼƶԲͬIJȿвͬʶȵIJҪ ҲzCosine Compensation{Ҷ֪ԴǶйءͬĵնȼʱӦzSensor{ԴǶȻնȼƵĶֵӰ졣һõնȼǷҲĹʵڲɺԡնȼע2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵơնȼƵãնǵеĹϵĹգɷֹ¹ʵķ֮Ĺ߿ƣ͵ij̶ԶԶ۾ıˣʻϲ¹ʺƣ͵Ҫԭ֮һͳϱְҵͶ¹Լ30ֱӻ߲ɵġݣĹҪǷdzϸģչǿӰЧôǾסڶնȵѧҪأնѧһʮҪָꡣָ۾оĵŷ䣬߽۾ɲ֪ΪӾĹָɼ⣬䲨Χ380760nmף֮䡣ĿǰɹɷΪȻɹ˹ԴࡣȻɹָں͵ȻնȣֱӵչɢΧķ⣬òɹϵȻնȱʾɹϵָɹڵЧڵ֮ȡһסլIJɹϵ15115֮䣬ס18110֮䣨ڵȻնϵȻնˮƽǷӳڵĺͬʱĹϵҲӳعȻԴնָܺͣΪ˵Ĺҹƶйڣնȵ׼ڹ̳꣩ն׼≥100Lxͼݡݡݡչ̨նȵ׼≥100Lxԡն׼≥50Lxԡңܡءԡ≥30Lxɣԡ≥30Lx.йնȵı׼¹Ƽֶǿ칫Ұ鹤Ϊ300Lx֣ͼΪ750LxڹϵӾնҪΪ1000LxƵꡢΪ200LxӴ㡢ɹΪ200Lx̵ijΪ15002000LxҽԺΪ150200LxΪ500LxѧУΪ400700LxʳáڽΪ300LxȡնȴСIJһնȼƲնȼƿɲͬǿȣԿɼⲨκ߲εIJṩ׼ȷIJ֮ն彡Ƕ۾ıżҪѧ塣?ӣhttp://www.11317.com/article-1474.htmlתע113̳ǽ۾ѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ1ѧĿ֪ʶ뼼ܢ֪۾ijԭԽۺԶ۵ij˽⣬֪͸ԸıλôӶﵽĿġ֪͹͸ܳСʵԭƳɵġdz˽΢ԶĽṹá뷽ȹ۲۾Զ۾ľƬо־Ƭáʵʲѧա΢۲΢С壬Զ۲Զ壬ѧӦIJֵ̬ۢ˹͹͸ʵеӦãѧ֪ʶؼᷢչӰ졣ǿʶע2̲˵ҪУ˽۾ĽṹԭۺԶ۵ijо۾Զ۾ã˽Ļṹͳԭ˽΢ԶĽṹãѧʹ΢Զչݣ۾۾΢Զǰѧ͸֪ʶʵеӦáˣݶѧ͹͸Ĺɣѧй֪ʶĸʶѧѧϰȤϵʵʵѧ̬ȣγɽѧ֪ʶʶȣҪ塣ڵıд˼·ǣѧȽϤԭֽΪ򵥵۾ʼȽ۾ģԼۺԶ۵ijô˽ۺԶνأΪʲô۾ľƬǰ͸Զ۾ľƬ͹͸“1”оЩѧȽϹĵ⡣۾ľ׼ȷر֣Ƿ“Ӱı”Ļṹͳԭ΢ԶҲ͸ԭƳɵģִѧогõľ˵ǵijȽϸӣԱڽ̲ѧʶ΢Զͳ̲Ĺ͹͸ɵӦãһֻܷŴ󾵡ͶӰǡŶý弼IJϷչʽͶӰʹԽԽ٣й֪ʶѧչ˵ʵüֵԱ̲ûнͶӰǣ۾۾΢ԶԼǿγѧִƼϵڽѧص㣺ˮƽߣѽǧ򻧣۾ѧأѧЩ֪ʶѧ˵νã۾DZڽѧص㡣ڽѧѵ㣺ûµ͹ɣֻչԵؽ͸֪ʶʵеӦãΪʶ˽֪ʶѶȲȶԣۺԶ۵ijͽҪѧ˼еĵDZڽѧѵ㡣3ѧ鱾ݶΪʶ˽֪ʶѧۡʵоȷʽнѧý̲ġͼý塢ʵȽѧԴѧ˽͸Ĺ㷺Ӧã ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧ13죬TILOϺֹ˾ҵӢɽ 2011422-24գTILOϺ˾Ϊף13꣬Ϻֹ˾ҵӢǰɽΡ಻Ⱥɽ“ɽɽ”ȻɽľƺʯɡȪرλþһʤա ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 1 Ӣˬӭ ӭͦ嶫࣬ⶴϣʯ˰ꡣʼɽָϡ10ңؾ64ףؾ75ף֦¸25סǧв76׵֦չǰǡһλÿ͵ˣչ˫ۣ黶ӭɽɱΪɽɵĴ̬ԾҶǣͦΣɰʫԻ“ɰǰľɣɫʡ˫۴ӭ¿ͣĺٸꡣ”˵ˣĿôɣʱ˱׷㾰Ϊҡðеľ޷ӭɡǸġӭ⣬Ϊлÿ͵ӭΪ֮屦ǵ֮ġƺ λڻɽвϣ춼塣Ϊ36֮һ1864ףǻɽ߷壬Ҳǻ߷塣ϼμ˵“ӻɽ֮У֮”“춼ษ”ƾĿܵóȷĽۣڵʱȷ˲ķָ֡Ϊɽ߷ĵһˡ˷͸ʣΰͻأСӵٲŭţ“”ʫԻ“һϼͤͤ覡ңʸƾ¶嶥ʮɻ”ӡʫƣ“ij𣬷ߺԡĿɽ£ͷƶӦ㣬ҲԳӰ᰹ǧ״ܵδԡ”зҵɡԲ࣬Ի“ʯ”һһ“ɳ”Ϸ嶥һߣһɫԶ֮СھʵӣԶĿհ®Ż볤磬˷ƺ۵ףޱ׳ۡݴŴ嶥“”û 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1candela=0.981candle3.ʲôͨ?ͨĵλʲô? 𣺹ͨφĶǣԴǵԴڵλʱ,пɲӾߣܸоķͨΪͨͨĵλΪдlm1lumenlmΪһʱ׼ĹԴڵλ廡ͨĹͨΪ4πR2һͨһͨ1/4π˵4π,˰Ķ֪һcdĵԴ4πφ=4πI⣩ٶΩΪС廡ǣڡΩڹͨφСφ=ΩI 4.һӢĺʲô? һӢָһĹԴԴǵԴһӢԶϵĹնȣдΪ1ftc1 lm/ft2/Ӣ2ÿƽӢյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ1ftc=10.76 lux5.һĺʲô? һָһĹԴԴǵԴһԶϵĹնȣΪտ˹luxҲдlxÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ/26. 1 luxĺʲôÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱն7.նȵĺʲô? նȣEĶΪ嵥λܵĹͨ˵ܹڵλʱÿλܵĹȣλӢ⣨ftcʾ8.նȡ֮ʲôϵ? նȡĹϵǣE(ն)=I()/r2(ƽ)9.նȴСЩй? 𣺱նԴķǿȼ͹Դ֮ľйأ뱻ɫʼС޹1881꣬ĶΪ1Ƴ֮120mg/hٶˮƽȼյˮƽϵķǿȺʹùԴ֬׳ơƵ1948꣬Բ̵ĺ1967꣬candela101325Pa£ڲ¶ȵĺ1/600000m^2ڴֱϵķǿ1979꣬candelaǷɫƵΪ540*10^12HzĵɫĹ׹ЧK=683lm/W󾭳ҰͿͬʵƫ.ЩλĻû̫ʵ塣ձĵ1lm=cd 1cd=WĻϵҲοΪcdlmwһЩϵ(nm) CIE ӦĹЧϵ Ӧ/صĻ380 0.0000 0.05390 0.0001 0.13400 0.0004 0.27410 0.0012 0.82420 0.0040 2.73430 0.0116 7.91440 0.0230 15.7450 0.0380 25.9460 0.0600 40.9470 0.0910 62.1480 0.1390 94.8490 0.2080 142.0500 0.3230 220.0510 0.5030 343.0520 0.7100 484.0530 0.8620 588.0540 0.9540 650.0550 0.9950 679.0555 1.0000 683.0560 0.9950 679.0570 0.9520 649.0580 0.8700 593.0590 0.7570 516.0600 0.6310 430.0610 0.5030 343.0620 0.3810 260.0630 0.2650 181.0640 0.1750 119.0650 0.1070 73.0660 0.0610 41.4670 0.0320 21.8680 0.0170 11.6690 0.0082 5.59700 0.0041 2.78710 0.0021 1.43720 0.0010 0.716730 0.0005 0.355740 0.0003 0.170750 0.0001 0.082760 0.0001 0.041ISO12233ͷֱʵʹ÷1.÷ΧCIPA׼DC-0032003¼Ʊ׼)þֹƬ¼ƣDSCڲƷĿ¼мؾֹƬķֱʱñ׼涨IJ2.ñ׼ļڱ׼б׼ǽɱ׼涨һ֡Щñ׼°汾׷ݣISO122332000 Photography-Electronic still-picturecameras - resolutionmeasurementsISO7589:2002 Photography–Illuminants forsensitometry-Speccificationsfordaylight,incandescenttungstenandprinter3.Pa) ֱresolution⣬ɷֱ澫ϸͼļޡԻÿλ߶ȵʾb) aliasingƵСͼźŸƵʵ2ʱڲƵʵĸߴгص°Ӱǵ䣨꣩д湤ҵ19884ͼ4.1ISO12233ֱʲԿ׼12233Ϊ,ͼ(ͼ4.1,¼ISOͼ)ҲֱISO12233ͼISOͼаʽ׼ӾֱʣҪʹеˮƽJ1K1ֱJ2K2б45ȷJDKDʽISO12233м3ֲISOͼIJɹο912233ʹISOͼʱһֱʹøͼҲԼIJ֣ƴкʹISO12233ҪSine Patterns˾Applied Image˾Լձ,йԴӴ 4.2ISOͼֵĺӰʱͼЧ߶ȣ򳤱߿ͼ4.1ʱֿڲĸ߶ȣռ,ͼ*100Ϊÿλ߶ȵ.ʱһҪЧ߶ռ,ʱҪб궨(ο5.2ȡͼ).4.3ISOͼͼҲԼʹISOͼͬͼʱISO12233й涨ISOͼȻЩ涨Ҫ󣩡a) ׵ײֵķRmaxɫֵķRmin֮Ϊ80>Rmax>Rmin>40ISO12233ĵ4.5b) ͼλþ涨λΪ0.2mm߶ȵ+-0.1%ISO12233ĵ4.8c) ߿Ϊ+-5%ISO1233ĵ4.8d) ˫ͼK1K2ϸ֣İɫֺͺɫ֣ķʱRmax/RminΪ18ϡΪ“Ƽ”ˮƽISO12233AnnexBҲʹ͸ͼʱĿķӦͳ͸ʡʹ͸ͼʱɢ޹Ƿͻ͸ͣͼԷֹԡ55.1 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TES-133020,200,2,000,20,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10Ϊȷնֵ) TES-1332200,2,000,20,000,200,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10200,000luxʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) TES-133420,200,2,000,20,000lux/fc(20,000lux/fcʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) ע1fc10.76Lux ׼ ȷ ȣ±3> rdg±0.5> f.s 10,000lux׼ȷΪ±4> rdg±10> dgts ɫ2856K׼ƽУ ظԣ±2> ¶ԣ±0.1> /档 ȡ ʣ2.0/롣 壺帽˹⾵Ƭ ʪȣ0 ~ 40(32> ~ 104> )0 ~ 80> RH ʪȣ-10 ~ 50(14> ~ 104> )0 ~ 70> RH ʾλ"1"ʾ Դ9Vأʽ006PIEC6F22NEDA1604 ʹԼ200Сʱ(Alkaline) ߳ȣ150cm ߴ磺100(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm ߴ磺135(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm 250g ʹ˵顢Ƥסء ƺ͹ܣ> Һʾ32/1λҺʾֵ1999ʾΧ o TES-1330"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"BT"o TES-1332"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"×100"(ֵ100)"BT"o TES-1334"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"fc""P""BT"> Χָʾ o TES-1330ʾ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ʾ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ʾ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> ԴأлԴON/OFF> ֵأHOLDһΣ"H"ţܺLCDֵ֮նȲٰһHOLDأȡHOLDܲ²նȡ> ֵأPEAKһΣ"P"ţ׷ٹźţֵֵַ½ʣԼÿ101λٰһPEAKأȡPEAKܲ²նȡTES-1334д˿عܡ> LUXλأLUXһΣ"LUX"ţնֵLUXλʾ> fcλأfcһΣ"fc"ţնֵfcλʾ> Χأ o TES-1330ѡ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ѡ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ѡ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> á> ģDCѹ(ѡ)> ֧ܣ(ѡ)ġ> 򿪵Դ> ѡʺϲλ> 򿪹ͷǣԴ֮ˮƽλá> ȡնȼLCDֵ֮> ȡֵ֮λ"1"ʾʾӦѡϸߵλ> 趨20000LUX/fcλʱʾֵ×10Dzֵ趨200,000LUXλʱʾֵ×100Dzⶨֵ> ֵأѹHOLDһ£LCDʾ"H"ţʾֵѺһHOLDأȡֵܡ> ֵźţѹPEAKһΣLCDʾ"P"ţֵѺPEAKһΣظԡ> ɺ󣬽ͷǸǻأԴOFF塢ظ> صʱLCDϳ"BT"ָʾʾء> ƿвԶ֮Դͷָʾ򿪵ظǡӵؿȡµأһö9Vء> ϵظǡԣߡά> ڸ¡ʪ²> ʹʱ豣ָɾ> ԴԲο׼λܹˡ> Ȼʹʱ͡Уάֻȷȡˡֳնȱ׼ο> LUXնֵ10.76fcնֵ.ѡʵԶ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡձKONICA MINOLTA(Ῠܴ)Яʽɫ.Ŀǰгϳ۵Զ෱࣬ĿϾӡܵ˵ɰ¼֣ز֣ͬйģԻ¹ȣڵģϡ㶫㽭Ĵȣ̽Ӳ֣ͬл顢ӵԶȣ;֣ͬб䱶ˮҹӾŴ֣ͬеͱ2~5߲Ʒб7~10߱15~70 ѡԶʱĿм֣ô⼸˵ʲôأԾһ˵һ¡10×50mm5°ʾŴΪ10ᄉֱΪ50ףҰΪ5ȣ1000ҰΪ87.4ף˻ΪԽԽãʵȻŴҰȳɷȣŴԽҰԽСͲᄉֱԽ࣬ڹ߲ʱֱԽǿȻµԶЯôһ˵оʴӣֻҪȡ̣ͬԹһܺԶڴἸ㽨ԹѡԶʱΪοһ뵽ϻ򺣱Σ벻ҪǹһܷˮԶرЯϵмNIGULAϵзˮԶڶι۹⣬ɹһС߱䱶ܵԶ㵽ЩԶ۶ɽ֮̽”Σյش棬ǾӦùһܸ߱ԶģҪԻʱУùһܱ䱶Զ˵һʹ÷Ϊ䱶Զɴӵͱ𽥵߱ʹʱӦõͱҰдȻø߱СҰϸ۲졣ʹԶԶ۲Զһں¡ﶼŲɵ͹áеȴʹòͷۻŻµ ʹԶӦҪ㣺ڴŵԶʱҪϸһ£־ƬùҪøɾ鿴Ӷȵװú͵ͫ׼ӲǷװӶȷֻе۵ӶȲͬҪֱװֻʹÿֻ۾ؿͫ׼ʹľͼصһ𡣡۲ʱ̬Ҫ磬پӦƽȡþʱգ壬۲ʱ֧šȷĽӶλáͬͺŵԶͫ׾벻һ£۾Ҳ磬62ʽ8Զѽ۾Ȧѱ״̬ʱӶλýΪˣʱͫ׾Ϊ˺ס۲ĿꡣĿľ룬ֻ۲ԶĿ꣬Ӧھ۲ת뾵ڡȸԺȷ˳й۲졣ΪˣӦϤȷʹòֻͬӦλֻԾԶԣԱѸٵرĿλã߹۲Чʣþʱ䡣ѩ졢ǿ⡢Ȳͬ£ҪװӦ˹⾵ƬԼٰѩǿ۵Ĵ̼оijжȡʹôкйԶʱҪѺйοԱйľҷҰСӰ۲ЧƽʱҪƱܣֹ˾棬ࡢˬܳ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢҵռı׼Դ(һ) 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׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢеı׼۲ISO 3664 ɫʺܶȲӡˢжԸпƵij÷Ƕһͼ˵ЩصIJԷܴ۶ԶɫЧۡӡˢУҪǽͼͼԭбȽϣжɫʸƵĻԭ̶ȡ磬һƵIJɫͼɫۣõһַǽЩͼһԭͼԭʵ̶ȵĽۡ ɣӡˢжӡƷƽпƵĸѹ۲ӦӡƷĹ۲컷ʮĹ۲컷ˢԱͿͬ½ӡˢƷƷʼˡһ㲻̫ܣҪǣĹ۲ԭ塢ƬͬšӡˢƷֱӵĶԱȡΪڹԴع۲£ÿһֲϵɫʽֱӰͼЧǵıֳͬΪ˱ɫʸЧ⣬ڲƷƹʹȶĹ۲ʮֱҪġ۲컷Χڵ棬ɫҳں̶ܴӰŹ۲߶Թ۲Ľڵɫʸоƣʹñ׼۲й۲졣һĹ۲̨ڷӵijһ֡ԣԹ۲컷ĿʮҪΪȷеĸƻʹͳһĹ۲ƼͳһĹ۲׼ڱСڲɫӡˢƷƬĹ۲Ƽı׼ISO3664µİ汾1999Ƴ±׼Ƴ֮ǰѾ׼1975ġISO3664 ۲ɫ͸Ƭ͸ƷANSIġPH2.30-1989 ӡˢƷƬɫӡˢƷͶ伤ƷĹ۲йع۲׼ƼʮƣȫͬµISO3664׼ĸİ1994ĩʼģANSIЭʾп׼ΪANSI׼ӡˢƻУҪ֤ȶһµĹ۲¼ؼأ1ԴĹֲ2ԴķǿȺ;ȶ3۲컷۲컷ݣ4ȶ ISO3664°汾ҪƼ׼ͬʱп׼ڲɫĻϽͼ۲죬ͼƬչͼ͵ҲƼ˱׼ͬʱӡˢҵ1жISO3664Ĺ۲׼еĹؼĿ˽ܡ1˲ƼΪ˲ɫʾIJοƶ˹ԴĹֲܷԲɫʾָ˰׵ɫ̶ȡЩ˵Ǹ1976u’10’10UCSϵͳӾ۲õ2͸ӡƷбȽʱ͸ԴնͬӡƷ۲ƽնȱ2+-.213ɫʾĻӦСڻ32 lxһ㡴=64 lxʹáԴı궨׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡ1 ISO еָ۲ ISO۲ οɫ(1) ն ɫָ(CIE13.2׼) ͬɫָ(CIE51) ȶ(min:max) ķ/ն/ ӡƷļȽ(PI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 2000 lx+-500 lx(Ϊ+-250 lx) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 λø1mX1mƽ>=0.75 1mX1mƽ>=0.6 <60%(ӦΪԻҲ޷) ͸ֱӹ۲(TI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2(Ϊ160cd/m^2)(2) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: B >=0.75 5%-10%ˮƽ(ӦΪԻ,50mm) ӡƷʵ(P2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 500+-125 lx ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 >=0.75 <60%(ΪԻҲ޷) ͸ƬͶӰ۲(T2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2 ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪB >=0.75 ˮƽΪ5%-10%(ԻҲڸ50mm) ɫʾ D65Դɫ(0.025) 75 cd/m^2(Ϊ>100cd/m^2) _____ _____ _____ Իҡһڣ3 ׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡǰı׼УƥʹCIEɫָָӳһϵб׼ɫD50Դ±ֵɫʵʹ۲ԴµʾɫƳ̶ȡǴɫʾй׵ķߣUVϹϹЧҳʲӰ죬ǾͿʹ1795ı׼øˡǰ,ɫʹϵͳڴͼʱ,ʹ¼:ȾתơīȵȡЩʽʹͼɫʷЩʹõԭɫȼϣƥƬīӡˢɫЧʱǵķƥɫ߻ijЩطͻͬɫƥ䡣ͬɫƥĸɫı仯ʮСֻʹɫָԴѾˡ±׼бɫָһͬʱµı׼ӶȺUVɫָָCIE׼No.511981--۹ԴķЩʹ˸Ӹӵƥ׼һ궨һ궨UVֵԱϸĶʵʹԴCIE D50֡Ҳ˵±׼۲豸ṩȶĹ۲⽫Ϊ²ϻӫƶֽźīԶֵ⡣IJʾھɱ׼ΪǽϺõĹ۲豸󲿷Ҳͬ±׼ڱ׼綨豸ܴ,Ҫ Ի˵ƼָǿеģЩҪһĹһֽGATF/RHEMĹԴָʾڹ۲ȷʱԹ۲컷档װֱװڹ£ѹԱ۲컷ʮַ㡣ҪעǣGATF/RHEM˵۲ȷԡˮƽ±׼Ƽնȣն(P1)2000+-500 lx,ͱȽͼʱʹãն(P2)500+-25 lxģ۲ͼ׵۲졣ڱ׼ڼۺͱȽϷ޸ʮֱҪ磬ȽԭŵЧӡˢбȽϺͬźӡˢͼϸ΢ɫʲڴƼ׼ɴˣܹ۲һӦȣնˮƽı仯ҲͼıЧʮӰ졣Ϊģͼ۲컷ʹƼĵնˮƽ(P2)ȻճĹ۲еҲڱ仯DZ׼նѡƽ۲ǾдԵҵУնˮƽƼӦ˺ܴ顣̫նƼԣڱ׼֮󸽼ʾ˵ע“ǿȽͼϸЧ”ʱڸƽʱ۲ն½У⽫ڹ۲ͼϸ΢磺һźͬһӡˢܹ׵ıȽ֡ԣеŻͼȽϱP1½СǣڵһͼĽ׵ƺʵУĹ۲½С߶ͼĹ۲һµġȻĹ۲ǿ֪ܲٲ˽۲£ʹõ͵۲ģĹ۲Ҫȷͼİϸֱܹ档P2David McDowell֮һΪӦǿ¼ʵӦ÷⣺򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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CHIPS]154ͷ۲ɫ56е޺ɫϵЯɫƱʽУͼļϿʵּһµɫʽɫ˳еִɫʣʹѡΪֱۡṩī䷽Ŀǰ빤̼ݡʹıֽţϳӡˢÿɫʾڰſ˺ʽɫƱĶҳʽҳӡˢҳɵҳΪҳװ䳣ɫʡص㣺ɫɫ㷺154ַ۲ɫ56޺ɫɫ˳ÿɫʶɶصPANTONEżʶɸҳϵĿ˺ʽɫƱFSC׼ıֽŲͨɫʹ[PANTONE COLOR MANAGER Software]ԱڳõӦóиPANTONEɫŵ㣺ִгɫʹõıЯʽҳʽɫ˳аʽڲɫʵһֲѡʹɫƱָѡɫʵ׼ȷɫʽÿɫƱṩӡˢ׼ɫʷΧҳʹӡˢϵɫʼ㡢׼ȷϵͳõȫPANTONEӪɵ֧pantone ”ͨ“·۲ɫ CUɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301 ԭװڣCUɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 590.00г: 850.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ TPXɫ PANTONE FGP100 ԭװڣTPXɫڷ֯Ҿװεҵ㷺ʹá10꾭רҵ 860.00г: 1200.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONEͨɫ GP4001 CMYK - ֽͭ&ֽ µPLUSϵͳCMYKָ[PLUS SERIES CMYK Guide]2,868ɫʣɫʽ԰ɫ˳УʹɫʹɸΪѡɫΪֱۡЩָDzοͿ塢ʶ߽硢ͼɫЧ빤ߡ 1050.00г: 1390.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ ɫ ͨɫӰ PANTONEӰ 113̳ǣɫṩPANTONE PMSȫϵɫӰPantone? Matching System Color Chart PMS Colors Used For PrintingѷУ 0.00г: 0.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 10ڴרҵ 7150.00г: 11800.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ Cɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301C() ԭװڣCɫɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 380.00г: 550.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱȹϲDZҵչʮѸ٣طҹDZҵ״༰ԭ ϲDZҵչʮѸ٣һЩؼͲƷͻƣҹ񾭼÷չĶԡԺͰȫԶԶӰ졣 1 ״ Ŀǰ󲿷ֹDZƷļˮƽڹϾʮڵˮƽе͵ƷƷֻȫܹȶ磬繤DZڹгռʴ 95% 13% Ʒڡÿñ 700 ̨ 90 ңе͵ñIJռܲ 80% иߵƷѽӽˮƽڹӦü棬Ѿܹеһֹش󹤳DZϵͳ׹ 60 ǧ߻飬 350 / װã 20000m 3 /h շװá˵վ浺ϵͳȣʼѹش󹤳ȫ⹫˾¢ϵľ档ڸ߼ԶDZϵͳѧԪȲƷľϣDZҵ϶൱ľء˵ 2003 DZгʢѸ١ܵվʩ̡סլ͹гůӰ죬ҵԶDZϵͳDZˮüDZе͵ѧѸ١ͳƾֺйҵͳƣ 2003 DZܶΪ 921 Ԫͬ 25.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 174 Ԫͬ 29.9% ѧΪ 154 Ԫͬ 40.18% ԼΪ 16 Ԫͬ 35.6% ܼDZΪ 180 Ԫͬ 36.3% ҽ 80 Ԫͬ 11.9% ݹҺغйҵͳƣ 2003 ꣬ҹDZҵƷֵ 29.4 Ԫͬ 52.6% 2003 DZĽڽΪ 91.5 Ԫͬ 67.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 16.7 Ԫѧʵ͹ѧΪ 28.8 ԪҽΪ 10 ԪݣйDZ 2003 гΪDZ 2003 ܶ–DZ 2003 ܶ + 2003 DZĽڽ = 921 – 29.4 × 8.3 + 91.5 × 8.3 = 921 – 244.02 + 759.45 = 1436.43 ԪԪıȼ = 1: 8.3 ˣԺŵ˵ҹDZĶ֮һɽڲƷģʵռ 52.87% ⹫˾еƷԼؼ㲿ռ˹ 60% ϵгݶͺ͸߾ȵDZȫڡ 2IJ IJҪڣ ƷĿɿԽϲԻ칤յоһЩӰɿԵĹؼ羫ܼӹܷ⼼Ӽûеõܺý²ƷرǸߵƷܲȶͿɿйڸߵƷĿɿָ꣨ƽ޹ʱ䣩ƷȣҪ 1 2 ƷܡйڲƷڲҪƷ 1 ڹϣĿǰƷ̶ܻ൱ߣͨԭʼϢִõųⲿŶϢӰ죬˲ƷͻԺͲʵԡвƷ̶ܻȻϵ͡⣬Ʒ绯ڹѾʵý׶Σҹϴ𲽽׶Ρ ƷµƷĸڴԼ 2 3 ꡣ¼ĴǰʮꡣҹҵͨʵһƷĸ£ֲܺܺգ²ƷԭԳɹ١һЩԭIJƷҹڿհ״̬Ժڸ¼Ȼгɹҵϲҵ൱ѡ ȱʹöרýDZķչǿDZӦöܽϵƷûṩԻĽ 60 ǧ߻Ļܼ͹յŻרҽͼδȡҹҵⷽδγɲҵ 2.2 ҵۺʵIJ ҵۺʵIJҪڣ ҵģСDZҵֵܲϵ͡ǾСھеıҲС 2003 DZֵܲռֵ GDP 0.82% ڹҵֵܲ 1.79% ҵҼͱ׼оԺ NIST ıƣ 90 DZҵֵռҵֵܲ 4% DZҵҵСҵȫҵйģҵ 1887 ۶ 10 ԪIJ 15 ҵְΪ 51 ȱۺʵǿ“콢”ҵҵĵƷгǿȱۺʵ϶гſ⡣ˣг洦ơҵȱ͹̵Ĺ ҵͶʵ͡DZڸ߿ƼҵͶɱòԡҵˮƽձҵˣ߼ƷҵͶԶҵ ҵͶձ鲻㡣ڹҵȫССҵ涼֧㹻ġڵļͶ롣ԿѧΪһ⹫˾ĿͶռ۶ 10% ҹռ 3% 3ϲҪԭ лƲӦг÷չҪڷչĹУһͶʵĹǸҵٲƷϻԱʧϾ棬뾭Ӫѣһƴ¡ҵ𲽳Ϊµ㣬δȽļ³ɹ٣˾⡣ ѧСڣãлϵƺûγɡDZǵ֪ʶܼܼͲƷڸ߿ƼչǶָ¼ںϵۺ壬ˣѧСõлϾԵʮҪָΪսˮƽظγɺȱЧгɹҵʵ͵Ȼʮͻ ȱǿо֧ԮơDZҵƷֶࡢСҪڵġֲиͶ롣ĿǰͶͶЧ治ѡͶ;ɢԼص㡣ѡоɹĹ͸вơҵȲȫгù뾺ȱоԴսͶʡ¼гҪгٵȹսԡ ⣬ȱ߲εĸ˲źϤͨѧƽۺ˲ţҲɲһҪԭ򡣵Ӽɫϵͳķչɫԭ īɫӰӡˢƷĹؼָ֮һˣīĵͳӡǰزٵĹɫĻԭɫʺϳɫΪɫϵͷʽõͬɫɫЧŵӼķչԴ洢ݣиɫѧܶԴīݼɫֵдͨ˻Իɫٶȿ졢ȸߣӡˢ򣬿ʹɫʹִ һɫķչص 1.ɫķչ ڹҵңɫйصҵ֯ӡȾȾϡϡͿҵɫӹīҵձüɫϵͳΪƷƼ۵ߣռʺܸߡ磬Ĺѧ˾ƿ˸˱˹ī䷽Ink Formulation4.0Ϊӡӡˢӡˢתӡҵƾȷ䷽Զ䷽ͨٶȿص㣬ܹƵͳɱ䷽ڽѺã֤䷽ȷһƵijɹʡ 10ҹ½˸ͺŵɫϵͳȡЧIJࡣƵŷӹҵصΪɫƷȶڼӹҵȻԼص㣬ɫƷʵȶԲһЩĿǰɫϵƷֲϸ£ͻĴӿ֣еɫϵͳԴȱĵɫϵͳʵӦѡ оԺ1984꿪ʼоɫϵͳУ˼άʽɫǹڱȽɫøϵͳܼ۸Ϊϵͳ1/3ڻףܼ۸Ϊڵ1/2ϵͳ70ʹãȾϡӡȾëġ֯ᡢī𽺡ֽɫйصҵ⣬ѧƿ˲òɫܶȼܶȵɫϵͳƹӦõķ㷺ԡĿǰķչ̬ɫѾΪδīɫеһҪɲ֡ 2.ɫص 1Լɫʱ䣬ͳɱɫЧʡ 2ڽ϶̵ʱڼ䷽ 3īɫݿ⣬Ҫʱʹá 4㡣 5ɫ䷽ɫļɼʾӡɫҲʽС 6ϵͳ磺ӳϵͳСߣΪʽӡƷӡƷϵͳκ쳣ʱͻͣٲҪ˷ѡ ɫԭϵͳ 1.Kubelka-Munkۼ K-M1931ֱ1958ſʼɹڷ֯ӡȾҵӡˢҵӦøʼ2070ձȹҿļɫϵͳԲۡ ͨK-M۵һϵƵɫĺʽ䵼ʽ K/S=(1-r)2/2r r=K/S+1-[(K/S+1)2-1]1/2 ʽrµķʣKΪϵ޺ƽУɢ΢ԪȽʲԹʣSΪɢϵ΢ԪȶԹɢʡ ĿǰΪֹɫCCMĻԭȻK-MۡӾƥ䷽׷ɫɫƽ㷨ȶK-MΪġK-MʵӦУۼʵ֮䳣ֲ죬ԭɹΪء K-M۱һļƵġ һɫΪxһ΢Ԫdxʱǽķ䣬ضӦø۵ɫǽûָͬĽУΪʹ򻯶Խϲָͬ㷨 ڶdxɫxڵһ΢Ԫ㣬ϵɢϵʹʱΪɫͬȵģּٶӦͻϡ ɫڵɫǻеģʹɫڵĹճΪһɢʽȫûɢЧӦУͨʵӦУڱƬʽͻĤУˮƽʱͨͨٶƻ ģڱɫϣɢѾɫڲڰɫ൱ĹɢǰѱգЩɫĹɢ״̬ʹʵֽϴ졣 ӡˢҵīЧʱ뿼ǹϿ໥üīʡʵӦУӦ˵K-Mа˫ֱΪϵKɢϵS,īԹɢʵɢȿԺԣīijɫԭҪīԹѡգīīȼīŨȵӰ졣K-MԲ͸Ϊǰģӡˢʹõī͸Ի͸ԵģˣK-Mкܴ㡣 2.ֵ̼мīɫ (1)ֵ̼ɫ ĿǰĵɫϵͳʹõѧģK/SΪK/SľԺӡˢҵص㣬ֵ̼ɫķ÷ʹK/Sֵʵȱɫֵָ̼꣬Ϊɫָꡣ K/S۵ĻҲɽֵ̼ɫҪֶνK/SֵŨȵݿ⣬оֵ̼Ũ֮Ĺϵֵ̼ٷֱ֮ĹϵӡˢУתֵ̼ٷֱ֮ķҪŦ鱤תþ仯תͲòұתѡɫ׽ұת(2)ֵ̼ɫԭ CIE׼ɫѧϵͳκȻɫùֵ̼XYZʾĿǰȽIJɫѡɫϵͳκɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ʾɫԭҪͬɫԭɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ֱȣΪͬɫ ɫ׽IJұֵ̼ɫīٷֱ֮Ĺϵijɫīabcӡɣīٷֱȷֱlmnīabclmnīռ(1-l)+(1-m)+(1-n)ɫϵͳCIE׼ԴD65ĺ10°ӳµݽм㣬ͬʱCIELABɫʽΔEab=[(ΔL)2+(Δa)2+(Δb)2]1/2׼ɫɫ֮ɫ ǿԿֵ̼мɫʹɫضԴµɫݱʾɫֵ̼ī֮ڶӦĹϵɫ䷽ǷҪ (3)ֵ̼ɫ ɫ׸ɫֵ̼͸īٷֱݿ⡣ɫʱĿɫֵ̼뵽ϵͳУϵͳī䷽ԤɫīԺٲֵ̼ɼɫʽɫһָѸƳϸͬɫɫ ɫʸƵҪϣݹұ׼ͬɫװӡˢƷɫΔE*abȷҪ󣬱ѡΔE*ab≤3 ɫװ˳Ĵ󲿷ɫɫڵɫֱӲҵõīȣɫڵɫԲȡɫҵɫСɫȻͨԲֵ⡣ 3.ɫϵͳ 1ɫϵͳĹ ɫϵͳǼɫǡɫϵͳһִ豸ɫĻǽɫīɫԤȴڵУȻЩīɫĻϱԴﵽԤ䷽Ŀġ 2ɫϵͳ ټɫϵͳӲ ʹWindowsϵͳӲ̴洢ռ20MBֹܶȼƣɫס ڼɫϵͳ ˵ʾɫϵͳиĿ¼ʹ߶Ըɫһŵʶʹ߸ԼĿĶĿ¼ʾijѡ͵á ļʹMicrosoftAccessݿļ˫ɫӡɫӡרɫӡ3֡ļļĽݴּ䷽洢 ䷽㼰 ô˳ɫ׼֮ɫ죬ɫѡ䷽䷽ ɫϵͳнǿ˻Իܣ߿ԸݼĻϵʾӦIJݾܵõҪī䷽ ɫһ漰ɫۡīֽšյȶ෽ĸӵļ̣ɫ׽ֵ̼ɫ˷K-M۵ľԣʺӡˢҵص㣬ɫԱĸ˲Ʒɫɫٶȡȣ˾Ч档ȻкܶƵĵطڲͬԴ½ֵ̼ɫɫͬɫɫ׵׼ȷкܴĹϵȡżIJϸ¡ĸӾܡѧIJӿֺͲϵ𽥹淶ݻɫȻʾޱȵԽԡ113վ11317.comΪӦҵķչûҪŶӵŬڸİˡ˴θİʱһ£dzվۣд11317.comΪҵѡվڻڶB2Bվӱ113վλΪɫΪҵѶרҵΪɫۺϵƽ̨һĿ滮 A гλ ɫҵѡվ B Ŀ ʵ۲Уϡϳ C ƷƼֵ ֪Ʒ——ۡĿͻ A Ŀͻ (ܽӡī֯װӡȾӡˢֽƷʳƷҽҩױƷѧӰԵҵԼСѧУʵҵ) B Ŀͻվ A (ɫDzƷչʾ) B (ɫҵѶ) C (ɫǼ) D (ɫ)ġҪϷ A () B(λ) C (̼) D (ҵϢ) E(ҵ¿Ƽ) Fҵչᡢᣩ GѵϢ HԴأ Iѯ J KɫǶƷ Lά޼3nhΪɫҵıˣŹƽٽƷƵķչDZҵչȫȼۣȫΪû룬ҵùƷ𲽹ʻTILOɫɫ (Ϳϡϡ𽺡ҵɫר)ݿ ? ɼÿ֧ϵԺ;KSֵ ? ϻϵԼɫ ? ͬŨȼɫȱȽ ? ɫϵȷԣʾϵ ? ɷ޳Ũ/ɫ ? 趨ϵĸ/ʹŨ ? 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X-Rite׹һ걣ޣά޷йڹѧ֮սеĹѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 19369£ィϾ·һʱľΪʱͬʱֹѧijィ193781գѧڰˮŲݳ幤ʽ̿ãսȫ汬ϾΣ827ձ֪ͨͣﱸ˵Ĵַ׼ǨĴ99ձʽ֪ͨﱸѧǨĴ1112գտܹռϺﱸӽǨ 27ճﱸȫԱ豸Ǩ졣 ڵѡַĹԱ켰ܱʮصп죬ⶨżϪΪѧַḮʱ12µ׿ʼװ豸ѵˡɳԱΪѧġ19381£´ŷ޷أά㱨ʿɵļĿǵʱغҪۿڶѱվŷ޹豸ֻ˵ԽϺۣٴӵԽ·˵͹̵ĸӼʪʺϹѧĵͱ棬άѧǨǰɺԽ·˵ľеʵĽˡܡת˵ȹͬʱ׼ﱸǨˡ2£µ˿ӴΪѧַʼƽ쳧ͰǨװ1938 9£ͻ豸װѽ깤߱˿ﱸ棬19391ʽ,19381227վ׼ڶʮ193911գйһùѧ——ڶʮʽγͬרԱ ԭƻʮ쳧ӱΪһ쳧ԶԶΪڶ쳧ԶʵʩسļĿԶΪʮ¼˵ܱΪԶѡַ෽Աȣ̲򿿽йһˮվ——ʯˮվˮ͹ȽϷ㣬ȺɽƣΣΪԶijַӷտǣԶijɽУ̽ҲԿɽΪͬʱѡַںڵĻʮһؽڣΪպϲ˷ʡ йڹѧԱ19391£Զʼ6×30˫ͲԶ1940Զװһ80cmֲԶ1940վں½͹ѧĵ¹ֱۣŴӢĹѧڵк¹DZͧʧѧļȱʹԶԳԶƹѧٵȻ׼ȺƳµؿ˺ͷʽȻ׼вʽ׼ΪʽװͶΪйԼĵһڱʽѧ 1940107գջпϮԶ⵽ըᡢֿе46ʧأͣڵڶռʮɢȫ豸ǨԶΪʹǨ˳³͵19414ǨĻ豸װͶ7ȫ깤Ǩȫɡ 194111£վںر׼ϣʮǨ׼ͬ12£ͻȻʮһͶʮڣΪٻԼѡͳһָΪɣʽȻͬıϲΪʮ1942Ԫʮγǹ͹ѧǿв˵ǿҲ֮ìأڲϵЭ19424£ǹְչΪɧҡȻ¶þǿд˸¼ȴһӾڲìܡ 19425£վص幫·ģ53չ4չֱ꣬ƻͨ5գʮѧֵ豸ԱǨϾƣͷǰӣŽһ¹ͬ⣬˳ȹ˲ĥڡʮսʤջըƵԭϼѷ۸ǵ£˷ѣ6×30˫ͲԶ11250ߣ80cmԶ392ߣʽȻ׼ 2608ߣݿʽǹ15108ָͦ31310ߣ֧Ԯ˿ս սʤʮ۷ǡǿάŲҵľӪΪ֧Ʒ80cmԶ6×30˫ͲԶȺ󱻱ͣ19461949꣬ʽͲԶƵͳһʽȻ׼졣19503ţܻ˶ԹĽӹܡźʮΪԭȵĶʮʮһʮҲǺϹѧΪйѧҵķԴأ彨ʱڣ˴Ĺѧ˲ţΪйѧҵķչ˾޴ס սеĹѧйѧҵ޵еʷת䡣ȻʱйѧƷԷΪṹ򵥣Ҫ޷Ըȴйѧҵ¼ԪΪһչ˷ḻľ飬˼ʵĻ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧѧ˾Ĺ˿ͷ֮ͻȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ ͻԱ˼⣺1ѹʱܷ侲˼2پ޴ѹʱܷ񱣳ֹֻ۵̬ȣ3˷ʱǷֻȥۣƽ͵ؽͻش⣻4ѹʱܷطж⣻5ѹʱܷر6ѹʱǷԸЭ⣻7ѹʱǷֻעĸܣδԷΧ˵ĸܣͬͻд򽻵ͻĵһԶǴͻУзҲǹһ֡1Ը<1>ͻ/<2>ͻķԸ̬оƷ<3>ͻÿһνΪ“˲”<4>ƫ;ֹ2<1>ʾעУʾͬ<2>——ְҵ;Ʒߵ<3>˫ϵ飻<4>ֶԿͻԼеͬ<5>߿ͻ/飻<6>ڿʼκ֮ǰ봦С3е<1>߿ͻ–עڱҪʱͻ˵IJƷ–ͬʱҪ߿ͻ,ƷĿͻ¼,˭Ӵȫṩ<2>ͻȷ֤㽫/⣻<3>ȷõͻĽ<4>ʹ“”“”<5>ԳС⼼ɣ1жϿͻʵ-͹-ȷʲô-ܱ©-ʹú-û-Ե-ͨ©-ԭ-ȷԭжϿͻʵ-ڿͻԭ޷ʱ׼ȷṩ2ж3ȷеĺܱܵĽͽ4ûֵ<1>ͬһ⣬ͬͻвͬ<2>ͻⱾжϿͻֵķ֮<3>ֵʱͻʱҪͻֵ<4>ע⣺A. 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UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ20W CWF ̵Դ(Cool White Fluorescent) ɫ£4150K ʣ20W Judge II ڶɫ 2TILO T-5ر׼Դɫ 䱸D65,TL84,CWF,F,UVֹԴ 30Kg (xx)710x405x570 mm ѡԴɢ 45ȱ׼̨ õƹܺ ŵ ʾÿֹԴʹʱʱ ԴԶл߱ͬɫ׹ Ԥȣɱ֤ٶɿɫ ܺС(ɢ)Чʸ Ӣ׼ùԴ Сʹ÷㣬ͻʹ Դ Դ˵ D65 ʱ׼˹չ ɫ£6500K ʣ18W TL84 ŷޡձй̵Դ ɫ£4000K ʣ18W CWF ̵Դ ɫ£4150K ʣ18W F ͥƵõơɫοԴ ɫ£2700K ʣ40W UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ18W TILO T-5ر׼ԴɫǶӡˢƷҪԽԽߣɫӡˢijЩѾ㲻˴ڶɫʵҪӡˢǣרɫӡˢ ˵רɫͲòPANTONE׼ͼPhotoshopIllustratorﶼǶPANTONEרɫ⡣ͬʱ֧ܶרɫʹõרɫҲPANTONE׼PANTONEɫƥϵͳPANTONE MATCHING SYSTEMǺӡˢ֯ܽͼƼɫʹͨϵͳɫԵķʽͳһӡˢѾΪɫʵı׼ԣΪװӡˢҵīҵṩ˿١ݵɫɫ׼ʹPANTONE׼ĺô1ɫʱʹݼ򵥡κεطĿͻֻҪָһPANTONEɫţֻһӦPANTONEɫͿҵɫɫӡƷУͻҪɫƷ2ȷÿӡˢɫౣһ¡ͬһӡˢӡˢڲͬӡˢӡͬһרɫɱһ£ƫɫ3ѡش1000רɫʦ㹻ѡءʵϳϢʦƽʱõרɫֻռPANTONEɫеһС֡±4ӡˢԼɫʡȥɫķա5ɫിĿ͡PANTONEɫƥϵͳɫݿʿأCarlstadtPANTONEܲ蹤ͳһӡƵģܱ֤طеPANTONEɫȫһ¡ңյĸԺӡˢ⣬û˵˷ƻð40ķչPANTONE˾IJƷ㷺Ӧأ˵ҪɫʹͨĵطʹPANTONEɫƥϵͳԿῨܴPANTONEɫƥϵͳǹóбزٵҪߡPANTONEרɫ䷽ָϡPANTONE׼ɫֽ/ֽͭPANTONE formula guide coated/uncoatedPANTONEɫϵͳĺģdzáȽϴPANTONEƷͨ2004רɫ䷽ָϣʹPANTONEרɫɫûṩһοPANTONEɫ־1114רɫɫʶעΩһıźβ룬ӡˢֽͭϵרɫΪɫÿ˵1.PANTONEɫPANTONE Basic Colorsòְ14PANTONEɫգ14ֻɫǴԭɫīԵһϣɫϣϸߵİٷֱȺƶɣмߵɫŨȺɫȣǵרɫīĻAdobe2.PANTONEɫPANTONE Process ColorsòгPANTONEɫCMYKPANTONEɫϵͳPANTONEƳĻCMYKɫʹ淶ϵͳCMYKɫʱʱ3000ɫ3.PANTONEɫPANTONE HexachromeǽΪϸ߱ɫʣHi-Fi ColorƵɫϵͳCMYKɫרɫȼרɫ̹6ɫ϶ɣܴԼ90% PANTONEרɫƥ䣬ʹҪúܶרɫſɴﵽЧ6ɫϱɡ߱ɫһƵۺϵͳеƷУϵͳʹƷܴǰδеĹɫ4.PANTONEɫⲿרɫdzõPANTONEɫɫ󲿷ֹ˾ı־ɫⲿҵī䷽ԷͰٷʱʾܹCMYKɫӡʽģõɫʶӡ˱־ⲿֵĶרɫCMYKɫģõ5.PANTONEɫͰɫϵСⲿרɫɫרɫIJ䡣д󲿷ֵרɫCMYKɫģõ6.PANTONEdzɫϵСⲿΪ͵ɫЧƵһϵרɫԼ85%רɫCMYKɫģõ7.ʹɫⲿɫӳ߶רɫҪרɫչԼɫ׳н80%ϵרɫCMYKɫģ⡣8.ӫɫͽɫ14ӫɫ14ֽɫ28ɫ޷ͨCMYKɫģõǿ֪ġ2004רɫ䷽ָӡڽֽϵPANTONEרɫֵרɫɫӡֽͭϵרɫɫͬҪ˵ǰװеPANTONE 256 C PANTONE 256 UʾͬһרɫīPANTONE 256ΩһġPANTONE 256 CʾPANTONE 256ӡڹֽͭϵЧӦı׼ӦǹֽͭcoatedרɫָɫPANTONE 256 UʾPANTONE 256ӡڽֽֽϵЧӦı׼Ӧǽֽ(uncoated)רɫָɫֿרɫָϵɫܻɫɫӡˢΪ˱֤׼ȷɫʴݣÿרɫָϡһPANTONEרɫɫ۵㶼ԾɻµҵĿǰ°汾PANTONE׼ɫ2005ֽֽͭװ°汾ɫӡˢֽǰ汾ףɫ2004ƫ䣬رdzɫ鲿ָΪԡ÷װ͹ʹÿͻͬʱֿԷֱһ40ǰӡˢӡӹһЩ˾ʶӡˢīɫͳһҪԣӶPANTONE˾רŴӡˢɫʵı׼оռĿǰѾչ֯ܽرӡˢPANTONE׼ѾصʦӡˢʿձáһӡˢƷϰʹPANTONE׼רɫӶ֤ӡˢƷɫʵͬһԡڹҲսռáһܶȼƲԭܶȼú졢̡ɫƬɫ⣬ͨīɫķ䣬õࡢƷ졢ֽɫɫܶȡɫܶȶīijɫԣӳijīͶȵֵʵӦУղĿͬñ׼խɫƬͬ׷ΧܶȣˣܶȼƵIJΪխӡˢҵгõܶȲʽΪɫƬ߽Ͽ졢̡໥棬ɵɫɫƬвɫͨխɫƬԹ׵ѡԽǿԣխֵܶϿֵҪߡܶȼԭͼ1ܶȼƲīĹ׷ʺ󣬿ͨɹʽ1īܶȡʽρinkΪ1īպʣಹɫķʣSikλΪԴĹֲrikλΪ̽Ĺȣτ(λ)ΪɫƬĹ͸ʣP(λ)ΪīԸĹ׷ʡ½űͬηΧֱӦͬηΧĺ졢̡⣬ӦࡢƷ졢īܶȣϽűkӦͬηΧڲͬĹֲʽӦͬӦʽõܶȡɫܶȼƵӦʽеܶȼƶʹöϵȷܶȣԵIJϵͳеӦʽɫƬ̽ܶȼڽĶϵͬĻõܶȶҲͬΪ˲ʱбҪܶȼӦʽͳһӦʽĹ涨ǰ׼ӦơУ׼ĽΪܶȼṩһµܶȡ1.ӦʽڲɫܶȲУܶȼʾIJֵȡܶȼʹõĹԴֲSik(λ)̽ĹrikλɫƬĹ͸τ(λ)ߵĹ׳˻ΪܶȼƲӦ÷∏ʾԲӦϸ涨ú졢̡ⶨֻܶһܶȼеģͬһɫṩĶֱӺһܶȼĶȽϡΪ˽йʡʼĽͱ׼ܶȼʵƣͳһˣʱ׼֯ISOұ׼ѧᣨANSIɫƬܶӦʽĹ涨X-Rite500ϵܶȼеTGEIӦʽʱ׼֯ISO涨ܶȼϵͳӦĶֵlg∏ﵽijӦ涨ֵܶȼƲõݼΪӦܶȡ2ΪTӦʽӦĶֵֻг̹ӦĶֵlg∏TGTӦ涨ܶȼƣõݼΪTӦܶȡ2TӦʽӦֵҹӡˢҵвõĺ졢̡䲨ηΧڵֲҪ󣬶ӦӦʽΪTӦʽTӦʽУ̽Ĺrik(λ)CIEֵ̼ƣɫӾغصתֵڱ׼TӦʽӦDZ׼δֻ֪īԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ˣͬʵɫòͬͺܶȼõı׼TӦܶӦȵģ֤ܶȲһԡ2.Ӧܶȵļݹʽ1ͣ2ԽƷī̹TӦܶùʽ3ʽУλɰҪȡ10nm20nmȡΪ20nm∏TGֵɱ2̹ӦĶֵig∏TGó𲨳∏TGƷīԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ij˻ֵ33∏TG׷ρ(λ)ij˻ɱ3еõ∏TG∏TG.ρ(λ)ֵ빫ʽ3ɵƷīTӦܶȡӦʽ㷽TӦơ(4)ʵX-Rite518ƫƬӦʽTGEIԴ׼ԴAɫ2856K׷Χ400nm-700nm׾3.4mm45°/0°(ANSI&ISO׼)״DRS24棬31㱨档ţӡˢCMYʵɫ顣ȫУ׼X-Rite518ΪͬӦʽֱʵɫܶȲ2ʾɱ2ûӦʽܶ߼ͼ24ӦʽIJTab.2measurementdataofconventionalresponsemodesͼ2Ӧʽܶͼ2֪TGEӦʽDCDMֵһ£ֻǻīܶTӦIӦΪTGEӦʽʹõǿɫƬɫƬ糣õ׵25ɫƬ׵47ɫƬGӦʽΪɫӡˢտӦTӦʽƣֻǶڽŨĻɫīȽУԲDrֵϴ󣬶EӦʽʹ׵47BխɫƬԶڻɫīõDrGӦӦʽIANSIƶһխӦʽˣгӦʽУIӦõܶǻīֵܶTӦ߳36.8īȵϸ΢仯ҲŴ36.8%Ӧʽڼʱīȵı仯ɫΪɫӾһֿоڻƽ⣬ɫУʱӦѡTӦʽΪĿܶȼƣڲīȡӡʺʱխܶȼƣ߾ȷȡġΪʵͼƵı׼ܶȼھȫУ׼󣬱Ӧʽȷѡֻʵֲݵһԣǽб׼ݽǰᣬҲʵͼƼ׼ĹؼڡձῨܴȨ֤Ϻ޿޹˾µϺ˾̩·Ƽ޹˾£ҵɵı׼ԴҵͨISO9001ϵ֤ձῨܴ2006꿪ʼһֱȨ˾༭113̳նȼƵʹ÷ԭ նȼ(տ˹)һרŲȡȵDZDzǿ(ն) 屻ij̶ȣҲõĹͨ뱻֮ȡնȼͨػغ΢ɡնȼƲԭ: ǰѹֱתɵܵĹԪ䵽رʱ͸Ĥ4뵼2ͽĤ4ķֽϣڽϲЧӦλĴСܹϵնһıϵʱ·ͻеֵͨտ˹LxΪ̶ȵ΢ָʾĴСȡǿͻ·еĵ衣նȼб䵵װã˿ԲնȣҲԲնȡ նȼƵࣺ1.Ŀնȼƣʹò㣬Ȳߣʹá2.նȼƣնȼƺ͹նȼơնȼƵʹҪ󣺡1.:΢ŦڡءV(λ)˹ɡ(Se)ػ(Si)նȼ,ֳտ˹2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵնȼƵʹò裺ٴ򿪵Դڴ򿪹ӣˮƽڲλáѡʺϲλʾֻʾ“1”ʾնȹҪ̼նȼƿʼʾʾնֵʾʾݲϵر䶯ʾݱȽȶʱHOLDݡ޶ȡ¼ʾĹ۲ֵ۲ֵڶʾֵij˻磺Ļʾ500½ʾ״̬Ϊ“×2000”նȲֵΪ1000000lx500×2000ٰһأȡֵܡÿһι۲ʱβ¼ÿһβɺ󣬰µԴؼжϵԴϹӣŻغնȼһҪ: С (Compact SizeLight Weight)նȼʹõĻdz㷺õʱҲڲͬijԿЯʽСΪնȼƵĵһȾ ׼ȷȩzAccuracy{նȼƵݬ񣬺׼ȷоԵĹϵȻҲļ۸ϢϢأԺļ۸׼ȷȽϸߵնȼʵбҪһ±15%Ϊˡ ɫʲ zColor Compensation{ԴЩƫزϳĵĺɫϵѹ 򲨳϶ɫϵDaylightչƣҲзֲȽƽ׳ϵУͬһնȼƶԲͬIJȿвͬʶȵIJҪ ҲzCosine Compensation{Ҷ֪ԴǶйءͬĵնȼʱӦzSensor{ԴǶȻնȼƵĶֵӰ졣һõնȼǷҲĹʵڲɺԡնȼע2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵơնȼƵãնǵеĹϵĹգɷֹ¹ʵķ֮Ĺ߿ƣ͵ij̶ԶԶ۾ıˣʻϲ¹ʺƣ͵Ҫԭ֮һͳϱְҵͶ¹Լ30ֱӻ߲ɵġݣĹҪǷdzϸģչǿӰЧôǾסڶնȵѧҪأնѧһʮҪָꡣָ۾оĵŷ䣬߽۾ɲ֪ΪӾĹָɼ⣬䲨Χ380760nmף֮䡣ĿǰɹɷΪȻɹ˹ԴࡣȻɹָں͵ȻնȣֱӵչɢΧķ⣬òɹϵȻնȱʾɹϵָɹڵЧڵ֮ȡһסլIJɹϵ15115֮䣬ס18110֮䣨ڵȻնϵȻնˮƽǷӳڵĺͬʱĹϵҲӳعȻԴնָܺͣΪ˵Ĺҹƶйڣնȵ׼ڹ̳꣩ն׼≥100Lxͼݡݡݡչ̨նȵ׼≥100Lxԡն׼≥50Lxԡңܡءԡ≥30Lxɣԡ≥30Lx.йնȵı׼¹Ƽֶǿ칫Ұ鹤Ϊ300Lx֣ͼΪ750LxڹϵӾնҪΪ1000LxƵꡢΪ200LxӴ㡢ɹΪ200Lx̵ijΪ15002000LxҽԺΪ150200LxΪ500LxѧУΪ400700LxʳáڽΪ300LxȡնȴСIJһնȼƲնȼƿɲͬǿȣԿɼⲨκ߲εIJṩ׼ȷIJ֮ն彡Ƕ۾ıżҪѧ塣?ӣhttp://www.11317.com/article-1474.htmlתע113̳ǽ۾ѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ1ѧĿ֪ʶ뼼ܢ֪۾ijԭԽۺԶ۵ij˽⣬֪͸ԸıλôӶﵽĿġ֪͹͸ܳСʵԭƳɵġdz˽΢ԶĽṹá뷽ȹ۲۾Զ۾ľƬо־Ƭáʵʲѧա΢۲΢С壬Զ۲Զ壬ѧӦIJֵ̬ۢ˹͹͸ʵеӦãѧ֪ʶؼᷢչӰ졣ǿʶע2̲˵ҪУ˽۾ĽṹԭۺԶ۵ijо۾Զ۾ã˽Ļṹͳԭ˽΢ԶĽṹãѧʹ΢Զչݣ۾۾΢Զǰѧ͸֪ʶʵеӦáˣݶѧ͹͸Ĺɣѧй֪ʶĸʶѧѧϰȤϵʵʵѧ̬ȣγɽѧ֪ʶʶȣҪ塣ڵıд˼·ǣѧȽϤԭֽΪ򵥵۾ʼȽ۾ģԼۺԶ۵ijô˽ۺԶνأΪʲô۾ľƬǰ͸Զ۾ľƬ͹͸“1”оЩѧȽϹĵ⡣۾ľ׼ȷر֣Ƿ“Ӱı”Ļṹͳԭ΢ԶҲ͸ԭƳɵģִѧогõľ˵ǵijȽϸӣԱڽ̲ѧʶ΢Զͳ̲Ĺ͹͸ɵӦãһֻܷŴ󾵡ͶӰǡŶý弼IJϷչʽͶӰʹԽԽ٣й֪ʶѧչ˵ʵüֵԱ̲ûнͶӰǣ۾۾΢ԶԼǿγѧִƼϵڽѧص㣺ˮƽߣѽǧ򻧣۾ѧأѧЩ֪ʶѧ˵νã۾DZڽѧص㡣ڽѧѵ㣺ûµ͹ɣֻչԵؽ͸֪ʶʵеӦãΪʶ˽֪ʶѶȲȶԣۺԶ۵ijͽҪѧ˼еĵDZڽѧѵ㡣3ѧ鱾ݶΪʶ˽֪ʶѧۡʵоȷʽнѧý̲ġͼý塢ʵȽѧԴѧ˽͸Ĺ㷺Ӧã ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧ13죬TILOϺֹ˾ҵӢɽ 2011422-24գTILOϺ˾Ϊף13꣬Ϻֹ˾ҵӢǰɽΡ಻Ⱥɽ“ɽɽ”ȻɽľƺʯɡȪرλþһʤա ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 1 Ӣˬӭ ӭͦ嶫࣬ⶴϣʯ˰ꡣʼɽָϡ10ңؾ64ףؾ75ף֦¸25סǧв76׵֦չǰǡһλÿ͵ˣչ˫ۣ黶ӭɽɱΪɽɵĴ̬ԾҶǣͦΣɰʫԻ“ɰǰľɣɫʡ˫۴ӭ¿ͣĺٸꡣ”˵ˣĿôɣʱ˱׷㾰Ϊҡðеľ޷ӭɡǸġӭ⣬Ϊлÿ͵ӭΪ֮屦ǵ֮ġƺ λڻɽвϣ춼塣Ϊ36֮һ1864ףǻɽ߷壬Ҳǻ߷塣ϼμ˵“ӻɽ֮У֮”“춼ษ”ƾĿܵóȷĽۣڵʱȷ˲ķָ֡Ϊɽ߷ĵһˡ˷͸ʣΰͻأСӵٲŭţ“”ʫԻ“һϼͤͤ覡ңʸƾ¶嶥ʮɻ”ӡʫƣ“ij𣬷ߺԡĿɽ£ͷƶӦ㣬ҲԳӰ᰹ǧ״ܵδԡ”зҵɡԲ࣬Ի“ʯ”һһ“ɳ”Ϸ嶥һߣһɫԶ֮СھʵӣԶĿհ®Ż볤磬˷ƺ۵ףޱ׳ۡݴŴ嶥“”û 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1candela=0.981candle3.ʲôͨ?ͨĵλʲô? 𣺹ͨφĶǣԴǵԴڵλʱ,пɲӾߣܸоķͨΪͨͨĵλΪдlm1lumenlmΪһʱ׼ĹԴڵλ廡ͨĹͨΪ4πR2һͨһͨ1/4π˵4π,˰Ķ֪һcdĵԴ4πφ=4πI⣩ٶΩΪС廡ǣڡΩڹͨφСφ=ΩI 4.һӢĺʲô? һӢָһĹԴԴǵԴһӢԶϵĹնȣдΪ1ftc1 lm/ft2/Ӣ2ÿƽӢյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ1ftc=10.76 lux5.һĺʲô? һָһĹԴԴǵԴһԶϵĹնȣΪտ˹luxҲдlxÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ/26. 1 luxĺʲôÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱն7.նȵĺʲô? նȣEĶΪ嵥λܵĹͨ˵ܹڵλʱÿλܵĹȣλӢ⣨ftcʾ8.նȡ֮ʲôϵ? նȡĹϵǣE(ն)=I()/r2(ƽ)9.նȴСЩй? 𣺱նԴķǿȼ͹Դ֮ľйأ뱻ɫʼС޹1881꣬ĶΪ1Ƴ֮120mg/hٶˮƽȼյˮƽϵķǿȺʹùԴ֬׳ơƵ1948꣬Բ̵ĺ1967꣬candela101325Pa£ڲ¶ȵĺ1/600000m^2ڴֱϵķǿ1979꣬candelaǷɫƵΪ540*10^12HzĵɫĹ׹ЧK=683lm/W󾭳ҰͿͬʵƫ.ЩλĻû̫ʵ塣ձĵ1lm=cd 1cd=WĻϵҲοΪcdlmwһЩϵ(nm) CIE ӦĹЧϵ Ӧ/صĻ380 0.0000 0.05390 0.0001 0.13400 0.0004 0.27410 0.0012 0.82420 0.0040 2.73430 0.0116 7.91440 0.0230 15.7450 0.0380 25.9460 0.0600 40.9470 0.0910 62.1480 0.1390 94.8490 0.2080 142.0500 0.3230 220.0510 0.5030 343.0520 0.7100 484.0530 0.8620 588.0540 0.9540 650.0550 0.9950 679.0555 1.0000 683.0560 0.9950 679.0570 0.9520 649.0580 0.8700 593.0590 0.7570 516.0600 0.6310 430.0610 0.5030 343.0620 0.3810 260.0630 0.2650 181.0640 0.1750 119.0650 0.1070 73.0660 0.0610 41.4670 0.0320 21.8680 0.0170 11.6690 0.0082 5.59700 0.0041 2.78710 0.0021 1.43720 0.0010 0.716730 0.0005 0.355740 0.0003 0.170750 0.0001 0.082760 0.0001 0.041ISO12233ͷֱʵʹ÷1.÷ΧCIPA׼DC-0032003¼Ʊ׼)þֹƬ¼ƣDSCڲƷĿ¼мؾֹƬķֱʱñ׼涨IJ2.ñ׼ļڱ׼б׼ǽɱ׼涨һ֡Щñ׼°汾׷ݣISO122332000 Photography-Electronic still-picturecameras - resolutionmeasurementsISO7589:2002 Photography–Illuminants forsensitometry-Speccificationsfordaylight,incandescenttungstenandprinter3.Pa) ֱresolution⣬ɷֱ澫ϸͼļޡԻÿλ߶ȵʾb) aliasingƵСͼźŸƵʵ2ʱڲƵʵĸߴгص°Ӱǵ䣨꣩д湤ҵ19884ͼ4.1ISO12233ֱʲԿ׼12233Ϊ,ͼ(ͼ4.1,¼ISOͼ)ҲֱISO12233ͼISOͼаʽ׼ӾֱʣҪʹеˮƽJ1K1ֱJ2K2б45ȷJDKDʽISO12233м3ֲISOͼIJɹο912233ʹISOͼʱһֱʹøͼҲԼIJ֣ƴкʹISO12233ҪSine Patterns˾Applied Image˾Լձ,йԴӴ 4.2ISOͼֵĺӰʱͼЧ߶ȣ򳤱߿ͼ4.1ʱֿڲĸ߶ȣռ,ͼ*100Ϊÿλ߶ȵ.ʱһҪЧ߶ռ,ʱҪб궨(ο5.2ȡͼ).4.3ISOͼͼҲԼʹISOͼͬͼʱISO12233й涨ISOͼȻЩ涨Ҫ󣩡a) ׵ײֵķRmaxɫֵķRmin֮Ϊ80>Rmax>Rmin>40ISO12233ĵ4.5b) ͼλþ涨λΪ0.2mm߶ȵ+-0.1%ISO12233ĵ4.8c) ߿Ϊ+-5%ISO1233ĵ4.8d) ˫ͼK1K2ϸ֣İɫֺͺɫ֣ķʱRmax/RminΪ18ϡΪ“Ƽ”ˮƽISO12233AnnexBҲʹ͸ͼʱĿķӦͳ͸ʡʹ͸ͼʱɢ޹Ƿͻ͸ͣͼԷֹԡ55.1 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TES-133020,200,2,000,20,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10Ϊȷնֵ) TES-1332200,2,000,20,000,200,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10200,000luxʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) TES-133420,200,2,000,20,000lux/fc(20,000lux/fcʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) ע1fc10.76Lux ׼ ȷ ȣ±3> rdg±0.5> f.s 10,000lux׼ȷΪ±4> rdg±10> dgts ɫ2856K׼ƽУ ظԣ±2> ¶ԣ±0.1> /档 ȡ ʣ2.0/롣 壺帽˹⾵Ƭ ʪȣ0 ~ 40(32> ~ 104> )0 ~ 80> RH ʪȣ-10 ~ 50(14> ~ 104> )0 ~ 70> RH ʾλ"1"ʾ Դ9Vأʽ006PIEC6F22NEDA1604 ʹԼ200Сʱ(Alkaline) ߳ȣ150cm ߴ磺100(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm ߴ磺135(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm 250g ʹ˵顢Ƥסء ƺ͹ܣ> Һʾ32/1λҺʾֵ1999ʾΧ o TES-1330"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"BT"o TES-1332"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"×100"(ֵ100)"BT"o TES-1334"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"fc""P""BT"> Χָʾ o TES-1330ʾ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ʾ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ʾ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> ԴأлԴON/OFF> ֵأHOLDһΣ"H"ţܺLCDֵ֮նȲٰһHOLDأȡHOLDܲ²նȡ> ֵأPEAKһΣ"P"ţ׷ٹźţֵֵַ½ʣԼÿ101λٰһPEAKأȡPEAKܲ²նȡTES-1334д˿عܡ> LUXλأLUXһΣ"LUX"ţնֵLUXλʾ> fcλأfcһΣ"fc"ţնֵfcλʾ> Χأ o TES-1330ѡ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ѡ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ѡ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> á> ģDCѹ(ѡ)> ֧ܣ(ѡ)ġ> 򿪵Դ> ѡʺϲλ> 򿪹ͷǣԴ֮ˮƽλá> ȡնȼLCDֵ֮> ȡֵ֮λ"1"ʾʾӦѡϸߵλ> 趨20000LUX/fcλʱʾֵ×10Dzֵ趨200,000LUXλʱʾֵ×100Dzⶨֵ> ֵأѹHOLDһ£LCDʾ"H"ţʾֵѺһHOLDأȡֵܡ> ֵźţѹPEAKһΣLCDʾ"P"ţֵѺPEAKһΣظԡ> ɺ󣬽ͷǸǻأԴOFF塢ظ> صʱLCDϳ"BT"ָʾʾء> ƿвԶ֮Դͷָʾ򿪵ظǡӵؿȡµأһö9Vء> ϵظǡԣߡά> ڸ¡ʪ²> ʹʱ豣ָɾ> ԴԲο׼λܹˡ> Ȼʹʱ͡Уάֻȷȡˡֳնȱ׼ο> LUXնֵ10.76fcնֵ.ѡʵԶ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡձKONICA MINOLTA(Ῠܴ)Яʽɫ.Ŀǰгϳ۵Զ෱࣬ĿϾӡܵ˵ɰ¼֣ز֣ͬйģԻ¹ȣڵģϡ㶫㽭Ĵȣ̽Ӳ֣ͬл顢ӵԶȣ;֣ͬб䱶ˮҹӾŴ֣ͬеͱ2~5߲Ʒб7~10߱15~70 ѡԶʱĿм֣ô⼸˵ʲôأԾһ˵һ¡10×50mm5°ʾŴΪ10ᄉֱΪ50ףҰΪ5ȣ1000ҰΪ87.4ף˻ΪԽԽãʵȻŴҰȳɷȣŴԽҰԽСͲᄉֱԽ࣬ڹ߲ʱֱԽǿȻµԶЯôһ˵оʴӣֻҪȡ̣ͬԹһܺԶڴἸ㽨ԹѡԶʱΪοһ뵽ϻ򺣱Σ벻ҪǹһܷˮԶرЯϵмNIGULAϵзˮԶڶι۹⣬ɹһС߱䱶ܵԶ㵽ЩԶ۶ɽ֮̽”Σյش棬ǾӦùһܸ߱ԶģҪԻʱУùһܱ䱶Զ˵һʹ÷Ϊ䱶Զɴӵͱ𽥵߱ʹʱӦõͱҰдȻø߱СҰϸ۲졣ʹԶԶ۲Զһں¡ﶼŲɵ͹áеȴʹòͷۻŻµ ʹԶӦҪ㣺ڴŵԶʱҪϸһ£־ƬùҪøɾ鿴Ӷȵװú͵ͫ׼ӲǷװӶȷֻе۵ӶȲͬҪֱװֻʹÿֻ۾ؿͫ׼ʹľͼصһ𡣡۲ʱ̬Ҫ磬پӦƽȡþʱգ壬۲ʱ֧šȷĽӶλáͬͺŵԶͫ׾벻һ£۾Ҳ磬62ʽ8Զѽ۾Ȧѱ״̬ʱӶλýΪˣʱͫ׾Ϊ˺ס۲ĿꡣĿľ룬ֻ۲ԶĿ꣬Ӧھ۲ת뾵ڡȸԺȷ˳й۲졣ΪˣӦϤȷʹòֻͬӦλֻԾԶԣԱѸٵرĿλã߹۲Чʣþʱ䡣ѩ졢ǿ⡢Ȳͬ£ҪװӦ˹⾵ƬԼٰѩǿ۵Ĵ̼оijжȡʹôкйԶʱҪѺйοԱйľҷҰСӰ۲ЧƽʱҪƱܣֹ˾棬ࡢˬܳ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢҵռı׼Դ(һ) 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׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢеı׼۲ISO 3664 ɫʺܶȲӡˢжԸпƵij÷Ƕһͼ˵ЩصIJԷܴ۶ԶɫЧۡӡˢУҪǽͼͼԭбȽϣжɫʸƵĻԭ̶ȡ磬һƵIJɫͼɫۣõһַǽЩͼһԭͼԭʵ̶ȵĽۡ ɣӡˢжӡƷƽпƵĸѹ۲ӦӡƷĹ۲컷ʮĹ۲컷ˢԱͿͬ½ӡˢƷƷʼˡһ㲻̫ܣҪǣĹ۲ԭ塢ƬͬšӡˢƷֱӵĶԱȡΪڹԴع۲£ÿһֲϵɫʽֱӰͼЧǵıֳͬΪ˱ɫʸЧ⣬ڲƷƹʹȶĹ۲ʮֱҪġ۲컷Χڵ棬ɫҳں̶ܴӰŹ۲߶Թ۲Ľڵɫʸоƣʹñ׼۲й۲졣һĹ۲̨ڷӵijһ֡ԣԹ۲컷ĿʮҪΪȷеĸƻʹͳһĹ۲ƼͳһĹ۲׼ڱСڲɫӡˢƷƬĹ۲Ƽı׼ISO3664µİ汾1999Ƴ±׼Ƴ֮ǰѾ׼1975ġISO3664 ۲ɫ͸Ƭ͸ƷANSIġPH2.30-1989 ӡˢƷƬɫӡˢƷͶ伤ƷĹ۲йع۲׼ƼʮƣȫͬµISO3664׼ĸİ1994ĩʼģANSIЭʾп׼ΪANSI׼ӡˢƻУҪ֤ȶһµĹ۲¼ؼأ1ԴĹֲ2ԴķǿȺ;ȶ3۲컷۲컷ݣ4ȶ ISO3664°汾ҪƼ׼ͬʱп׼ڲɫĻϽͼ۲죬ͼƬչͼ͵ҲƼ˱׼ͬʱӡˢҵ1жISO3664Ĺ۲׼еĹؼĿ˽ܡ1˲ƼΪ˲ɫʾIJοƶ˹ԴĹֲܷԲɫʾָ˰׵ɫ̶ȡЩ˵Ǹ1976u’10’10UCSϵͳӾ۲õ2͸ӡƷбȽʱ͸ԴնͬӡƷ۲ƽնȱ2+-.213ɫʾĻӦСڻ32 lxһ㡴=64 lxʹáԴı궨׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡ1 ISO еָ۲ ISO۲ οɫ(1) ն ɫָ(CIE13.2׼) ͬɫָ(CIE51) ȶ(min:max) ķ/ն/ ӡƷļȽ(PI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 2000 lx+-500 lx(Ϊ+-250 lx) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 λø1mX1mƽ>=0.75 1mX1mƽ>=0.6 <60%(ӦΪԻҲ޷) ͸ֱӹ۲(TI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2(Ϊ160cd/m^2)(2) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: B >=0.75 5%-10%ˮƽ(ӦΪԻ,50mm) ӡƷʵ(P2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 500+-125 lx ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 >=0.75 <60%(ΪԻҲ޷) ͸ƬͶӰ۲(T2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2 ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪB >=0.75 ˮƽΪ5%-10%(ԻҲڸ50mm) ɫʾ D65Դɫ(0.025) 75 cd/m^2(Ϊ>100cd/m^2) _____ _____ _____ Իҡһڣ3 ׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡǰı׼УƥʹCIEɫָָӳһϵб׼ɫD50Դ±ֵɫʵʹ۲ԴµʾɫƳ̶ȡǴɫʾй׵ķߣUVϹϹЧҳʲӰ죬ǾͿʹ1795ı׼øˡǰ,ɫʹϵͳڴͼʱ,ʹ¼:ȾתơīȵȡЩʽʹͼɫʷЩʹõԭɫȼϣƥƬīӡˢɫЧʱǵķƥɫ߻ijЩطͻͬɫƥ䡣ͬɫƥĸɫı仯ʮСֻʹɫָԴѾˡ±׼бɫָһͬʱµı׼ӶȺUVɫָָCIE׼No.511981--۹ԴķЩʹ˸Ӹӵƥ׼һ궨һ궨UVֵԱϸĶʵʹԴCIE D50֡Ҳ˵±׼۲豸ṩȶĹ۲⽫Ϊ²ϻӫƶֽźīԶֵ⡣IJʾھɱ׼ΪǽϺõĹ۲豸󲿷Ҳͬ±׼ڱ׼綨豸ܴ,Ҫ Ի˵ƼָǿеģЩҪһĹһֽGATF/RHEMĹԴָʾڹ۲ȷʱԹ۲컷档װֱװڹ£ѹԱ۲컷ʮַ㡣ҪעǣGATF/RHEM˵۲ȷԡˮƽ±׼Ƽնȣն(P1)2000+-500 lx,ͱȽͼʱʹãն(P2)500+-25 lxģ۲ͼ׵۲졣ڱ׼ڼۺͱȽϷ޸ʮֱҪ磬ȽԭŵЧӡˢбȽϺͬźӡˢͼϸ΢ɫʲڴƼ׼ɴˣܹ۲һӦȣնˮƽı仯ҲͼıЧʮӰ졣Ϊģͼ۲컷ʹƼĵնˮƽ(P2)ȻճĹ۲еҲڱ仯DZ׼նѡƽ۲ǾдԵҵУնˮƽƼӦ˺ܴ顣̫նƼԣڱ׼֮󸽼ʾ˵ע“ǿȽͼϸЧ”ʱڸƽʱ۲ն½У⽫ڹ۲ͼϸ΢磺һźͬһӡˢܹ׵ıȽ֡ԣеŻͼȽϱP1½СǣڵһͼĽ׵ƺʵУĹ۲½С߶ͼĹ۲һµġȻĹ۲ǿ֪ܲٲ˽۲£ʹõ͵۲ģĹ۲Ҫȷͼİϸֱܹ档P2David McDowell֮һΪӦǿ¼ʵӦ÷⣺

򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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CHIPS]154ͷ۲ɫ56е޺ɫϵЯɫƱʽУͼļϿʵּһµɫʽɫ˳еִɫʣʹѡΪֱۡṩī䷽Ŀǰ빤̼ݡʹıֽţϳӡˢÿɫʾڰſ˺ʽɫƱĶҳʽҳӡˢҳɵҳΪҳװ䳣ɫʡص㣺ɫɫ㷺154ַ۲ɫ56޺ɫɫ˳ÿɫʶɶصPANTONEżʶɸҳϵĿ˺ʽɫƱFSC׼ıֽŲͨɫʹ[PANTONE COLOR MANAGER Software]ԱڳõӦóиPANTONEɫŵ㣺ִгɫʹõıЯʽҳʽɫ˳аʽڲɫʵһֲѡʹɫƱָѡɫʵ׼ȷɫʽÿɫƱṩӡˢ׼ɫʷΧҳʹӡˢϵɫʼ㡢׼ȷϵͳõȫPANTONEӪɵ֧pantone ”ͨ“·۲ɫ CUɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301 ԭװڣCUɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 590.00г: 850.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ TPXɫ PANTONE FGP100 ԭװڣTPXɫڷ֯Ҿװεҵ㷺ʹá10꾭רҵ 860.00г: 1200.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONEͨɫ GP4001 CMYK - ֽͭ&ֽ µPLUSϵͳCMYKָ[PLUS SERIES CMYK Guide]2,868ɫʣɫʽ԰ɫ˳УʹɫʹɸΪѡɫΪֱۡЩָDzοͿ塢ʶ߽硢ͼɫЧ빤ߡ 1050.00г: 1390.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ ɫ ͨɫӰ PANTONEӰ 113̳ǣɫṩPANTONE PMSȫϵɫӰPantone? Matching System Color Chart PMS Colors Used For PrintingѷУ 0.00г: 0.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 PANTONE ͨװͼҾɫֲ-޲ FFC102 10ڴרҵ 7150.00г: 11800.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱ Cɫ2010° PANTONE GP1301C() ԭװڣCɫɫPANTONEȽϴɫ10רҵ 380.00г: 550.00 Rank 3--> 빺ﳵ ղ 鿴ϸ ƷԱȹϲDZҵչʮѸ٣طҹDZҵ״༰ԭ ϲDZҵչʮѸ٣һЩؼͲƷͻƣҹ񾭼÷չĶԡԺͰȫԶԶӰ졣 1 ״ Ŀǰ󲿷ֹDZƷļˮƽڹϾʮڵˮƽе͵ƷƷֻȫܹȶ磬繤DZڹгռʴ 95% 13% Ʒڡÿñ 700 ̨ 90 ңе͵ñIJռܲ 80% иߵƷѽӽˮƽڹӦü棬Ѿܹеһֹش󹤳DZϵͳ׹ 60 ǧ߻飬 350 / װã 20000m 3 /h շװá˵վ浺ϵͳȣʼѹش󹤳ȫ⹫˾¢ϵľ档ڸ߼ԶDZϵͳѧԪȲƷľϣDZҵ϶൱ľء˵ 2003 DZгʢѸ١ܵվʩ̡סլ͹гůӰ죬ҵԶDZϵͳDZˮüDZе͵ѧѸ١ͳƾֺйҵͳƣ 2003 DZܶΪ 921 Ԫͬ 25.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 174 Ԫͬ 29.9% ѧΪ 154 Ԫͬ 40.18% ԼΪ 16 Ԫͬ 35.6% ܼDZΪ 180 Ԫͬ 36.3% ҽ 80 Ԫͬ 11.9% ݹҺغйҵͳƣ 2003 ꣬ҹDZҵƷֵ 29.4 Ԫͬ 52.6% 2003 DZĽڽΪ 91.5 Ԫͬ 67.8% й̿ϵͳDZΪ 16.7 Ԫѧʵ͹ѧΪ 28.8 ԪҽΪ 10 ԪݣйDZ 2003 гΪDZ 2003 ܶ–DZ 2003 ܶ + 2003 DZĽڽ = 921 – 29.4 × 8.3 + 91.5 × 8.3 = 921 – 244.02 + 759.45 = 1436.43 ԪԪıȼ = 1: 8.3 ˣԺŵ˵ҹDZĶ֮һɽڲƷģʵռ 52.87% ⹫˾еƷԼؼ㲿ռ˹ 60% ϵгݶͺ͸߾ȵDZȫڡ 2IJ IJҪڣ ƷĿɿԽϲԻ칤յоһЩӰɿԵĹؼ羫ܼӹܷ⼼Ӽûеõܺý²ƷرǸߵƷܲȶͿɿйڸߵƷĿɿָ꣨ƽ޹ʱ䣩ƷȣҪ 1 2 ƷܡйڲƷڲҪƷ 1 ڹϣĿǰƷ̶ܻ൱ߣͨԭʼϢִõųⲿŶϢӰ죬˲ƷͻԺͲʵԡвƷ̶ܻȻϵ͡⣬Ʒ绯ڹѾʵý׶Σҹϴ𲽽׶Ρ ƷµƷĸڴԼ 2 3 ꡣ¼ĴǰʮꡣҹҵͨʵһƷĸ£ֲܺܺգ²ƷԭԳɹ١һЩԭIJƷҹڿհ״̬Ժڸ¼Ȼгɹҵϲҵ൱ѡ ȱʹöרýDZķչǿDZӦöܽϵƷûṩԻĽ 60 ǧ߻Ļܼ͹յŻרҽͼδȡҹҵⷽδγɲҵ 2.2 ҵۺʵIJ ҵۺʵIJҪڣ ҵģСDZҵֵܲϵ͡ǾСھеıҲС 2003 DZֵܲռֵ GDP 0.82% ڹҵֵܲ 1.79% ҵҼͱ׼оԺ NIST ıƣ 90 DZҵֵռҵֵܲ 4% DZҵҵСҵȫҵйģҵ 1887 ۶ 10 ԪIJ 15 ҵְΪ 51 ȱۺʵǿ“콢”ҵҵĵƷгǿȱۺʵ϶гſ⡣ˣг洦ơҵȱ͹̵Ĺ ҵͶʵ͡DZڸ߿ƼҵͶɱòԡҵˮƽձҵˣ߼ƷҵͶԶҵ ҵͶձ鲻㡣ڹҵȫССҵ涼֧㹻ġڵļͶ롣ԿѧΪһ⹫˾ĿͶռ۶ 10% ҹռ 3% 3ϲҪԭ лƲӦг÷չҪڷչĹУһͶʵĹǸҵٲƷϻԱʧϾ棬뾭Ӫѣһƴ¡ҵ𲽳Ϊµ㣬δȽļ³ɹ٣˾⡣ ѧСڣãлϵƺûγɡDZǵ֪ʶܼܼͲƷڸ߿ƼչǶָ¼ںϵۺ壬ˣѧСõлϾԵʮҪָΪսˮƽظγɺȱЧгɹҵʵ͵Ȼʮͻ ȱǿо֧ԮơDZҵƷֶࡢСҪڵġֲиͶ롣ĿǰͶͶЧ治ѡͶ;ɢԼص㡣ѡоɹĹ͸вơҵȲȫгù뾺ȱоԴսͶʡ¼гҪгٵȹսԡ ⣬ȱ߲εĸ˲źϤͨѧƽۺ˲ţҲɲһҪԭ򡣵Ӽɫϵͳķչɫԭ īɫӰӡˢƷĹؼָ֮һˣīĵͳӡǰزٵĹɫĻԭɫʺϳɫΪɫϵͷʽõͬɫɫЧŵӼķչԴ洢ݣиɫѧܶԴīݼɫֵдͨ˻Իɫٶȿ졢ȸߣӡˢ򣬿ʹɫʹִ һɫķչص 1.ɫķչ ڹҵңɫйصҵ֯ӡȾȾϡϡͿҵɫӹīҵձüɫϵͳΪƷƼ۵ߣռʺܸߡ磬Ĺѧ˾ƿ˸˱˹ī䷽Ink Formulation4.0Ϊӡӡˢӡˢתӡҵƾȷ䷽Զ䷽ͨٶȿص㣬ܹƵͳɱ䷽ڽѺã֤䷽ȷһƵijɹʡ 10ҹ½˸ͺŵɫϵͳȡЧIJࡣƵŷӹҵصΪɫƷȶڼӹҵȻԼص㣬ɫƷʵȶԲһЩĿǰɫϵƷֲϸ£ͻĴӿ֣еɫϵͳԴȱĵɫϵͳʵӦѡ оԺ1984꿪ʼоɫϵͳУ˼άʽɫǹڱȽɫøϵͳܼ۸Ϊϵͳ1/3ڻףܼ۸Ϊڵ1/2ϵͳ70ʹãȾϡӡȾëġ֯ᡢī𽺡ֽɫйصҵ⣬ѧƿ˲òɫܶȼܶȵɫϵͳƹӦõķ㷺ԡĿǰķչ̬ɫѾΪδīɫеһҪɲ֡ 2.ɫص 1Լɫʱ䣬ͳɱɫЧʡ 2ڽ϶̵ʱڼ䷽ 3īɫݿ⣬Ҫʱʹá 4㡣 5ɫ䷽ɫļɼʾӡɫҲʽС 6ϵͳ磺ӳϵͳСߣΪʽӡƷӡƷϵͳκ쳣ʱͻͣٲҪ˷ѡ ɫԭϵͳ 1.Kubelka-Munkۼ K-M1931ֱ1958ſʼɹڷ֯ӡȾҵӡˢҵӦøʼ2070ձȹҿļɫϵͳԲۡ ͨK-M۵һϵƵɫĺʽ䵼ʽ K/S=(1-r)2/2r r=K/S+1-[(K/S+1)2-1]1/2 ʽrµķʣKΪϵ޺ƽУɢ΢ԪȽʲԹʣSΪɢϵ΢ԪȶԹɢʡ ĿǰΪֹɫCCMĻԭȻK-MۡӾƥ䷽׷ɫɫƽ㷨ȶK-MΪġK-MʵӦУۼʵ֮䳣ֲ죬ԭɹΪء K-M۱һļƵġ һɫΪxһ΢Ԫdxʱǽķ䣬ضӦø۵ɫǽûָͬĽУΪʹ򻯶Խϲָͬ㷨 ڶdxɫxڵһ΢Ԫ㣬ϵɢϵʹʱΪɫͬȵģּٶӦͻϡ ɫڵɫǻеģʹɫڵĹճΪһɢʽȫûɢЧӦУͨʵӦУڱƬʽͻĤУˮƽʱͨͨٶƻ ģڱɫϣɢѾɫڲڰɫ൱ĹɢǰѱգЩɫĹɢ״̬ʹʵֽϴ졣 ӡˢҵīЧʱ뿼ǹϿ໥üīʡʵӦУӦ˵K-Mа˫ֱΪϵKɢϵS,īԹɢʵɢȿԺԣīijɫԭҪīԹѡգīīȼīŨȵӰ졣K-MԲ͸Ϊǰģӡˢʹõī͸Ի͸ԵģˣK-Mкܴ㡣 2.ֵ̼мīɫ (1)ֵ̼ɫ ĿǰĵɫϵͳʹõѧģK/SΪK/SľԺӡˢҵص㣬ֵ̼ɫķ÷ʹK/Sֵʵȱɫֵָ̼꣬Ϊɫָꡣ K/S۵ĻҲɽֵ̼ɫҪֶνK/SֵŨȵݿ⣬оֵ̼Ũ֮Ĺϵֵ̼ٷֱ֮ĹϵӡˢУתֵ̼ٷֱ֮ķҪŦ鱤תþ仯תͲòұתѡɫ׽ұת(2)ֵ̼ɫԭ CIE׼ɫѧϵͳκȻɫùֵ̼XYZʾĿǰȽIJɫѡɫϵͳκɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ʾɫԭҪͬɫԭɫֵ̼X10Y10Z10ֱȣΪͬɫ ɫ׽IJұֵ̼ɫīٷֱ֮Ĺϵijɫīabcӡɣīٷֱȷֱlmnīabclmnīռ(1-l)+(1-m)+(1-n)ɫϵͳCIE׼ԴD65ĺ10°ӳµݽм㣬ͬʱCIELABɫʽΔEab=[(ΔL)2+(Δa)2+(Δb)2]1/2׼ɫɫ֮ɫ ǿԿֵ̼мɫʹɫضԴµɫݱʾɫֵ̼ī֮ڶӦĹϵɫ䷽ǷҪ (3)ֵ̼ɫ ɫ׸ɫֵ̼͸īٷֱݿ⡣ɫʱĿɫֵ̼뵽ϵͳУϵͳī䷽ԤɫīԺٲֵ̼ɼɫʽɫһָѸƳϸͬɫɫ ɫʸƵҪϣݹұ׼ͬɫװӡˢƷɫΔE*abȷҪ󣬱ѡΔE*ab≤3 ɫװ˳Ĵ󲿷ɫɫڵɫֱӲҵõīȣɫڵɫԲȡɫҵɫСɫȻͨԲֵ⡣ 3.ɫϵͳ 1ɫϵͳĹ ɫϵͳǼɫǡɫϵͳһִ豸ɫĻǽɫīɫԤȴڵУȻЩīɫĻϱԴﵽԤ䷽Ŀġ 2ɫϵͳ ټɫϵͳӲ ʹWindowsϵͳӲ̴洢ռ20MBֹܶȼƣɫס ڼɫϵͳ ˵ʾɫϵͳиĿ¼ʹ߶Ըɫһŵʶʹ߸ԼĿĶĿ¼ʾijѡ͵á ļʹMicrosoftAccessݿļ˫ɫӡɫӡרɫӡ3֡ļļĽݴּ䷽洢 ䷽㼰 ô˳ɫ׼֮ɫ죬ɫѡ䷽䷽ ɫϵͳнǿ˻Իܣ߿ԸݼĻϵʾӦIJݾܵõҪī䷽ ɫһ漰ɫۡīֽšյȶ෽ĸӵļ̣ɫ׽ֵ̼ɫ˷K-M۵ľԣʺӡˢҵص㣬ɫԱĸ˲Ʒɫɫٶȡȣ˾Ч档ȻкܶƵĵطڲͬԴ½ֵ̼ɫɫͬɫɫ׵׼ȷкܴĹϵȡżIJϸ¡ĸӾܡѧIJӿֺͲϵ𽥹淶ݻɫȻʾޱȵԽԡ113վ11317.comΪӦҵķչûҪŶӵŬڸİˡ˴θİʱһ£dzվۣд11317.comΪҵѡվڻڶB2Bվӱ113վλΪɫΪҵѶרҵΪɫۺϵƽ̨һĿ滮 A гλ ɫҵѡվ B Ŀ ʵ۲Уϡϳ C ƷƼֵ ֪Ʒ——ۡĿͻ A Ŀͻ (ܽӡī֯װӡȾӡˢֽƷʳƷҽҩױƷѧӰԵҵԼСѧУʵҵ) B Ŀͻվ A (ɫDzƷչʾ) B (ɫҵѶ) C (ɫǼ) D (ɫ)ġҪϷ A () B(λ) C (̼) D (ҵϢ) E(ҵ¿Ƽ) Fҵչᡢᣩ GѵϢ HԴأ Iѯ J KɫǶƷ Lά޼3nhΪɫҵıˣŹƽٽƷƵķչDZҵչȫȼۣȫΪû룬ҵùƷ𲽹ʻTILOɫɫ (Ϳϡϡ𽺡ҵɫר)ݿ ? ɼÿ֧ϵԺ;KSֵ ? ϻϵԼɫ ? ͬŨȼɫȱȽ ? ɫϵȷԣʾϵ ? ɷ޳Ũ/ɫ ? 趨ϵĸ/ʹŨ ? 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X-Rite׹һ걣ޣά޷йڹѧ֮սеĹѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 19369£ィϾ·һʱľΪʱͬʱֹѧijィ193781գѧڰˮŲݳ幤ʽ̿ãսȫ汬ϾΣ827ձ֪ͨͣﱸ˵Ĵַ׼ǨĴ99ձʽ֪ͨﱸѧǨĴ1112գտܹռϺﱸӽǨ 27ճﱸȫԱ豸Ǩ졣 ڵѡַĹԱ켰ܱʮصп죬ⶨżϪΪѧַḮʱ12µ׿ʼװ豸ѵˡɳԱΪѧġ19381£´ŷ޷أά㱨ʿɵļĿǵʱغҪۿڶѱվŷ޹豸ֻ˵ԽϺۣٴӵԽ·˵͹̵ĸӼʪʺϹѧĵͱ棬άѧǨǰɺԽ·˵ľеʵĽˡܡת˵ȹͬʱ׼ﱸǨˡ2£µ˿ӴΪѧַʼƽ쳧ͰǨװ1938 9£ͻ豸װѽ깤߱˿ﱸ棬19391ʽ,19381227վ׼ڶʮ193911գйһùѧ——ڶʮʽγͬרԱ ԭƻʮ쳧ӱΪһ쳧ԶԶΪڶ쳧ԶʵʩسļĿԶΪʮ¼˵ܱΪԶѡַ෽Աȣ̲򿿽йһˮվ——ʯˮվˮ͹ȽϷ㣬ȺɽƣΣΪԶijַӷտǣԶijɽУ̽ҲԿɽΪͬʱѡַںڵĻʮһؽڣΪպϲ˷ʡ йڹѧԱ19391£Զʼ6×30˫ͲԶ1940Զװһ80cmֲԶ1940վں½͹ѧĵ¹ֱۣŴӢĹѧڵк¹DZͧʧѧļȱʹԶԳԶƹѧٵȻ׼ȺƳµؿ˺ͷʽȻ׼вʽ׼ΪʽװͶΪйԼĵһڱʽѧ 1940107գջпϮԶ⵽ըᡢֿе46ʧأͣڵڶռʮɢȫ豸ǨԶΪʹǨ˳³͵19414ǨĻ豸װͶ7ȫ깤Ǩȫɡ 194111£վںر׼ϣʮǨ׼ͬ12£ͻȻʮһͶʮڣΪٻԼѡͳһָΪɣʽȻͬıϲΪʮ1942Ԫʮγǹ͹ѧǿв˵ǿҲ֮ìأڲϵЭ19424£ǹְչΪɧҡȻ¶þǿд˸¼ȴһӾڲìܡ 19425£վص幫·ģ53չ4չֱ꣬ƻͨ5գʮѧֵ豸ԱǨϾƣͷǰӣŽһ¹ͬ⣬˳ȹ˲ĥڡʮսʤջըƵԭϼѷ۸ǵ£˷ѣ6×30˫ͲԶ11250ߣ80cmԶ392ߣʽȻ׼ 2608ߣݿʽǹ15108ָͦ31310ߣ֧Ԯ˿ս սʤʮ۷ǡǿάŲҵľӪΪ֧Ʒ80cmԶ6×30˫ͲԶȺ󱻱ͣ19461949꣬ʽͲԶƵͳһʽȻ׼졣19503ţܻ˶ԹĽӹܡźʮΪԭȵĶʮʮһʮҲǺϹѧΪйѧҵķԴأ彨ʱڣ˴Ĺѧ˲ţΪйѧҵķչ˾޴ס սеĹѧйѧҵ޵еʷת䡣ȻʱйѧƷԷΪṹ򵥣Ҫ޷Ըȴйѧҵ¼ԪΪһչ˷ḻľ飬˼ʵĻ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧѧ˾Ĺ˿ͷ֮ͻȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ ͻԱ˼⣺1ѹʱܷ侲˼2پ޴ѹʱܷ񱣳ֹֻ۵̬ȣ3˷ʱǷֻȥۣƽ͵ؽͻش⣻4ѹʱܷطж⣻5ѹʱܷر6ѹʱǷԸЭ⣻7ѹʱǷֻעĸܣδԷΧ˵ĸܣͬͻд򽻵ͻĵһԶǴͻУзҲǹһ֡1Ը<1>ͻ/<2>ͻķԸ̬оƷ<3>ͻÿһνΪ“˲”<4>ƫ;ֹ2<1>ʾעУʾͬ<2>——ְҵ;Ʒߵ<3>˫ϵ飻<4>ֶԿͻԼеͬ<5>߿ͻ/飻<6>ڿʼκ֮ǰ봦С3е<1>߿ͻ–עڱҪʱͻ˵IJƷ–ͬʱҪ߿ͻ,ƷĿͻ¼,˭Ӵȫṩ<2>ͻȷ֤㽫/⣻<3>ȷõͻĽ<4>ʹ“”“”<5>ԳС⼼ɣ1жϿͻʵ-͹-ȷʲô-ܱ©-ʹú-û-Ե-ͨ©-ԭ-ȷԭжϿͻʵ-ڿͻԭ޷ʱ׼ȷṩ2ж3ȷеĺܱܵĽͽ4ûֵ<1>ͬһ⣬ͬͻвͬ<2>ͻⱾжϿͻֵķ֮<3>ֵʱͻʱҪͻֵ<4>ע⣺A. 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UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ20W CWF ̵Դ(Cool White Fluorescent) ɫ£4150K ʣ20W Judge II ڶɫ 2TILO T-5ر׼Դɫ 䱸D65,TL84,CWF,F,UVֹԴ 30Kg (xx)710x405x570 mm ѡԴɢ 45ȱ׼̨ õƹܺ ŵ ʾÿֹԴʹʱʱ ԴԶл߱ͬɫ׹ Ԥȣɱ֤ٶɿɫ ܺС(ɢ)Чʸ Ӣ׼ùԴ Сʹ÷㣬ͻʹ Դ Դ˵ D65 ʱ׼˹չ ɫ£6500K ʣ18W TL84 ŷޡձй̵Դ ɫ£4000K ʣ18W CWF ̵Դ ɫ£4150K ʣ18W F ͥƵõơɫοԴ ɫ£2700K ʣ40W UV ƹԴ(Ultra-Violet) 365nm ʣ18W TILO T-5ر׼ԴɫǶӡˢƷҪԽԽߣɫӡˢijЩѾ㲻˴ڶɫʵҪӡˢǣרɫӡˢ ˵רɫͲòPANTONE׼ͼPhotoshopIllustratorﶼǶPANTONEרɫ⡣ͬʱ֧ܶרɫʹõרɫҲPANTONE׼PANTONEɫƥϵͳPANTONE MATCHING SYSTEMǺӡˢ֯ܽͼƼɫʹͨϵͳɫԵķʽͳһӡˢѾΪɫʵı׼ԣΪװӡˢҵīҵṩ˿١ݵɫɫ׼ʹPANTONE׼ĺô1ɫʱʹݼ򵥡κεطĿͻֻҪָһPANTONEɫţֻһӦPANTONEɫͿҵɫɫӡƷУͻҪɫƷ2ȷÿӡˢɫౣһ¡ͬһӡˢӡˢڲͬӡˢӡͬһרɫɱһ£ƫɫ3ѡش1000רɫʦ㹻ѡءʵϳϢʦƽʱõרɫֻռPANTONEɫеһС֡±4ӡˢԼɫʡȥɫķա5ɫിĿ͡PANTONEɫƥϵͳɫݿʿأCarlstadtPANTONEܲ蹤ͳһӡƵģܱ֤طеPANTONEɫȫһ¡ңյĸԺӡˢ⣬û˵˷ƻð40ķչPANTONE˾IJƷ㷺Ӧأ˵ҪɫʹͨĵطʹPANTONEɫƥϵͳԿῨܴPANTONEɫƥϵͳǹóбزٵҪߡPANTONEרɫ䷽ָϡPANTONE׼ɫֽ/ֽͭPANTONE formula guide coated/uncoatedPANTONEɫϵͳĺģdzáȽϴPANTONEƷͨ2004רɫ䷽ָϣʹPANTONEרɫɫûṩһοPANTONEɫ־1114רɫɫʶעΩһıźβ룬ӡˢֽͭϵרɫΪɫÿ˵1.PANTONEɫPANTONE Basic Colorsòְ14PANTONEɫգ14ֻɫǴԭɫīԵһϣɫϣϸߵİٷֱȺƶɣмߵɫŨȺɫȣǵרɫīĻAdobe2.PANTONEɫPANTONE Process ColorsòгPANTONEɫCMYKPANTONEɫϵͳPANTONEƳĻCMYKɫʹ淶ϵͳCMYKɫʱʱ3000ɫ3.PANTONEɫPANTONE HexachromeǽΪϸ߱ɫʣHi-Fi ColorƵɫϵͳCMYKɫרɫȼרɫ̹6ɫ϶ɣܴԼ90% PANTONEרɫƥ䣬ʹҪúܶרɫſɴﵽЧ6ɫϱɡ߱ɫһƵۺϵͳеƷУϵͳʹƷܴǰδеĹɫ4.PANTONEɫⲿרɫdzõPANTONEɫɫ󲿷ֹ˾ı־ɫⲿҵī䷽ԷͰٷʱʾܹCMYKɫӡʽģõɫʶӡ˱־ⲿֵĶרɫCMYKɫģõ5.PANTONEɫͰɫϵСⲿרɫɫרɫIJ䡣д󲿷ֵרɫCMYKɫģõ6.PANTONEdzɫϵСⲿΪ͵ɫЧƵһϵרɫԼ85%רɫCMYKɫģõ7.ʹɫⲿɫӳ߶רɫҪרɫչԼɫ׳н80%ϵרɫCMYKɫģ⡣8.ӫɫͽɫ14ӫɫ14ֽɫ28ɫ޷ͨCMYKɫģõǿ֪ġ2004רɫ䷽ָӡڽֽϵPANTONEרɫֵרɫɫӡֽͭϵרɫɫͬҪ˵ǰװеPANTONE 256 C PANTONE 256 UʾͬһרɫīPANTONE 256ΩһġPANTONE 256 CʾPANTONE 256ӡڹֽͭϵЧӦı׼ӦǹֽͭcoatedרɫָɫPANTONE 256 UʾPANTONE 256ӡڽֽֽϵЧӦı׼Ӧǽֽ(uncoated)רɫָɫֿרɫָϵɫܻɫɫӡˢΪ˱֤׼ȷɫʴݣÿרɫָϡһPANTONEרɫɫ۵㶼ԾɻµҵĿǰ°汾PANTONE׼ɫ2005ֽֽͭװ°汾ɫӡˢֽǰ汾ףɫ2004ƫ䣬رdzɫ鲿ָΪԡ÷װ͹ʹÿͻͬʱֿԷֱһ40ǰӡˢӡӹһЩ˾ʶӡˢīɫͳһҪԣӶPANTONE˾רŴӡˢɫʵı׼оռĿǰѾչ֯ܽرӡˢPANTONE׼ѾصʦӡˢʿձáһӡˢƷϰʹPANTONE׼רɫӶ֤ӡˢƷɫʵͬһԡڹҲսռáһܶȼƲԭܶȼú졢̡ɫƬɫ⣬ͨīɫķ䣬õࡢƷ졢ֽɫɫܶȡɫܶȶīijɫԣӳijīͶȵֵʵӦУղĿͬñ׼խɫƬͬ׷ΧܶȣˣܶȼƵIJΪխӡˢҵгõܶȲʽΪɫƬ߽Ͽ졢̡໥棬ɵɫɫƬвɫͨխɫƬԹ׵ѡԽǿԣխֵܶϿֵҪߡܶȼԭͼ1ܶȼƲīĹ׷ʺ󣬿ͨɹʽ1īܶȡʽρinkΪ1īպʣಹɫķʣSikλΪԴĹֲrikλΪ̽Ĺȣτ(λ)ΪɫƬĹ͸ʣP(λ)ΪīԸĹ׷ʡ½űͬηΧֱӦͬηΧĺ졢̡⣬ӦࡢƷ졢īܶȣϽűkӦͬηΧڲͬĹֲʽӦͬӦʽõܶȡɫܶȼƵӦʽеܶȼƶʹöϵȷܶȣԵIJϵͳеӦʽɫƬ̽ܶȼڽĶϵͬĻõܶȶҲͬΪ˲ʱбҪܶȼӦʽͳһӦʽĹ涨ǰ׼ӦơУ׼ĽΪܶȼṩһµܶȡ1.ӦʽڲɫܶȲУܶȼʾIJֵȡܶȼʹõĹԴֲSik(λ)̽ĹrikλɫƬĹ͸τ(λ)ߵĹ׳˻ΪܶȼƲӦ÷∏ʾԲӦϸ涨ú졢̡ⶨֻܶһܶȼеģͬһɫṩĶֱӺһܶȼĶȽϡΪ˽йʡʼĽͱ׼ܶȼʵƣͳһˣʱ׼֯ISOұ׼ѧᣨANSIɫƬܶӦʽĹ涨X-Rite500ϵܶȼеTGEIӦʽʱ׼֯ISO涨ܶȼϵͳӦĶֵlg∏ﵽijӦ涨ֵܶȼƲõݼΪӦܶȡ2ΪTӦʽӦĶֵֻг̹ӦĶֵlg∏TGTӦ涨ܶȼƣõݼΪTӦܶȡ2TӦʽӦֵҹӡˢҵвõĺ졢̡䲨ηΧڵֲҪ󣬶ӦӦʽΪTӦʽTӦʽУ̽Ĺrik(λ)CIEֵ̼ƣɫӾغصתֵڱ׼TӦʽӦDZ׼δֻ֪īԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ˣͬʵɫòͬͺܶȼõı׼TӦܶӦȵģ֤ܶȲһԡ2.Ӧܶȵļݹʽ1ͣ2ԽƷī̹TӦܶùʽ3ʽУλɰҪȡ10nm20nmȡΪ20nm∏TGֵɱ2̹ӦĶֵig∏TGó𲨳∏TGƷīԸĹ׷ρ(λ)ij˻ֵ33∏TG׷ρ(λ)ij˻ɱ3еõ∏TG∏TG.ρ(λ)ֵ빫ʽ3ɵƷīTӦܶȡӦʽ㷽TӦơ(4)ʵX-Rite518ƫƬӦʽTGEIԴ׼ԴAɫ2856K׷Χ400nm-700nm׾3.4mm45°/0°(ANSI&ISO׼)״DRS24棬31㱨档ţӡˢCMYʵɫ顣ȫУ׼X-Rite518ΪͬӦʽֱʵɫܶȲ2ʾɱ2ûӦʽܶ߼ͼ24ӦʽIJTab.2measurementdataofconventionalresponsemodesͼ2Ӧʽܶͼ2֪TGEӦʽDCDMֵһ£ֻǻīܶTӦIӦΪTGEӦʽʹõǿɫƬɫƬ糣õ׵25ɫƬ׵47ɫƬGӦʽΪɫӡˢտӦTӦʽƣֻǶڽŨĻɫīȽУԲDrֵϴ󣬶EӦʽʹ׵47BխɫƬԶڻɫīõDrGӦӦʽIANSIƶһխӦʽˣгӦʽУIӦõܶǻīֵܶTӦ߳36.8īȵϸ΢仯ҲŴ36.8%Ӧʽڼʱīȵı仯ɫΪɫӾһֿоڻƽ⣬ɫУʱӦѡTӦʽΪĿܶȼƣڲīȡӡʺʱխܶȼƣ߾ȷȡġΪʵͼƵı׼ܶȼھȫУ׼󣬱Ӧʽȷѡֻʵֲݵһԣǽб׼ݽǰᣬҲʵͼƼ׼ĹؼڡձῨܴȨ֤Ϻ޿޹˾µϺ˾̩·Ƽ޹˾£ҵɵı׼ԴҵͨISO9001ϵ֤ձῨܴ2006꿪ʼһֱȨ˾༭113̳նȼƵʹ÷ԭ նȼ(տ˹)һרŲȡȵDZDzǿ(ն) 屻ij̶ȣҲõĹͨ뱻֮ȡնȼͨػغ΢ɡնȼƲԭ: ǰѹֱתɵܵĹԪ䵽رʱ͸Ĥ4뵼2ͽĤ4ķֽϣڽϲЧӦλĴСܹϵնһıϵʱ·ͻеֵͨտ˹LxΪ̶ȵ΢ָʾĴСȡǿͻ·еĵ衣նȼб䵵װã˿ԲնȣҲԲնȡ նȼƵࣺ1.Ŀնȼƣʹò㣬Ȳߣʹá2.նȼƣնȼƺ͹նȼơնȼƵʹҪ󣺡1.:΢ŦڡءV(λ)˹ɡ(Se)ػ(Si)նȼ,ֳտ˹2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵնȼƵʹò裺ٴ򿪵Դڴ򿪹ӣˮƽڲλáѡʺϲλʾֻʾ“1”ʾնȹҪ̼նȼƿʼʾʾնֵʾʾݲϵر䶯ʾݱȽȶʱHOLDݡ޶ȡ¼ʾĹ۲ֵ۲ֵڶʾֵij˻磺Ļʾ500½ʾ״̬Ϊ“×2000”նȲֵΪ1000000lx500×2000ٰһأȡֵܡÿһι۲ʱβ¼ÿһβɺ󣬰µԴؼжϵԴϹӣŻغնȼһҪ: С (Compact SizeLight Weight)նȼʹõĻdz㷺õʱҲڲͬijԿЯʽСΪնȼƵĵһȾ ׼ȷȩzAccuracy{նȼƵݬ񣬺׼ȷоԵĹϵȻҲļ۸ϢϢأԺļ۸׼ȷȽϸߵնȼʵбҪһ±15%Ϊˡ ɫʲ zColor Compensation{ԴЩƫزϳĵĺɫϵѹ 򲨳϶ɫϵDaylightչƣҲзֲȽƽ׳ϵУͬһնȼƶԲͬIJȿвͬʶȵIJҪ ҲzCosine Compensation{Ҷ֪ԴǶйءͬĵնȼʱӦzSensor{ԴǶȻնȼƵĶֵӰ졣һõնȼǷҲĹʵڲɺԡնȼע2.ʹҪ󣺡ٹӦֱԺõ(Se)ػ(Si;ʱ乤ܱõȶ,ȸ;EʱѡøĹ,ȵͶԺ,ǿ䲻𡡡ڸV(λ)˹Ƭ,ɫ¹Դն,С۹ǰһҽǶȲ(ײɫ)ԭǴʱ,ƫҶ򡡡նȼӦ»ӽ(Ư¶ȸıı䣩նȼƵĶ꣺ԭʹLsֱ→ EI/r2ırɵòͬնµĹֵEiĶӦϵ̶תΪնȿ̶ȡ귽ùǿ׼,ڽƵԴĹ,ı׼Ƶľl,¼¸µĵƵĶ,ɾƽȶE=/r2նE,ɴ˿ԵõһϵвͬնȵĹֵi,iնEı仯,ΪնȼƵĶɴ˿ɶնȼƱ̽зֶȼΪնȼƵĶꡡӰ춨ߵأغ͵Ƹʱ¶;նȼʹһʱӦնȼ½ж(һһӦ춨1-2);߾ȵնȼƿùǿ׼ƽм춨;նȼƵĶ̿ɸır,Ҳѡòͬı׼,ѡС̵ĵơնȼƵãնǵеĹϵĹգɷֹ¹ʵķ֮Ĺ߿ƣ͵ij̶ԶԶ۾ıˣʻϲ¹ʺƣ͵Ҫԭ֮һͳϱְҵͶ¹Լ30ֱӻ߲ɵġݣĹҪǷdzϸģչǿӰЧôǾסڶնȵѧҪأնѧһʮҪָꡣָ۾оĵŷ䣬߽۾ɲ֪ΪӾĹָɼ⣬䲨Χ380760nmף֮䡣ĿǰɹɷΪȻɹ˹ԴࡣȻɹָں͵ȻնȣֱӵչɢΧķ⣬òɹϵȻնȱʾɹϵָɹڵЧڵ֮ȡһסլIJɹϵ15115֮䣬ס18110֮䣨ڵȻնϵȻնˮƽǷӳڵĺͬʱĹϵҲӳعȻԴնָܺͣΪ˵Ĺҹƶйڣնȵ׼ڹ̳꣩ն׼≥100Lxͼݡݡݡչ̨նȵ׼≥100Lxԡն׼≥50Lxԡңܡءԡ≥30Lxɣԡ≥30Lx.йնȵı׼¹Ƽֶǿ칫Ұ鹤Ϊ300Lx֣ͼΪ750LxڹϵӾնҪΪ1000LxƵꡢΪ200LxӴ㡢ɹΪ200Lx̵ijΪ15002000LxҽԺΪ150200LxΪ500LxѧУΪ400700LxʳáڽΪ300LxȡնȴСIJһնȼƲնȼƿɲͬǿȣԿɼⲨκ߲εIJṩ׼ȷIJ֮ն彡Ƕ۾ıżҪѧ塣?ӣhttp://www.11317.com/article-1474.htmlתע113̳ǽ۾ѧ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ1ѧĿ֪ʶ뼼ܢ֪۾ijԭԽۺԶ۵ij˽⣬֪͸ԸıλôӶﵽĿġ֪͹͸ܳСʵԭƳɵġdz˽΢ԶĽṹá뷽ȹ۲۾Զ۾ľƬо־Ƭáʵʲѧա΢۲΢С壬Զ۲Զ壬ѧӦIJֵ̬ۢ˹͹͸ʵеӦãѧ֪ʶؼᷢչӰ졣ǿʶע2̲˵ҪУ˽۾ĽṹԭۺԶ۵ijо۾Զ۾ã˽Ļṹͳԭ˽΢ԶĽṹãѧʹ΢Զչݣ۾۾΢Զǰѧ͸֪ʶʵеӦáˣݶѧ͹͸Ĺɣѧй֪ʶĸʶѧѧϰȤϵʵʵѧ̬ȣγɽѧ֪ʶʶȣҪ塣ڵıд˼·ǣѧȽϤԭֽΪ򵥵۾ʼȽ۾ģԼۺԶ۵ijô˽ۺԶνأΪʲô۾ľƬǰ͸Զ۾ľƬ͹͸“1”оЩѧȽϹĵ⡣۾ľ׼ȷر֣Ƿ“Ӱı”Ļṹͳԭ΢ԶҲ͸ԭƳɵģִѧогõľ˵ǵijȽϸӣԱڽ̲ѧʶ΢Զͳ̲Ĺ͹͸ɵӦãһֻܷŴ󾵡ͶӰǡŶý弼IJϷչʽͶӰʹԽԽ٣й֪ʶѧչ˵ʵüֵԱ̲ûнͶӰǣ۾۾΢ԶԼǿγѧִƼϵڽѧص㣺ˮƽߣѽǧ򻧣۾ѧأѧЩ֪ʶѧ˵νã۾DZڽѧص㡣ڽѧѵ㣺ûµ͹ɣֻչԵؽ͸֪ʶʵеӦãΪʶ˽֪ʶѶȲȶԣۺԶ۵ijͽҪѧ˼еĵDZڽѧѵ㡣3ѧ鱾ݶΪʶ˽֪ʶѧۡʵоȷʽнѧý̲ġͼý塢ʵȽѧԴѧ˽͸Ĺ㷺Ӧã ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧ13죬TILOϺֹ˾ҵӢɽ 2011422-24գTILOϺ˾Ϊף13꣬Ϻֹ˾ҵӢǰɽΡ಻Ⱥɽ“ɽɽ”ȻɽľƺʯɡȪرλþһʤա ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 1 Ӣˬӭ ӭͦ嶫࣬ⶴϣʯ˰ꡣʼɽָϡ10ңؾ64ףؾ75ף֦¸25סǧв76׵֦չǰǡһλÿ͵ˣչ˫ۣ黶ӭɽɱΪɽɵĴ̬ԾҶǣͦΣɰʫԻ“ɰǰľɣɫʡ˫۴ӭ¿ͣĺٸꡣ”˵ˣĿôɣʱ˱׷㾰Ϊҡðеľ޷ӭɡǸġӭ⣬Ϊлÿ͵ӭΪ֮屦ǵ֮ġƺ λڻɽвϣ춼塣Ϊ36֮һ1864ףǻɽ߷壬Ҳǻ߷塣ϼμ˵“ӻɽ֮У֮”“춼ษ”ƾĿܵóȷĽۣڵʱȷ˲ķָ֡Ϊɽ߷ĵһˡ˷͸ʣΰͻأСӵٲŭţ“”ʫԻ“һϼͤͤ覡ңʸƾ¶嶥ʮɻ”ӡʫƣ“ij𣬷ߺԡĿɽ£ͷƶӦ㣬ҲԳӰ᰹ǧ״ܵδԡ”зҵɡԲ࣬Ի“ʯ”һһ“ɳ”Ϸ嶥һߣһɫԶ֮СھʵӣԶĿհ®Ż볤磬˷ƺ۵ףޱ׳ۡݴŴ嶥“”û 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1candela=0.981candle3.ʲôͨ?ͨĵλʲô? 𣺹ͨφĶǣԴǵԴڵλʱ,пɲӾߣܸоķͨΪͨͨĵλΪдlm1lumenlmΪһʱ׼ĹԴڵλ廡ͨĹͨΪ4πR2һͨһͨ1/4π˵4π,˰Ķ֪һcdĵԴ4πφ=4πI⣩ٶΩΪС廡ǣڡΩڹͨφСφ=ΩI 4.һӢĺʲô? һӢָһĹԴԴǵԴһӢԶϵĹնȣдΪ1ftc1 lm/ft2/Ӣ2ÿƽӢյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ1ftc=10.76 lux5.һĺʲô? һָһĹԴԴǵԴһԶϵĹնȣΪտ˹luxҲдlxÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱնȣ/26. 1 luxĺʲôÿƽյĹͨΪ1ʱն7.նȵĺʲô? նȣEĶΪ嵥λܵĹͨ˵ܹڵλʱÿλܵĹȣλӢ⣨ftcʾ8.նȡ֮ʲôϵ? նȡĹϵǣE(ն)=I()/r2(ƽ)9.նȴСЩй? 𣺱նԴķǿȼ͹Դ֮ľйأ뱻ɫʼС޹1881꣬ĶΪ1Ƴ֮120mg/hٶˮƽȼյˮƽϵķǿȺʹùԴ֬׳ơƵ1948꣬Բ̵ĺ1967꣬candela101325Pa£ڲ¶ȵĺ1/600000m^2ڴֱϵķǿ1979꣬candelaǷɫƵΪ540*10^12HzĵɫĹ׹ЧK=683lm/W󾭳ҰͿͬʵƫ.ЩλĻû̫ʵ塣ձĵ1lm=cd 1cd=WĻϵҲοΪcdlmwһЩϵ(nm) CIE ӦĹЧϵ Ӧ/صĻ380 0.0000 0.05390 0.0001 0.13400 0.0004 0.27410 0.0012 0.82420 0.0040 2.73430 0.0116 7.91440 0.0230 15.7450 0.0380 25.9460 0.0600 40.9470 0.0910 62.1480 0.1390 94.8490 0.2080 142.0500 0.3230 220.0510 0.5030 343.0520 0.7100 484.0530 0.8620 588.0540 0.9540 650.0550 0.9950 679.0555 1.0000 683.0560 0.9950 679.0570 0.9520 649.0580 0.8700 593.0590 0.7570 516.0600 0.6310 430.0610 0.5030 343.0620 0.3810 260.0630 0.2650 181.0640 0.1750 119.0650 0.1070 73.0660 0.0610 41.4670 0.0320 21.8680 0.0170 11.6690 0.0082 5.59700 0.0041 2.78710 0.0021 1.43720 0.0010 0.716730 0.0005 0.355740 0.0003 0.170750 0.0001 0.082760 0.0001 0.041ISO12233ͷֱʵʹ÷1.÷ΧCIPA׼DC-0032003¼Ʊ׼)þֹƬ¼ƣDSCڲƷĿ¼мؾֹƬķֱʱñ׼涨IJ2.ñ׼ļڱ׼б׼ǽɱ׼涨һ֡Щñ׼°汾׷ݣISO122332000 Photography-Electronic still-picturecameras - resolutionmeasurementsISO7589:2002 Photography–Illuminants forsensitometry-Speccificationsfordaylight,incandescenttungstenandprinter3.Pa) ֱresolution⣬ɷֱ澫ϸͼļޡԻÿλ߶ȵʾb) aliasingƵСͼźŸƵʵ2ʱڲƵʵĸߴгص°Ӱǵ䣨꣩д湤ҵ19884ͼ4.1ISO12233ֱʲԿ׼12233Ϊ,ͼ(ͼ4.1,¼ISOͼ)ҲֱISO12233ͼISOͼаʽ׼ӾֱʣҪʹеˮƽJ1K1ֱJ2K2б45ȷJDKDʽISO12233м3ֲISOͼIJɹο912233ʹISOͼʱһֱʹøͼҲԼIJ֣ƴкʹISO12233ҪSine Patterns˾Applied Image˾Լձ,йԴӴ 4.2ISOͼֵĺӰʱͼЧ߶ȣ򳤱߿ͼ4.1ʱֿڲĸ߶ȣռ,ͼ*100Ϊÿλ߶ȵ.ʱһҪЧ߶ռ,ʱҪб궨(ο5.2ȡͼ).4.3ISOͼͼҲԼʹISOͼͬͼʱISO12233й涨ISOͼȻЩ涨Ҫ󣩡a) ׵ײֵķRmaxɫֵķRmin֮Ϊ80>Rmax>Rmin>40ISO12233ĵ4.5b) ͼλþ涨λΪ0.2mm߶ȵ+-0.1%ISO12233ĵ4.8c) ߿Ϊ+-5%ISO1233ĵ4.8d) ˫ͼK1K2ϸ֣İɫֺͺɫ֣ķʱRmax/RminΪ18ϡΪ“Ƽ”ˮƽISO12233AnnexBҲʹ͸ͼʱĿķӦͳ͸ʡʹ͸ͼʱɢ޹Ƿͻ͸ͣͼԷֹԡ55.1 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TES-133020,200,2,000,20,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10Ϊȷնֵ) TES-1332200,2,000,20,000,200,000lux(20,000luxʾֵ֮×10200,000luxʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) TES-133420,200,2,000,20,000lux/fc(20,000lux/fcʾֵ֮×100Ϊȷնֵ) ע1fc10.76Lux ׼ ȷ ȣ±3> rdg±0.5> f.s 10,000lux׼ȷΪ±4> rdg±10> dgts ɫ2856K׼ƽУ ظԣ±2> ¶ԣ±0.1> /档 ȡ ʣ2.0/롣 壺帽˹⾵Ƭ ʪȣ0 ~ 40(32> ~ 104> )0 ~ 80> RH ʪȣ-10 ~ 50(14> ~ 104> )0 ~ 70> RH ʾλ"1"ʾ Դ9Vأʽ006PIEC6F22NEDA1604 ʹԼ200Сʱ(Alkaline) ߳ȣ150cm ߴ磺100(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm ߴ磺135(L)×75(W)×33(H)mm 250g ʹ˵顢Ƥסء ƺ͹ܣ> Һʾ32/1λҺʾֵ1999ʾΧ o TES-1330"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"BT"o TES-1332"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"×100"(ֵ100)"BT"o TES-1334"LUX""H""20,000""×10"(ֵ10)"fc""P""BT"> Χָʾ o TES-1330ʾ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ʾ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ʾ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> ԴأлԴON/OFF> ֵأHOLDһΣ"H"ţܺLCDֵ֮նȲٰһHOLDأȡHOLDܲ²նȡ> ֵأPEAKһΣ"P"ţ׷ٹźţֵֵַ½ʣԼÿ101λٰһPEAKأȡPEAKܲ²նȡTES-1334д˿عܡ> LUXλأLUXһΣ"LUX"ţնֵLUXλʾ> fcλأfcһΣ"fc"ţնֵfcλʾ> Χأ o TES-1330ѡ 202002,00020,000LUXo TES-1332ѡ 2002,00020,000200,000LUXo TES-1334ѡ 202002,00020,000LUX/fc> á> ģDCѹ(ѡ)> ֧ܣ(ѡ)ġ> 򿪵Դ> ѡʺϲλ> 򿪹ͷǣԴ֮ˮƽλá> ȡնȼLCDֵ֮> ȡֵ֮λ"1"ʾʾӦѡϸߵλ> 趨20000LUX/fcλʱʾֵ×10Dzֵ趨200,000LUXλʱʾֵ×100Dzⶨֵ> ֵأѹHOLDһ£LCDʾ"H"ţʾֵѺһHOLDأȡֵܡ> ֵźţѹPEAKһΣLCDʾ"P"ţֵѺPEAKһΣظԡ> ɺ󣬽ͷǸǻأԴOFF塢ظ> صʱLCDϳ"BT"ָʾʾء> ƿвԶ֮Դͷָʾ򿪵ظǡӵؿȡµأһö9Vء> ϵظǡԣߡά> ڸ¡ʪ²> ʹʱ豣ָɾ> ԴԲο׼λܹˡ> Ȼʹʱ͡Уάֻȷȡˡֳնȱ׼ο> LUXնֵ10.76fcնֵ.ѡʵԶ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡձKONICA MINOLTA(Ῠܴ)Яʽɫ.Ŀǰгϳ۵Զ෱࣬ĿϾӡܵ˵ɰ¼֣ز֣ͬйģԻ¹ȣڵģϡ㶫㽭Ĵȣ̽Ӳ֣ͬл顢ӵԶȣ;֣ͬб䱶ˮҹӾŴ֣ͬеͱ2~5߲Ʒб7~10߱15~70 ѡԶʱĿм֣ô⼸˵ʲôأԾһ˵һ¡10×50mm5°ʾŴΪ10ᄉֱΪ50ףҰΪ5ȣ1000ҰΪ87.4ף˻ΪԽԽãʵȻŴҰȳɷȣŴԽҰԽСͲᄉֱԽ࣬ڹ߲ʱֱԽǿȻµԶЯôһ˵оʴӣֻҪȡ̣ͬԹһܺԶڴἸ㽨ԹѡԶʱΪοһ뵽ϻ򺣱Σ벻ҪǹһܷˮԶرЯϵмNIGULAϵзˮԶڶι۹⣬ɹһС߱䱶ܵԶ㵽ЩԶ۶ɽ֮̽”Σյش棬ǾӦùһܸ߱ԶģҪԻʱУùһܱ䱶Զ˵һʹ÷Ϊ䱶Զɴӵͱ𽥵߱ʹʱӦõͱҰдȻø߱СҰϸ۲졣ʹԶԶ۲Զһں¡ﶼŲɵ͹áеȴʹòͷۻŻµ ʹԶӦҪ㣺ڴŵԶʱҪϸһ£־ƬùҪøɾ鿴Ӷȵװú͵ͫ׼ӲǷװӶȷֻе۵ӶȲͬҪֱװֻʹÿֻ۾ؿͫ׼ʹľͼصһ𡣡۲ʱ̬Ҫ磬پӦƽȡþʱգ壬۲ʱ֧šȷĽӶλáͬͺŵԶͫ׾벻һ£۾Ҳ磬62ʽ8Զѽ۾Ȧѱ״̬ʱӶλýΪˣʱͫ׾Ϊ˺ס۲ĿꡣĿľ룬ֻ۲ԶĿ꣬Ӧھ۲ת뾵ڡȸԺȷ˳й۲졣ΪˣӦϤȷʹòֻͬӦλֻԾԶԣԱѸٵرĿλã߹۲Чʣþʱ䡣ѩ졢ǿ⡢Ȳͬ£ҪװӦ˹⾵ƬԼٰѩǿ۵Ĵ̼оijжȡʹôкйԶʱҪѺйοԱйľҷҰСӰ۲ЧƽʱҪƱܣֹ˾棬ࡢˬܳ ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢҵռı׼Դ(һ) 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׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢ԴɫX-Riteɫǡͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧӡˢеı׼۲ISO 3664 ɫʺܶȲӡˢжԸпƵij÷Ƕһͼ˵ЩصIJԷܴ۶ԶɫЧۡӡˢУҪǽͼͼԭбȽϣжɫʸƵĻԭ̶ȡ磬һƵIJɫͼɫۣõһַǽЩͼһԭͼԭʵ̶ȵĽۡ ɣӡˢжӡƷƽпƵĸѹ۲ӦӡƷĹ۲컷ʮĹ۲컷ˢԱͿͬ½ӡˢƷƷʼˡһ㲻̫ܣҪǣĹ۲ԭ塢ƬͬšӡˢƷֱӵĶԱȡΪڹԴع۲£ÿһֲϵɫʽֱӰͼЧǵıֳͬΪ˱ɫʸЧ⣬ڲƷƹʹȶĹ۲ʮֱҪġ۲컷Χڵ棬ɫҳں̶ܴӰŹ۲߶Թ۲Ľڵɫʸоƣʹñ׼۲й۲졣һĹ۲̨ڷӵijһ֡ԣԹ۲컷ĿʮҪΪȷеĸƻʹͳһĹ۲ƼͳһĹ۲׼ڱСڲɫӡˢƷƬĹ۲Ƽı׼ISO3664µİ汾1999Ƴ±׼Ƴ֮ǰѾ׼1975ġISO3664 ۲ɫ͸Ƭ͸ƷANSIġPH2.30-1989 ӡˢƷƬɫӡˢƷͶ伤ƷĹ۲йع۲׼ƼʮƣȫͬµISO3664׼ĸİ1994ĩʼģANSIЭʾп׼ΪANSI׼ӡˢƻУҪ֤ȶһµĹ۲¼ؼأ1ԴĹֲ2ԴķǿȺ;ȶ3۲컷۲컷ݣ4ȶ ISO3664°汾ҪƼ׼ͬʱп׼ڲɫĻϽͼ۲죬ͼƬչͼ͵ҲƼ˱׼ͬʱӡˢҵ1жISO3664Ĺ۲׼еĹؼĿ˽ܡ1˲ƼΪ˲ɫʾIJοƶ˹ԴĹֲܷԲɫʾָ˰׵ɫ̶ȡЩ˵Ǹ1976u’10’10UCSϵͳӾ۲õ2͸ӡƷбȽʱ͸ԴնͬӡƷ۲ƽնȱ2+-.213ɫʾĻӦСڻ32 lxһ㡴=64 lxʹáԴı궨׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡ1 ISO еָ۲ ISO۲ οɫ(1) ն ɫָ(CIE13.2׼) ͬɫָ(CIE51) ȶ(min:max) ķ/ն/ ӡƷļȽ(PI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 2000 lx+-500 lx(Ϊ+-250 lx) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 λø1mX1mƽ>=0.75 1mX1mƽ>=0.6 <60%(ӦΪԻҲ޷) ͸ֱӹ۲(TI) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2(Ϊ160cd/m^2)(2) ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: B >=0.75 5%-10%ˮƽ(ӦΪԻ,50mm) ӡƷʵ(P2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 500+-125 lx ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪBUV:<4 >=0.75 <60%(ΪԻҲ޷) ͸ƬͶӰ۲(T2) D50׼Դ(0.005) 1270+-320 cd/m^2 ָ:>=901-8ָָΪ:>=80 ӾЧ: C: ΪB >=0.75 ˮƽΪ5%-10%(ԻҲڸ50mm) ɫʾ D65Դɫ(0.025) 75 cd/m^2(Ϊ>100cd/m^2) _____ _____ _____ Իҡһڣ3 ׼нĹ۲ƼΪCIE D50׼ԴʵǽָΪɫ5000Kչ׷ֲ˵ʼʹD50һԭڹ׵̡첨εֲӽ״̬Դ뾡취ʹøֲӫƺɫƬԵõD50ЧĹԴǣǼвûһֵƵķЧCIE׼D50ȫƥ䡣ԣڱ׼ƼӦIJʵ۲Դ۹Դ̶ȽбȽϡǰı׼УƥʹCIEɫָָӳһϵб׼ɫD50Դ±ֵɫʵʹ۲ԴµʾɫƳ̶ȡǴɫʾй׵ķߣUVϹϹЧҳʲӰ죬ǾͿʹ1795ı׼øˡǰ,ɫʹϵͳڴͼʱ,ʹ¼:ȾתơīȵȡЩʽʹͼɫʷЩʹõԭɫȼϣƥƬīӡˢɫЧʱǵķƥɫ߻ijЩطͻͬɫƥ䡣ͬɫƥĸɫı仯ʮСֻʹɫָԴѾˡ±׼бɫָһͬʱµı׼ӶȺUVɫָָCIE׼No.511981--۹ԴķЩʹ˸Ӹӵƥ׼һ궨һ궨UVֵԱϸĶʵʹԴCIE D50֡Ҳ˵±׼۲豸ṩȶĹ۲⽫Ϊ²ϻӫƶֽźīԶֵ⡣IJʾھɱ׼ΪǽϺõĹ۲豸󲿷Ҳͬ±׼ڱ׼綨豸ܴ,Ҫ Ի˵ƼָǿеģЩҪһĹһֽGATF/RHEMĹԴָʾڹ۲ȷʱԹ۲컷档װֱװڹ£ѹԱ۲컷ʮַ㡣ҪעǣGATF/RHEM˵۲ȷԡˮƽ±׼Ƽնȣն(P1)2000+-500 lx,ͱȽͼʱʹãն(P2)500+-25 lxģ۲ͼ׵۲졣ڱ׼ڼۺͱȽϷ޸ʮֱҪ磬ȽԭŵЧӡˢбȽϺͬźӡˢͼϸ΢ɫʲڴƼ׼ɴˣܹ۲һӦȣնˮƽı仯ҲͼıЧʮӰ졣Ϊģͼ۲컷ʹƼĵնˮƽ(P2)ȻճĹ۲еҲڱ仯DZ׼նѡƽ۲ǾдԵҵУնˮƽƼӦ˺ܴ顣̫նƼԣڱ׼֮󸽼ʾ˵ע“ǿȽͼϸЧ”ʱڸƽʱ۲ն½У⽫ڹ۲ͼϸ΢磺һźͬһӡˢܹ׵ıȽ֡ԣеŻͼȽϱP1½СǣڵһͼĽ׵ƺʵУĹ۲½С߶ͼĹ۲һµġȻĹ۲ǿ֪ܲٲ˽۲£ʹõ͵۲ģĹ۲Ҫȷͼİϸֱܹ档P2David McDowell֮һΪӦǿ¼ʵӦ÷⣺

򲻴һ⡣ ߼ ߼ʵʱϸƷǿɫԣڼ˷ѣҿЧЧʡ“”㺬壺һָϵͳװϣָϵͳߵĿϵͳ ͳɫͨͺƷɫʱܶϸIJƷѾ²ϵ˷ѣ߼Կ˷һȱ㡣磬ڽͲĵУƷϵͳ԰װڼϡƷλû򵽴趨ʱʱϵͳԶƷɫʱʵʱɫݡиƷ֮ǰϸղƷɫҲϽеڼУƷ뿪ߣҲֹͣߵˣؽԼʱɱ ϵͳߵĿϵͳγɱջϵͳɫݲҪʱϵͳϵͳ棬ֱֹͣװڷϵļϵͳһɹӦðƷɫƫֵʱϵͳйزŷ档ƷΧϵͳԶָϲϸIJƷתض ߵĿϵͳһôǣԶ̼ɫݡԱԱڰ칫ҼӲƷɫҲͨϵͳֱ´صָʾͳɫϵͳҪʼ绰ȷʽ˹ɫƷ״ʱ׼ȷҲϲlacrimosa Tilo WolffTilo Wolff (ڵ1972710)Ŀǰסʿһλ¹ּҡһֱӪֶLacrimosaֶ1990ijε̨Ѿ9רҡԵȫͬķΧdark wave͹ֶӵֵķ WolffŲд˼еLacrimosaʫ ˳裬ٲЭרķ档1990LacrimosaҵõHall of SermonijƬ˾Hall of Sermon Lacrimosa֮⣬8ֶֻӣ Dreams of SanityGirls Under Glass Tilo WolffӪʱļƻLacrimosaţ1990ѷ9ר,ǵں˰ءԼڵĶַWolffΪÿһ׸߻дʣÿרĴ⹤ LacrimosaͬTiloԼijƬ——Hall of Sermon/——ֶӵľijƬ˾2004TIlo WolffSnakeskinLacrimosaζһת䡣Tilo WolffϸTilo Wolff1972.7.10ϵķ˸ йͯꡢԼڵ˽֪١ 12ʱTiloͿʼ׫дɢģڸѧ־ Ϲѧ;ѧ֮йһѧ־ɹ ֣ʼĿֻǷԼʫģΪ˸ԼɣѧϰСźʹţٰСֻᣬͬʱٺʹš 1990˵һMC“Clamor”ǸıһҪ¼ ֶͬ꣬Lacrimosaĵ“lacrimae”ᣩ“mosa”ʡ磩ɣΪ“ʵ”ҲֶӵСLOGOǺϡ⣬“Lacrimosa”ҲĪδɵ“”еһڡ Tilo WolffܹŵԪӰַdzƣƷһλۼΪ“20͵Ī”Ǽijƺš 1991꣬ΪܹƵʵԼTiloԼij“Hall of Sermon”----һΣðжʵõıҲӦ˵һҵðжһŷеר“Angst”ԼƷֱģɴ˰ΣԭֱΪʱˣܲҵ澰ij Tilo WolffƵĸֱУȫԼ֮·ѹκɡLacrimosaѾΪ¹̨Ŀ·ͷֶӡ 1993Lacrimosaٰ˵һֻᣬһ“Satura”ѲTiloʶ˳ڷAnne NurmiʱΪֶ“Two Witches”еһԱֻĿʼݳ֮AnneʽֶӣΪLacrimosa˸˵Ԫء 1996Tiloõ“Zillo”־“Alternative Rock Music Award”ĸ˽˺ֶȡԽԽijɾͣÿεķж¹ٷиѡĿ 1997Lacrimosa״οʼȫŷ޵ѲݣֶȡûԻͳɾ͵ı־ֶӵĵһֳר 1999귢еר“Elodia”ֶʷϵһת۵㣨ԭע˹۵㣩LacrimosaЩı仯״ԵıֳֿʼڷͬѰġǿҶбʱչִһģˣǶʵ⣩ֳϣĶй۲ijӽǡ Tilo WolffҲٴķӳַչ̣һڰGruftie˭ܸҾʲôGruftieڿTiloйصѾöοˣתΪһGothenԭעԭұ׾ıGothenʲô“”ôѾˣΪ˱ǿҵĶTiloij羴Ѿ״ˡ Ǵ“Elodia”ʼLacrimosaģҲˣȷʵַչǼ˵ģder einzig m?gliche Prozess der zum Leben (und nicht zu blo?er Existenz, die man betrauert) führt˭ܸߵ˵ʲôҵǣLacrimosaԵӰҲ͸ǵУǿʼףͨΪֻһ“”ϵ棬һҲԲû루ⳣǺѵģͰķʽ(ҲǵdzĮ˱˵ı־) TiloΪ׿رУҲΪ׿ֱõıһ˵СĽɫGreenaway, Lnych und Kubrick (ô)ĵӰҲʹdz˵Ӱһ룬гһչӵһLacrimosaƵôʼһµ򡣣ѾӵһVideo˹۵㣬µLichtgestaltƵûǰǼҵӡ̡ 2004TiloʼһĿSnakeSkinһijԡرлTilo Wolff˿www.TiloWolff.com˫ˮӦü˫ˮŨȿټⷽ ˫ˮ⣬ѧʽH2O2һҪ޻ƷҲǹҵҪƯ׼ȼڷֽ֯ṤҽҩӡʳƷӦù㷺Ŀǰҹ˫ˮƷֹҵԼҽҩ͵ӼŨ27.5%, 35%,50%.70%ȶֹ һ˫ˮҪӦ 1.1 ֯ҵ ֯ҵ˫ˮҪ֯ƯףԭȾȾɫʱɫ֯ѽߵ֯֯֯ƷëƤëƷ Ưס 1•2 ֽҵ ˫ˮֽҵɷΪֽƯ׺ͷֽīֽƯʱҪڻе (ĥľ)Ư;ڴֽʱʹīֽά룬ʹֽİ׶ȣǽ˫ˮֽҵǰ; Ӧ 1•3 ѧҵ ڻѧҵ棬˫ˮ㷺ȡл޻ἰΣлл޻򻯺ڴ߻ۺϷӦȵȡ 1•4 ˫ˮʹʱȾҿֱЧشҵϣرǷˮɴжˮ(ȥζɫ)Ⱦ˫ˮѳеNO򴼡ȩȣҲӡˮ˫ˮˮлȾ 1•5 ӹҵ ӹҵУ˫ˮѧƷƳɸʴҺϴ⣬DZ硢гҵĵƼӹҪ˫ˮ Һ 1•6 ʳƷҵ һʳƷ˫ˮĸҺŨȴΪ30%50%ңʹʱҪϡʵıʳƷ˫ˮɹ㷺ƷϡˮȪˮˮƷϹ߲ˡݼƷƷơƵʳƷ֮УΪӹɱƯ׵ȡ ˫ˮкܶ಻ȷأ˾װ˫ˮҪλ˫ˮʹװĤ˫ˮװĤĽӴ̶ȡǿȡʱȡ Ʒ޾װ35%ʳƷ˫ˮȶԡȵָнϸߵҪ 豸͹ܵʳƷ˫ˮˮϡ30-50ϡҺ豸ϴԹܵ20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ װϡ35-100ʳƷ˫ˮҺн20-30ӣѹϴ10-30룬Һųɣˮϴ ռʳƷ˫ˮˮ1:100ıϡͺҺڿУ𵽶ռЧʳƷҵGMPHACCP׼͹ ԱʳƷ˫ˮϡ50-100õҺɶԹԱԲͬijϡͬƷɸʵòͬķͲͬŨȵҺȿɴﵽЧֿɽʹóɱʳƷ˫ˮõķܡϴݡĨߵȡ 1•7 ҵ ˫ˮҽҩϳVBɡǿɵƱ3%µ˫ˮϡҺҽҩϵɱ⣬ڽҵĭϷݼƱڻе,豸ľܵϴȵȡ ˫ˮĿټⷽ Ŀǰ˫ˮķиЧҺɫ׷ֹȷѧζлѧζְⷽصζ͵ȡЩⷽҪԼֶθӣ˹ӡѧȾأٶڿٶȡȱ㡣۹ķ˫ˮҺŨʱһֿټķҲݣҪѧԼܽԭɫ⼼ֹʹά ɫϲƷԽԽҪĽϲƷɫݻԭֹӦڸͲƷķԼɫƳĶֲƷɫͼ5ڷĩ״ҺƷҪʢʯӢнм.ֹʹþһֹʹþΡ1.ֱ׼Һ䣬ʹùڱ׼Һʹ֮ǰһҪУհʱ͸Ƿ100%2.ɫӦñ࣬ϡϴ11ľƾϴɡֹӲ͸档߽ʹ10%ҺݣȻˮҴϴ2~3ΡɫзԣʹʱҪע⣬ϸ۲ɫϷӦһͷ־ģⷽע͵ҺʱӦѡ͸档ʹԵıɫ3.ֹ񶯣Ӱѧϵͳ4.ڿ״̬ʱӦôƷţӰ紫5.Ʒв⿪ӳԴ6.ȶԲƯƴʱӦÿǸԴԪ7.һֹҪйԴ֡·֡IJ֣·еѹԴ⣬ٵ⼰ٵλ·һµ⡣·Ҫбɫ󲻸ɾƹɫλòʣ£ɫλ÷һŰֽ״ԾΣڼģǹܻ߹ʱҲ⡣8.ֺܶ“ë”ɨٶȹ죬Ũȹ߻С9. ֹȼʱ,ʯӢʱȶ,ЩԭȷǷóɲɫ,жϷһÿɫ1ABSɫô.ٴÿ㿴Ƿȶ,粻,ȶʯӢȶ,ǷհҺ̫,ǷհҺҩƷ,߿հҺ͸Χʺϴ˲״210NMȺܴ޷㡣10. ȵѡĿȻֱӰ쵽ⶨȺУ׼ߵԷΧȹʱĵɫ⽵ͣУ׼ƫȶɣȽͣȹխʱǿƱҪ棬֮ڲѡȵķǣȵı仯ĿһΧڣDzģȴijһ̶ʱȿʼСˣڲСʱȣѡȡĺʵȡ11. ֵ׼ʲôԭָ(1).Ļǿ.(2).ȶĻ,ƷŨǷ,ÿ0-1֮.(3).ŨȺʵĻ,Ƿɫûɾ,һˮϴһ,ɺþͷֽɾ.(4).ƷǷȶ,㲻Ʒ仯,ôƷб仯,ƷǷ.12.ά1.ԴһΪ220V,10%ĵѹ.2.ΪӳԴʹ,ڲʹʱҪԴ.3.ɫĺIJ,װܷڲܲ,ΪֹɫɢԪܳù,뾭 ɫи.(4).ȷʹճ,ճعѧ.(5).תԪܳʱ䱩,Ӧǿܳ.ƷIJⶨΪ͸ĺͲ͸ģⶼԲ⣬״һҪ󣬸ݸҲͬҪҪǹ̶⣬Ҫϸʹá͸ùƷؼܸɷ̶Ʒڡ͸ַΪ֣1⻬壬þ淴ɫ徵淴ɫԭ2治⻬û򸽼еIJɫԭ(⼼̣豸ĿۡƷ⡢У׼񡣱ȽƼ׿Խ켼ϸϵͳΪҵṩһIJƷϹгԱ׼ṩȫʵ(CPSIAٷϿʵ)йңCNASISO/IEC17025:2005Ͽɺ͹Ͽɵĵ⼰֤Ĵۺŷ˱׼׼кʻѧʵңרҵ£ӣߣƷ鱦ΣϣƤϣЬģֻϼ֤лѧ䱸ձȶṩGC-MS,ICP-AES,UV/VIS,HPLC,AAS,ɼȼƣ⹯ǣѹ΢⹤վȡϵͳȾܵIJXRFɨ豸ȫϽڲеʺ⡣ʵҵƹ滮Ʒ䱸װѵԤάޣƻ񣻡רҵУ׼񣻡Ʒ⼰֤. ׼Դ޹˾ӪƷ׼Դɫ䡢Ӣ-׼Դ䡢Դͷͷñ׼Դӡˢҵñ׼ԴԲɫǡֹܶǡɫֱʿɫնȼƵȹѧǼСײ״αԶ㵽ѧҼƻ2011“”P/2010 A2зȷ̫佫󴵶ԶԼصXκνδԶִƵСײάϣƻеĴۺѲԶܹСײ󲻾ñ㷢󡣾̫̫ԶһգʾС̫ײľĵƬʷϻǵһΡ оֽ1014ճġȻ־ϡЩΪоСײʱΪԼײƬγɱ鲼̫ϵijṩά˵“Щ۲dzҪΪҪ˽̫ϵijԺδԼжײСǶ‘’ǡǿԽЩӦΧƬ̵оΪƬڿײġ˽⳾βܹйЩ” 1£ֿϽСоСѲƻĿѧҵһСǴڷһ֮ΪP/2010 A2塣ʱP/2010 A2ųβͣѧΪһǡһ۲췢֣P/2010 A2һΪص塣ݹ̫ԶƬӵһXκˡ ŷ޺ֺѧҡоԱ·߶ʾ“ҿƬ֪һرĶ”ݴѧɼУѧҡ“”۲оԱ·άرʾѧһɣһֱܴﵽ1016Ӣ(Լ35)ʯʱٴԼ11200(ԼÿСʱ18000)ٶײһ͸Сǣײ൱һöСԭӵ ˹ʿ̫ϵͳо(¹ױֵ)ǿѧҡоԱ·˹ŵ¸˹ʾ“ǵһֱӹ۲⵽СײüǰµIJкƲ⡣” ͽССϴСϵʡ̫ѹ֮ײƬСǺ棬γһǵβ͡ԶƬʾĺֱΪ390Ӣ(Լ120)βеijС12.5֮䣬γһֱ65Ӣ(Լ20)򡣡 ʼΪγһXκʱάرʾ“һ£һשӽӾػᷢʲôɽˮһƽĴһϵϸ˿ԼṹӳשκײǶȵȵȡ嵽A2ϣײ߻DZײ߶ܳΣXαۿܷӳDz״Լһƫĵײ” оԱʾγСǿܶײΪϤǼп͸СǧǰײIJάָСײΪеСÿԼһײ¹ʡ˵“ʹײСٺܴѶȣΪײΪP/2010 A2Сײַdzģ” ͨײγP/2010 A2СǴǰΪѧ֪Ϊȼͣ޷۲⵽ѧҲûĿô˴ײΪײʱС̫ͬһ򡣵ģʾ˴ײ20092ǰ󡣽ά˵“ԭΪƬϷţ񵯵ĵƬһʵȴǡǡ෴Ƿ͵ٶȷdzdz”LEDʾԣģȾԡܡˢƵ ȫ֯ɹӦɫʽ——ԽԽĶ̺ͷװƷƳѡΪԼѡѡɫʼṩ̡Ʒ漰ҵϡ Ϳϡ ֯ ױƷ Ӱ ӡǰ ӡˢ ī ɫԡ װȡ 5.2.7.3ģȾa) ɸʾģ飬·Ƶ·ԼӦĽṹһʾԪ֮ģ顣ģ֮һԣ֮ģȾBGJ ĻعĻͬb) Ҫ11 ģȾA B C 10%< BGJ ≤20%5%< BGJ ≤10%BGJ ≤5%c) 㷽ȾʾģȾԵIJͬ 11Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3 5.3.1֡Ƶa) 廭ϢµƵFH b) Ҫ12: ֡Ƶ λΪA B C FH <25 25< FH ≤50FH ≥50c ֡ƵʾϿĸA1A2A3A4һ֡A1ʾһ“”ڶ֡A2ʾһ“”֡A3ʾһ“”֡A4ʾһ“”ĻΪһ飬ӵ֡ʼ˹ѭʾʾʾòʾĸжͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡ƵFF FH =FF ʾʾòʾֻA1A3ͼΣֻA2A4ͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2 ʾʾòʾֻһͼΣ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶķ֮һFH = FF /4ʾʾòʾĸжͼΣͼβлУ֡ƵFH͵ڼ֡Ƶһ룬FH = FF /2ʾ֡ƵFF Խ֡ƵFH ݱ12Ĺ涨ָӦ5.3.2ˢƵa) ʾÿʾݱظĴFC b) Ҫ13: ˢƵ λΪA B C 150 > FC ≥100200 > FC ≥150FC ≥200c) ʾø߼ҶȼΪ任1˫ɫʾΪɫȫɫΪɫʾ۲һһɫLEDΣһεTˢƵFC = 1/ T SJ/T 11281 2003 13Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.3ռձa) Ҷȼȼ£һһɨڵĵͨʱ䣨TOɨڣTS֮ZQZQ≥1ʱΪ̬ZQ1ʱΪ̬b) Ҫռձͨ1/321/161/81/41/21ȡc) ռձȵIJԩ ͳƳʾһģ··Q ʾһģX ʾɫΪJC ռձZQ =Q /X ×JC5.3.4ģ鸺ر仯a) ڸ߻ҶȺȼ£ʾģȫ;ֲ״ȱ仯BLb) Ҫ14ģ鸺ر仯A B C ̬9% < BL ≤ 15%3% < BL ≤9%BL ≤ 3%̬20% < BL ≤ 35%7% < BL ≤ 20%BL ≤ 7%c) 1):նȱ仯С±10̽ͷɼΧС16ء2):ȫڵ£òɫDzʾıBD ģ1/16Ϊλ,ģ黮ΪɸѡһΪ򡣩ģڸȼ߻Ҷȼģȫ״£ģBQ ģڸȼ߻ҶȼģֻһȫBB ʽģȵı仯ʣBL =BB-BQ/BB+BQ-2BD×100ֱ졢̡ơ׵ȱ仯ʣȡֵΪģĸر仯ʡ14涨Ӧ5.3.5Ҷȵȼa) ʾͬһдҶȵ߻Ҷ֮ĵȼG b) Ҫ궨ҶȵȼGһΪ޻Ҷ(1-bitҶȼ)4(2-bitҶȼ)8(3-bitҶȼ)SJ/T 11281 2003164-bitҶȼ325-bitҶȼ646-bitҶȼ1287-bitҶȼ2568-bitҶȼȼκһּ,ҶȵȼӦʵc) 1) նȱ仯С±10ԹвɫǵIJɼΧ䡣2) Բ裺ҶȲӻҶȼʾӦŻҶȼֵʵʻҶȼ¹涨:: 1< G ≤2, ʾ1-bitҶȼ: 2< G ≤4, ʾ2-bitҶȼ: 4< G ≤8, Ϊʾ3-bitҶȼ: 8< G ≤16, ʾ4-bitҶȼ: 16< G ≤32, ʾ5-bitҶȼ: 32< G ≤64, ʾ6-bitҶȼ: 64< G ≤128, ʾ7-bitҶȼ: 128< G ≤256, ʾ8-bitҶȼ5.3.6 a) ڲƵźŵ£źЧֵSЧֵN֮(S/N)b) Ҫ15 A B C 43dB > S/N ≥35dB47dB > S/N ≥43dBS/N ≥47dBc) ȵIJùǿǵĹ̽ͷסijһأֹĸţԹйǿDzɹ̽ͷ״ֲ䡣ʾڸȡҶȣ״¹ǿIEM ʾڸȼ50Ҷȣ˻ҶȼĹǿIEH òɫźŷǣȴ52dBϵͳźţPALƣڲɫźŷǵȣʹعǿIEHȻڴ״̬ʾСʱƵжᣬʱٲ涳صĹǿIDiظò20βID1ID2……ID20 ҳȽϴIDiƽõIDmaxҳСIDiƽõIDmin ʽȡ S/N = 20lg[ 2√2 IEM/IDmax-IDmin]………………………………15Ĺ涨Ӧ5.3.7 ʧa) ʧҪָʧʺʧʡʧصΪäͳࡣʧPZä֮֮ȡʧPQä֮֮ȣָ100X100ؾ󣩡b) Ҫ16ʧABCʧ3/104 ≥PZ >2/1042/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ9/104 ≥PQ >6/1046/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104ʧ2/103 ≥PZ >4/1044/104 ≥PZ >1/104PZ ≤1/104ʧ 6/103 ≥PQ >12/10412/104 ≥PQ >3/104PQ ≤3/104c1) ʧʵIJ:ʾ߻ҶȼɫĿⷨPF ĿⷨɫPL ʽɫʧʡPZR =(PF+PL)/P PΪȫPСһһ㣩ͬķɲɫʧPZBɫʧPZG ȡPZRPZBPZGиֵ϶ΪʧPZ 16ҪӦ2 ʧʵIJһ100*100صĿƶĺɫ飨߻Ҷȼƶ÷ҳɫäܵAP ĿⷨںɫäMĿⷨAPںɫN ɫʧʵMN֮ͳPQ R = M +N/10000ͬķɲɫʧPQGɫʧPQB ȡPQRPQBPQGиֵ϶ΪʧPQ ,16ҪӦ 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